• Read the question and underline key words
• Read the question and the instructions of the
task carefully and decide on key vocabulary.
write words of the same meaning
to these vocabulary words to be
you will use
put the most
important point first
Support your points!
Express your views!
What is your purpose?
What do you want to convey to the audience?
Who are your audiences?
Use your language appropriately!
Structure and sequencing your idea!
Criticism of Alternative
state the issue
give the opposite side of view
demolish the opposite view by using its weakness
explain reasons and techniques to support your view
A Good Conclusion must:
• Rephrase the question.
• Summarize the main ideas.
• Look to the future.
Conclusion is the end of the essay
which the reader will remember
most, so it should be clear and
avoid confusing the reader.
***Remember NEVER add
any new information to it.
5 to 53 facial muscles are used
when you smiling.
They smile that means they are
Nobody like to people who always
be stressful, do you?
Scientists say smiling can extend 7
years of your life time.
About 80% of people who smile
live longer that the people who
Smiling makes you become more
friendly, attractive and relax.
• Relevant points with an attempt to • Well-developed logical points.
develop some of the ideas.
• Clearly linked each stage.
• You do not repeat points to
• Sequencing sentences and
emphasize the important points.
paragraphs which are easy to
• The sequencing of the paragraphs
is satisfactory but it could be more
Remember to use them to link your ideas and paragraphs.
Adding new supporting information
moreover, in addition, furthermore
Offering a different viewpoint
in contrast, on the other hand, however,
nevertheless, despite, but, while
Restarting a point for impact
as stated earlier, to recap
Explaining cause and effect
as a result, because, consequently
Exam Style Question
• ‘Honest people never win.’ What are your views?
• ‘To hate people is always wrong.’ Argue a case for or
against this view.
• ‘Everything we learn is useful.’ Argue for or against this
• ‘Dreams are important in our lives.’ Discuss this view.
• ‘The small things that we own are the most precious.’ Do