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The Spanish American War

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Class presentation on the Spanish America War - Unit 6 "Modern America Emerges"

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The Spanish American War

  1. 1. <ul><li>“ A splendid little war” - John Hay </li></ul><ul><li>The best example of American imperialism at the turn of the century </li></ul>The Spanish American War
  2. 3. Why did Spain and the U.S. go to war over Cuba? <ul><li>to “liberate” Cuba from the Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>Cubans revolted in 1895, demanding independence </li></ul><ul><li>Spain had installed a military government in Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>rebels in Cuba were thrown into concentration camps </li></ul>
  3. 5. Also, Cuba was a very important source of sugar, and there many American investments in Cuba <ul><li>Some Americans had suggested annexation and statehood for Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>“ an apple”, severed from the “tree” </li></ul>
  4. 6. THE CAUSES <ul><li>NEWSPAPERS </li></ul><ul><li>A LETTER </li></ul><ul><li>A SHIP </li></ul><ul><li>SOME POLITICIANS </li></ul>
  5. 7. Yellow Journalism William Randolph Hearst Joseph Pulitzer
  6. 9. &quot;Please remain. You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war.&quot; “ There is no war.  Request to be recalled.”
  7. 10. The de Lome letter <ul><li>McKinley is &quot;a low politician,&quot; &quot;weak and catering to the rabble&quot; </li></ul>Enrique DuPuy De Lome
  8. 11. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine
  9. 12. Used as a rallying cry - REMEMBER THE MAINE!!
  10. 14. Yellow Journalism
  11. 15. Jingoism was also called “spread-eagleism”
  12. 16. War is declared <ul><li>McKinley asks to send troops to end civil war </li></ul><ul><li>Congress passes joint resolutions for a free Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Spain says “Why you little …” </li></ul><ul><li>US says “It’s on!” </li></ul>
  13. 18. THE EVENT <ul><li>The war only lasted a few months </li></ul><ul><li>fought in the Caribbean and in the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. not very prepared </li></ul>
  14. 19. Yellow Journalism during (and in ) the War “ Truth is the first casualty of war” William Randolph Hearst
  15. 20. The Rough Riders
  16. 21. People from all walks of life volunteered to fight - caught up in <ul><li>war fever </li></ul>
  17. 22. Teddy Roosevelt comes to national prominence
  18. 23. The charge up San Juan Hill
  19. 24. African American troops fight – successfully!
  20. 25. Spain pushed for a peace treaty
  21. 26. THE IMPACT &quot;The war of the United States with Spain was very brief. Its results were many, startling, and of world-wide meaning.&quot; Henry Cabot Lodge &quot;It has been a splendid little war, begun with the highest motives, carried on with magnificent intelligence and spirit, favoured by that fortune which loves the brave.&quot; John Hay
  22. 27. Over 5,000 casualties ( just under 400 battle deaths ), and a cost of $250 million
  23. 28. Expansion of the U.S. <ul><li>The U.S acquired Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Guam, and Wake Island - Spain received some cash </li></ul>
  24. 29. Cuba gains independence (sort of)
  25. 30. The Platt Amendment Cuba becomes an American PROTECTORATE – kind of like a little brother US military would rule Cuba for a while US could intervene if deemed necessary US received naval base
  26. 31. More Results: <ul><li>U.S. thrust onto the world stage, and American strength and arms become respected </li></ul>
  27. 33. More Results: <ul><li>U.S. becomes much more involved in Asia and Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONALISM </li></ul>
  28. 34. More Results: <ul><li>U.S. becomes a two-ocean nation, and will look for a link to control both oceans commercially and militarily </li></ul>
  29. 35. More Results: <ul><li>Opposition or </li></ul><ul><li>ANTI-IMPERIALISM will develop in the US </li></ul>
  30. 36. Problems would arise in controlling the possessions - anti-imperialists felt the U.S. should give the countries independence
  31. 37. A bloody insurrection in the Philippines followed in 1899 <ul><li>Philippine nationals, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, rebelled against the new U.S. government </li></ul>
  32. 39. The guerrilla war lasted for three years, with many casualties
  33. 41. Opponents of Imperialism began to develop <ul><li>Big names opposing imperialism </li></ul>TWAIN CARNEGIE
  34. 42. The Anti-Imperialist League developed
  35. 43. Reasons for Anti-Imperialism <ul><li>Span-Am War wasn’t for conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines should be “free and independent” </li></ul><ul><li>imperialism was expensive </li></ul><ul><li>problems at home </li></ul>
  36. 44. Reasons for Anti-Imperialism <ul><li>no such thing as “The White Man’s Burden” </li></ul><ul><li>too hard to hold and govern the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>not fair that the colonies would be governed but not represented in Congress </li></ul>
  37. 45. CONQUEST
  38. 46. EXPENSIVE
  39. 47. PROBLEMS AT HOME
  40. 49. A Just Action?
  41. 50. WORLD OPINION
  42. 51. The issue of IMPERIALISM and intervening in foreign countries will dominate American politics for much of the next 30 years!
  43. 52. ONLINE RESOURCES <ul><li>The Spanish American War Centennial Website - http://www.spanamwar.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish-American War in Motion Pictures - http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/sawhtml/sawhome.html </li></ul><ul><li>Remember the Maine - www.smplanet.com/imperialism/remember.html </li></ul><ul><li>Crucible of Empire - PBS Online - http://www.pbs.org/crucible/ </li></ul><ul><li>Arlington National Cemetery - http://www.arlingtoncemetery.com/ussmaine.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Turner Network Television - http://alt.tnt.tv/movies/tntoriginals/roughriders/ </li></ul>

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