Literature Circles: An alternative way to use books in the classroom
An alternative way to use
books in the classroom
Using Books in the Classroom
Bored to use TB & WB?
Want to try
Ever tried other
kinds of books?
Using story books in the classroom
Selecting the books to use
Activities using story books
Simulation & sharing
Story books in the Classroom
Children enjoy listening to stories in their
mother tongue and understand the
conventions of narrative.
As soon as they hear the formula “Once upon
a time…” they know what to expect next.
(Ellis & Browster, in Machias, 2008)
Why story books?
They are a good resource to integrate
different communicative skills.
They contain moral values.
They provide an ideal introduction to a target
language presented in a context that is familiar
to the child (vocab & grammar).
They allow cross curricular activities. Arts,
history, science, music, drama, geography, math
Selecting the books to use
Example of a book that can be used for some
lessons, e.g. Pia Merawat Ikan, Lily in the
Book Land just the cover
chicken soup for teenage
How can we use them?
- Treasure hunt
- Sustained Silent Reading
- Pyramid of the Story
- Listen and Sequence
- Speech bubbles for a comic
- Literature Circles
small, peer-led discussion groups whose
members have chosen to read the same
story, poem, article, or book.
the learners are divided into some small
groups during the sessions.
each group (or the teacher, in EFL context)
then chooses one article, book, or story that
has to be read within a period agreed.
then they will meet regularly to discuss
what they have read.
each member is assigned a temporary role,
like director, connector, summarizer,
researcher, vocabulary enricher, illustrator,
they will rotate the role in every meeting
Some of the roles
• Lead the discussion
• Make questions to make the discussion alive
• Prepare a brief summary of today’s reading
• Start the discussion by reading the summary
• Find some important, unusual, or attractive words
• Show them in the reading to the members
• Draw some kinds of picture related to the reading
• It can be a sketch, cartoon, diagram, flowchart, or
• find connections between the book and you, and
between the book and the wider world
How to do it?
- select a book/short story/poem
- form the groups
- mini-lessons about the steps and the roles (or
some techniques for giving questions, arguing
- teachers just observe and/or assess.
- teachers ask some groups to share
- teachers give clarification or appraisal for what
students have discussed
Daniels, H. (2002). Literature circles: Voice and
choice in book clubs and reading groups (2nd
ed.). Ontario: Stenhouse Publishers.
Machias, D.F. (2008). Story books.
USAID DBE2]. (2010). Classroom reading Program.
Veira, I. (2012). Literature circles for young
Wilfong, L. G. (2011). Textmasters: Bringing
literature circles to textbook reading across the