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POWER and
CULTURE
“ideology” defined
 Ideology is a set of
assumption/beliefs/system that justifies
social stratification
 Examples for id...
What is hegemony?
 Involves domination/coercion.
 Masses can give their consent (see Nazism)
or resist (see civil rights...
illness and sexuality field of oppression
 According to Foucault, illness and
sexuality can become fields of
oppression:
...
the Powerful secure their system
by constructing knowledge
 Spreading systems of thought through
education.
They determin...
What kind of theory do we use for
analyzing how power operates?
 Critical Theory
Critical theory
 Critical theory provides
with frame of concepts
to analyze how power operates
Foucault: History of Madness in the
Classical Age(1961)
 Foucault questioned that the mad were merely sick
(“mentally” il...
Foucault new idea about power
Foucault says, power has not only
negative but also positive impact
Power is also producti...
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Power and culture ppt.

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Power and culture ppt.

  1. 1. POWER and CULTURE
  2. 2. “ideology” defined  Ideology is a set of assumption/beliefs/system that justifies social stratification  Examples for ideology: patriarchy, matriarchy, white supremacy, culture of poverty, heteronormativity
  3. 3. What is hegemony?  Involves domination/coercion.  Masses can give their consent (see Nazism) or resist (see civil rights movement).  Hegemony stabilizes when most members give consent to the dominant ideology, said Gramsci
  4. 4. illness and sexuality field of oppression  According to Foucault, illness and sexuality can become fields of oppression: By using the labels “abnormal” and “immoral” that make people outcasts.
  5. 5. the Powerful secure their system by constructing knowledge  Spreading systems of thought through education. They determine what is “modern,” what is awarded and what is punishable, and label ability/disability, talent and intelligence etc.
  6. 6. What kind of theory do we use for analyzing how power operates?  Critical Theory
  7. 7. Critical theory  Critical theory provides with frame of concepts to analyze how power operates
  8. 8. Foucault: History of Madness in the Classical Age(1961)  Foucault questioned that the mad were merely sick (“mentally” ill) and in need of medical treatment.  He reasoned that the alleged scientific neutrality of modern medical treatments of insanity are in fact “covers” for controlling,  and they oppress in the name of a conventional bourgeois morality.  The same is true for sexuality, and the concepts of “man” (is it an object or subject?)
  9. 9. Foucault new idea about power Foucault says, power has not only negative but also positive impact Power is also productive, helps prevent chaos, and brings discipline in social life

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