Successfully reported this slideshow.
You’ve unlocked unlimited downloads on SlideShare!
Community AgreementsBruce HarveyGlobal practice leader : Communities & Social Performance
Why have Community Agreements?• In certain countries with strict mining laws, community agreements are compulsory in acquiring mining licenses and land use• Beyond compensation for relocation, changes to their lifestyles, and other disturbances, land-connected community groups want to share in the benefits of hosting a large industrial operation in their neighborhood• Lender requirements on engagement and transparency• It is in the interests of the company conducting mining activities to build an institutional basis for stable and effective community relations What is a Community Agreement?• A legally binding agreement formalising long term relationship between a mining company and with local communities• A platform for mutual obligation and joint contribution to regional development and support for the mine 11/09/12
How do CA align with other things already in place? Interactions that a company Community Agreement already has and will Formalises community have with directly interactions from affected communities community perspective (Company perspective) ESIA Formalises Different windows into the community interactions from same ‘community lenders’ perspective or government universe’ perspective 4
Community Agreement - General Principles•• An institutionalised relationship An institutionalised relationship•• Bottom up shared vision – participatory; involvement in decisions Bottom up shared vision – participatory; involvement in decisions•• Mutual obligations Mutual obligations•• Clear evidence of community support for the project Clear evidence of community support for the project•• Clear expected outcomes Clear expected outcomes•• Clear accountabilities for delivering commitments Clear accountabilities for delivering commitments•• Mutually agreed enforceability and dispute resolution mechanisms Mutually agreed enforceability and dispute resolution mechanisms•• Comprehensive Comprehensive•• Legally binding: transparency Legally binding: transparency•• Implementation provisions Implementation provisions•• Avoiding dependency Avoiding dependency11/09/12
Possible Community Agreement Structure Main Agreement Core agreement (includes things like legal framework, governance, consent and support for mine, default events, changes of law, assignment, permitted claims, dispute resolution, waivers, tax, confidentiality etc. Sub-agreements11/09/12 6
Possible components of a Community Agreement1. Environmental protection and rehabilitation2. Cultural heritage protection and management3. Pasture land protection and management4. Rangeland water management5. Employability, training and employment6. Local & regional government and administration capacity, social services, education, health, infrastructure and information services7. Local enterprise development, procurement of goods and services 11/09/12 7