Sec 3E English ARGUMENTATI VE ESSAY WRITING FEATURES & FORMAT
LESSON OBJECTIVESBy the end of the lesson, you will be able to:a) Understand the purpose of writing an argumentative essayb) Revise on the features and format of a type of exposition text
What is the point of arguing?• You want to get your point across!• You want others to believe in what you have to say.• An argumentative essay does the same thing – it tries to convince readers of your point of view.
What’s the point of anargumentative essay?In argumentative writing, a writer takes aposition for or against an issue and writes toconvince the reader to believe or dosomething.Argumentative essays are written to get thereader to accept a point of view. In order toconvince the reader, you need more than anopinion; you need facts or examples to backup your opinion.
FORMAT - INTRODUCTION• What can you say is special about these introductions? i. “Cigarettes are the number one cause of lung cancer in Canada!” – Opening with a SHOCKING statement. ii. “Elbert Hubbard once said, “Truth is stronger than fiction.”- Opening with a QUOTATION.
iii. “Have you ever considered how many books we’d read if it were not for television?” – Opening with a RHETORIC QUESTION. A question that doesn’t need an answer – it is used to empahsise a point to the readeriv. 65% of road accidents are caused by drink driving.” – Opening with a STATISTIC. This helps to add emphasis or interest to your topic. It may be wise to include where you got the statistic from.
These intros have a “hook or “grabberto attract the reader’s attention. Besides (i) an attention-grabbing opening, the INTRODUCTION should also include (ii) your opinion – this tells the reader the main point of your essay.
Opening with aExample introduction: strong statementOf all the problems facing theenvironment today, the one that bothersme the most is global warming. Somescientists say that the earth is gettingwarmer because of the greenhouse effect.In this paper I will describe thegreenhouse effect and whether theearth’s atmosphere is actually gettingwarmer. opinion
BODY• You must then provide ARGUMENTS to support your opinion. Each paragraph is based on a solid reason to back your opinion.• Since almost all issues have sound arguments on both sides of the question, a good argumentative writer tries to ANTICIPATE opposing viewpoints. One of the paragraphs in the body should be used to discuss OPPOSING viewpoints and your counter-argument.
To help elaborate each argument, use• Use examples, real-life experiences, statistics or research.• Give a scenario, especially when you want the reader to see a different point of view. Use cues for the reader eg. suppose if, what if, imagine.
CONCLUSION• A piece of argumentative writing usually ends by SUMMARISING the most important details of the argument and stating once again what the reader is to FOR or AGAINST.
In your conclusion,• Restate your opinion• Summarize the main points of your argument.• Write a personal comment of call for action. You can do this: – With a Question: Closing with a question lets your readers make their own predictions, draw their own conclusions. – With Recommendations: Stress or recommend the action you want the readers to take.