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Crisis Management         Presenter    Muhammad Rizwan Qamar
CRISISA crisis can be defined as any unplanned event, occurrence or sequence of events that has undesirable consequence....
Understanding Crisis Crisis can affect all segments of society – businesses,  hospitals, educational institutions, famili...
Crisis - common features•   Time is short•   Decisions are required urgently•   Specific threats are identified•   Urgent ...
CRISIS MANAGENENTCrisis Management consists of skills and techniquesrequired to assess, understand, and cope with any seri...
Crisis Management          Objectives1) Reducing tension during the incident2) Demonstrating commitment & expertise3) Cont...
TYPES OF CRISISNatural (cataclysmic) events –uncontrollable natural events, health disasters, earthquakes,floods, fire, di...
TYPES OF CRISISPersonal Crisis - events that have special meaning toindividuals and only individual suffers – failing exam...
HOW TO DEAL WITH     CRISIS ?
Stages of Crisis Management Like most human events, crisis can be described in terms of stages, or relatively identifiable...
1) Avoiding Crisisa) Make crisis planning a part of your strategic planningb) Get together and share ideas – work with col...
2)     Preparing to Manage CrisisRecognize the risks and costs a) Brainstorm potential crisis. Consider the ‘what-ifs‘. b)...
Crisis Management TeamCMT Composition: Membership should be based onrepresentation, knowledge, and skill.CMT Responsibilit...
CMT - TrainingThe training of the Crisis Management Team is one of the criticalsuccess factors that must be addressed if a...
Crisis Management            •   What happened?            •   Were there any deaths or injuries?What        •   What is t...
Media Demands• Accuracy and simplicity• Statistics which are explained• Context of information• Comments from highest auth...
YOU’RE IN THE SPOTLIGHT• In a crisis, everyone watches what you do. Whether you  like it or not, you are in the spotlight....
The Ideal Spokesperson• Polite & patient• Well-informed• Accurate & reliable• Fluent• Available• Trustworthy
3) Recognizing Crisis   Is it a crisis?   Has the event in question caused, or   does it has the potential to cause -     ...
4) Containing Crisis“One’s objective should be to get it right, get it quick, get                 it out, and get it over....
5) Resolving CrisisA crisis requires fast, confident decision making. Buthow do you make good decisions when events move s...
6) Learning from CrisisWhen you survive a crisis, don’t just try to put it behind you. Rathertake the opportunity to learn...
Crisis Management• Publicly promise that to the best of organizations  ability similar situations will never occur• Go bey...
CRISIS MAY BE YOUR          DEFINING MOMENT• The crisis you are facing, or inevitably will face, may be  the defining mome...
Crisis management
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Crisis management

Crisis management

  1. 1. Crisis Management Presenter Muhammad Rizwan Qamar
  2. 2. CRISISA crisis can be defined as any unplanned event, occurrence or sequence of events that has undesirable consequence.A crisis is a change – either sudden or evolving – that results in an urgent problem that must be addressed immediately.A major crisis can affect the entire organization and, in some cases can lead to its collapse.We must act quickly to recognize its root causes, contain it, and eventually resolve the crisis with the least amount of damage.
  3. 3. Understanding Crisis Crisis can affect all segments of society – businesses, hospitals, educational institutions, families, and are caused by a wide range of reasons. The definitions can vary greatly, three elements are common to most definitions of crisis: 1. threat 2. surprise, & 3. short decision time.
  4. 4. Crisis - common features• Time is short• Decisions are required urgently• Specific threats are identified• Urgent demands for information are received• There is sense of loss of control• Pressures build over time• Demands are made to identify someone to blame• Reputation suffers• Communications are increasingly difficult to manage
  5. 5. CRISIS MANAGENENTCrisis Management consists of skills and techniquesrequired to assess, understand, and cope with any serioussituation.With effective Crisis Management, we can minimize theimpact of potential crisis, avoid altogether – or in somecases, even benefit from a crisis.”
  6. 6. Crisis Management Objectives1) Reducing tension during the incident2) Demonstrating commitment & expertise3) Controlling flow & accuracy of information4) Managing resources effectively
  7. 7. TYPES OF CRISISNatural (cataclysmic) events –uncontrollable natural events, health disasters, earthquakes,floods, fire, disastrous accidents, environmental pollutions.Technology breakdowns –data loss, security breaches, out-of-date equipment.Economic and market forces –market swings, investment bubbles.Business-related crisis – sudden death of a crucial leader,serious breach of law, vendor fails to deliver critical supplies,employee stealing from a client.
  8. 8. TYPES OF CRISISPersonal Crisis - events that have special meaning toindividuals and only individual suffers – failing exams,divorce, being unemployed, etc.Confrontation Crisis – e.g. disputes.Acts of Malevolence – e.g. terrorism, kidnappingMisconduct Crisis - e.g. harassment, corruption, fraud,false invoicing Smoldering Crisis - problems or issues that start out small and could be fixed if someone was paying attention or recognized the potential for trouble. e.g. financial crisis in an organization, strike by union etc
  9. 9. HOW TO DEAL WITH CRISIS ?
  10. 10. Stages of Crisis Management Like most human events, crisis can be described in terms of stages, or relatively identifiable sequences of events and reactions. Stages enable planners to monitor risks, progress, target stakeholders, and take strategic action appropriate to the stage. Mitroff’s Stages of Crisis Management ModelAvoiding Preparing to Recognizing Containing Resolving Learning from crisis manage crisis crisis crisis crisis crisis
  11. 11. 1) Avoiding Crisisa) Make crisis planning a part of your strategic planningb) Get together and share ideas – work with colleagues to analyze your situationc) Perform a SWOT analysisd) Narrow your crisis-risk list – focus on the crisis that would have the worst result, would be most likely to occur.
  12. 12. 2) Preparing to Manage CrisisRecognize the risks and costs a) Brainstorm potential crisis. Consider the ‘what-ifs‘. b) Once you have determined what crises you need to plan for, consider ways to minimize these risks and the costs for each risk. c) Consider everything that could go wrong, in the order of importance and its costs.Develop A Crisis Plan After you have selected a key what-if scenario and analyzed possible consequences, brainstorm the kinds of decisions that will have to be made and who should make these decisions. Also perform a reality check to identify possible unintended & undesirable side effects.
  13. 13. Crisis Management TeamCMT Composition: Membership should be based onrepresentation, knowledge, and skill.CMT Responsibilities: • Coordinate all crisis related activities • Gathering and reviewing facts of crisis • Determining crisis response activities • Allocate resources • Specifying internal and external communications • Training staff • Establishing relationships with stakeholders • Monitor progress and continuing situation assessment Ensure that all CMT members are trained before the crisis occurs
  14. 14. CMT - TrainingThe training of the Crisis Management Team is one of the criticalsuccess factors that must be addressed if an adequate response is to beachieved.Principles of Effective Training:  Training Need Assessment:  Contents:  Trainer:  Methods:  Evaluation:
  15. 15. Crisis Management • What happened? • Were there any deaths or injuries?What • What is the extent of the damage? • Is there a danger of future injuries ormedia damage?want to • • Why did it happen? Who or what is responsible?know in • What is being done about it? • When will it be over?a crisis? • Has it happened before? • Were there any warning signs of the problem?
  16. 16. Media Demands• Accuracy and simplicity• Statistics which are explained• Context of information• Comments from highest authority• Both sides of the issue• Speed, speed and speed
  17. 17. YOU’RE IN THE SPOTLIGHT• In a crisis, everyone watches what you do. Whether you like it or not, you are in the spotlight.• The key is getting out in front of the crisis in its first hours with clear statements, both internally and externally.• Accept responsibility and build confidence & credibility.
  18. 18. The Ideal Spokesperson• Polite & patient• Well-informed• Accurate & reliable• Fluent• Available• Trustworthy
  19. 19. 3) Recognizing Crisis Is it a crisis? Has the event in question caused, or does it has the potential to cause - Yes No Injury to any person? A threat to the health and safety of any person? A threat to the environment? A breakdown or a threat to your reputation? A serious threat to employee’s morale and well-being? A loss of data? Serious financial loss? A legal action against your organization Interpreting your score: If you answered yes to any of the above questions, you are probably dealing with an approaching crisis
  20. 20. 4) Containing Crisis“One’s objective should be to get it right, get it quick, get it out, and get it over.” - Warren Buffet1) When a crisis strikes, the first thing you must do is to contain it.2) You must make decisions quickly.3) Be on the scene. Your physical presence is important.4) Communicate about the crisis quickly – expect rumors and false information, notify key people (management, general public, or employees, vendors, government authorities and clients), and stick to the facts (do not guess or attempt to cover up).
  21. 21. 5) Resolving CrisisA crisis requires fast, confident decision making. Buthow do you make good decisions when events move soquickly, when things are confusing, and when it is hardto sort out what’s important.Managing emotions that accompany a crisis, effectiveleader’s role, and taking effective action can help.
  22. 22. 6) Learning from CrisisWhen you survive a crisis, don’t just try to put it behind you. Rathertake the opportunity to learn from the experience and make changesto avoid or prepare for another similar event.Review how the crisis was handled .Ask yourself the following questions: 1. Could we have prevented the crisis? If so how? 2. At what point did we realize we were in crisis? Could we have recognized the signs earlier? 3. What warning signals went off that we may have ignored? 4. What warning signals did we pay attention to? 5. What did we do right? 6. What could we have done better?
  23. 23. Crisis Management• Publicly promise that to the best of organizations ability similar situations will never occur• Go beyond community`s and victim`s expectations.• Adverse situations managed quickly cost far less and are controversial for much shorter periods of time. Prepare Contingency Plans in Advance
  24. 24. CRISIS MAY BE YOUR DEFINING MOMENT• The crisis you are facing, or inevitably will face, may be the defining moment in your professional life.• Leaders who don’t take advantage of crises to make long-term changes not only waste opportunities but sow the seeds for a repeat experience• Do your best and leave the rest to ALLAH

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