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Welcome to Presentation on
Kota Super Thermal Power Station (KSTPS)
Submitted by : -
Naveen Kumar Saini
7th Sem., EI&CE
(1...
Kota Super Thermal Power Plant
Introduction
• It was established in 1983.
• KSTPS is designed in following stages.
Stage Unit
Number
Installed
Capacity (...
• Bituminous Coal is used as fuel.
• Its Calorific Value is 3300 K.cal/Kg.
• Coal India Limited supplies coal from its coa...
 General Layout & Basic Idea
 Coal Handling Plant
 Boiler
 Ash Handling Plant
 Steam Turbine
 Electricity Generator
...
General Layout & Basic Idea
 Fuel & Ash Circuit
 Air & Gas Circuit
 Feed Water & Steam Circuit
 Cooling Water Circuit
...
Coal Handling Plant
Coal Handling Plant can be called the heart of the thermal power plant.
It Can be divided into 3 secti...
Crushing System
Crusher House :- Its main Function is to crush the coal to 20mm. Size.
Two types of crushers in KSTPS
Prim...
Conveying System:-
Belts are used to convey coal from coal handling plant to furnace.
Conveyor belt specification:-
Belt w...
Boiler
 Water Tube Boiler:- In this type of boiler water flows inside the
tubes and hot gases flow outside the tubes.
A B...
Boiler Drum
Its function is to separate
water and steam from
mixture of steam & water
generated in the furnace
walls.
Econ...
Air Pre-heater Super heater
Air Pre heaters are employed to
recover the heat from the flue gases
leaving the Economizer & ...
Ash Handling Plant
In Thermal Plant coal is generally used as fuel & hence the ash is
produced as the byproduct. Ash gener...
Ash Disposal & Dust Collection Plant
The ash is removed from fly ash hoppers in dry state & it is carried out to
collectin...
Steam Turbine
Steam Turbine is a machine in which a shaft is rotated steadily by impact
or reaction of current or stream o...
 An electrical generator is a machine which converts mechanical energy
into electrical energy through electro mechanical ...
Cooling System
 In KSTPS Hydrogen Cooling System is employed for generator cooling.
 Hydrogen is used Because of its sup...
Transformer
 Transformer is a static device which is used to change the voltage level
keeping the power & frequency same....
Control Panel
Control Panel I Fan Control Desk
Control Panel II Fuel Control Desk
Control Panel III Steam & Water Control ...
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A best ppt on kota super thermal power station

  1. 1. Welcome to Presentation on Kota Super Thermal Power Station (KSTPS) Submitted by : - Naveen Kumar Saini 7th Sem., EI&CE (11EEBEI037) Govt. Engineering College Bikaner Submitted to: Pooja Bhardwaj (Assistant Processor) EI&CE
  2. 2. Kota Super Thermal Power Plant
  3. 3. Introduction • It was established in 1983. • KSTPS is designed in following stages. Stage Unit Number Installed Capacity (MW) Date of Commissioning Status Stage I 1 110 January 1983 Running Stage I 2 110 July 1983 Running Stage II 3 210 September 1988 Running Stage II 4 210 May 1989 Running Stage III 5 210 March 1994 Running Stage IV 6 195 July 2003 Running Stage V 7 195 May 2009 Running • Total generation capacity is 1240 MW. • It is located at the left bank of the CHAMBAL River at the upstream of KOTA BAIRAJ.
  4. 4. • Bituminous Coal is used as fuel. • Its Calorific Value is 3300 K.cal/Kg. • Coal India Limited supplies coal from its coal mines of coal producing subsidiaries SECL & NCL to Kota Thermal Power Plant.
  5. 5.  General Layout & Basic Idea  Coal Handling Plant  Boiler  Ash Handling Plant  Steam Turbine  Electricity Generator  Cooling System  Transformer  Control Panel Main & Auxiliaries Parts of KSTPS
  6. 6. General Layout & Basic Idea  Fuel & Ash Circuit  Air & Gas Circuit  Feed Water & Steam Circuit  Cooling Water Circuit Air
  7. 7. Coal Handling Plant Coal Handling Plant can be called the heart of the thermal power plant. It Can be divided into 3 sections. Wagon Unloading System Crushing System Conveying System Wagon Unloading System •Wagon Tripler unloads the coal from wagon to hopper. •Hopper is made of iron, is in the form of net. •Hopper allows to pass coal less than 200mm.
  8. 8. Crushing System Crusher House :- Its main Function is to crush the coal to 20mm. Size. Two types of crushers in KSTPS Primary Crushers Secondary Crushers Primary Crusher:- • Roll Crusher Feed Size : 1200 mm. End Product Size : 500mm • Rotary Breaker Feed Coal size : 500mm End Product size : 0-200mm  Secondary Crusher:- It employs a combination of Impact, shearing, Compression. Roll Crusher
  9. 9. Conveying System:- Belts are used to convey coal from coal handling plant to furnace. Conveyor belt specification:- Belt width : 1400 mm. Speed : 2.2 m/sec. Capacity : 750/1350 ton/hr. No. of conveyor : 38 Total Installed Power : 360 KW
  10. 10. Boiler  Water Tube Boiler:- In this type of boiler water flows inside the tubes and hot gases flow outside the tubes. A Boiler (or Steam Generator) is a closed vessel in which water, under pressure is converted into steam. (i) Fire Tube Boiler (ii) Water Tube Boiler  Furnace:- Furnace is primary part of the boiler where the chemical energy of coal is converted into thermal energy by combustion.
  11. 11. Boiler Drum Its function is to separate water and steam from mixture of steam & water generated in the furnace walls. Economizer An Economizer extracts a part of heat from the flue gases and uses it for heating the feed water before it enters into the steam drum.
  12. 12. Air Pre-heater Super heater Air Pre heaters are employed to recover the heat from the flue gases leaving the Economizer & are used to incoming air for combustion. A Super heater is a device which removes the last traces of moisture from the saturated steam leaving the boiler tubes & also increases the temperature . Super heater consists a group of tubes.
  13. 13. Ash Handling Plant In Thermal Plant coal is generally used as fuel & hence the ash is produced as the byproduct. Ash generated in power plant is about 30-40% of total coal consumption. Air & Gas Plant Fuel & Ash Plant Air & Gas Plant Ash Disposal & Dust Collection Plant Air (Atmosphere) Air Pre heater Boiler Boiler Tubes Flue gases (Due to combustion) Super HeaterChimney Economizer
  14. 14. Ash Disposal & Dust Collection Plant The ash is removed from fly ash hoppers in dry state & it is carried out to collecting equipment where it is mixed with water & resulting slurry is discharged.
  15. 15. Steam Turbine Steam Turbine is a machine in which a shaft is rotated steadily by impact or reaction of current or stream of working substances (Steam , Air, Water, Gases) upon Blades of a wheel. Technical Data of Turbines Rated Output 110MW Rated Speed 3000 RPM Clockwise Direction Maximum Steam Pressure 146atm
  16. 16.  An electrical generator is a machine which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy through electro mechanical energy conversion. Electricity Generator The generator is driven by directly coupled steam turbine at a speed of 3000 RPM. Current : 7720A Frequency: 50Hz For generator (110MW) Terminals: 6
  17. 17. Cooling System  In KSTPS Hydrogen Cooling System is employed for generator cooling.  Hydrogen is used Because of its superior cooling properties & we can eliminate the fire risk because it doesn’t support combustion.  Thermal conductivity of H2 is 7.3 times of air.
  18. 18. Transformer  Transformer is a static device which is used to change the voltage level keeping the power & frequency same.  There are about 83 transformers installed at various places in plant to operate the auxiliaries. Generator Transformer A Steps up (16.5KV to 220KV) Generator Transformer B Steps up (16.5KV to 400KV) Unit Auxiliary Transformer Steps down (16.5KV to 6.9KV) Station Service Transformer Steps down(6.9KV to 0.433KV) Types of Installed Transformer
  19. 19. Control Panel Control Panel I Fan Control Desk Control Panel II Fuel Control Desk Control Panel III Steam & Water Control Desk Control Panel IV Turbine Control Desk Control Panel V Generator Control Panel All the Basic Parameters like Temperature of steam & air, Flow of water & air, pressure, Electricity generation etc. are controlled in Control Panel.
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Kota Super Thermal Power Station

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