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Usa economy


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Usa economy

  1. 1. U.S.A
  2. 2. • USA located in the northern part of America continent • It has 50 states and 1 district: District Columbia, that is shown as stars in their flag • The country bordered with Mexico on the South, and Canada on the north • Capital: Washington • President: Barack Obama • Area: 9,826,675 km2 (3rd largest country in the world after Russia and Canada) • Population: 314,555,000 (3rd most populated country in the world after China and India) • Currency: US Dollar ($1 = Rp. 9500) • Independence Day: 4th July 1776 • USA is a free country. Every religion is accepted, and people are freely choose to have religion or not Introduction
  3. 3. Political Map of US
  4. 4. General description of country and state symbols
  5. 5. The flag of the USA is called “Stars and Stripes”. There are three colors on the flag of the USA. They are red, white and blue. As there are fifty states in the USA, there are fifty stars on the American flag: one star for each state. The American flag has thirteen stripes. The stripes are red and white. There is one stripe for each of the first thirteen colonies which in 1776 became independent of England. National Symbols The Flag
  6. 6. The eagle became the official national symbol of the country in 1782. It holds an olive branch (a symbol of peace) and arrows (symbol of strength) in its paws. The USA has official song. Its called The Spangled Banner. Bald Eagle
  7. 7. National Floral Emblem - The Rose The rose, said to be about 35 million years old, has been used as a symbol of love, beauty, war, and politics throughout the world. The flowers are generally red, pink, white, or yellow and grow naturally throughout North America. The rose became the official flower of the United States in 1986. In October 1985, the Senate passed a resolution that declared the rose as the National Floral Emblem of the United States. Senate Joint Resolution 159 was passed by the House of Representatives on September 23, 1986. President Reagan signed the resolution on October 7, 1986 in a ceremony in the White House Rose Garden. On November 20, 1986, President Reagan issued Proclamation 5574: The National Floral Emblem of the United States of America: The Rose. Did you know? The first President, George Washington, bred roses, and a variety he named after his mother is still grown today.
  8. 8. STATUE OF LIBERTY The Statue of Liberty, proud lady of welcome for millions of newly arrived Americans, stands atop her pedestal in New York Harbor. The Statue of Liberty is a gift from the French, the statue was set in place in 1876.
  9. 9. CONGRESS OF USA Built on a hill popularly called Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, the U.S. Capitol has been the home of the House of Representatives and the Senate since 1800. In March 1792, a design contest was announced to design the U.S. Capitol. All of the 16 plans submitted were rejected. A late entry by William Thornton, amateur architect from the British West Indies, was accepted in fall 1792. President Washington liked it because of its "grandeur, simplicity and convenience." The iron dome, also white, is surmounted by a statue of a woman representing Freedom, by the American sculptor Thomas Crawford. The height of the Capitol from the baseline on the east front to the top of the statue is 287.5 ft (87.6 m)
  10. 10. WHITE HOUSE IS SYMBOL OF FREEDOM Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC, the White House is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. The White House has been the official residence of all the presidents of the United States with the exception of George Washington. The house was rebuilt and restored after it was burned by the British in August 1814. The White House has six floors--two basements, two public floors, and two floors for the First Family. Visitors who tour the White House are able to see the most beautiful and historic rooms in the house including the East Room, the Green Room, the Blue Room, the Red Room, and the State Dining Room. These rooms are used by the President and First Lady to entertain guests and to receive leaders of other countries. The Oval Office is where the President does the business of the country--signing bills and Executive Orders and meeting with staff, visitors, and guests.
  11. 11. PENTAGON - THE LARGEST BUILDING IN AMERICA The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia. As a symbol of the U.S. military, "the Pentagon" is often used metonymically to refer to the Department of Defense rather than the building itself.
  12. 12. The United States shares land borders with Canada (to the north) and Mexico (to the south), and a water border with Russia in the northwest, and two territorial water borders in the southeast between Florida and Cuba, and Florida and the Bahamas. The contiguous forty- eight states are otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the west, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast. Alaska borders the Pacific Ocean to the south, the Bering Strait to the west, and the Arctic Ocean to the north, while Hawaii lies far to the southwest of the mainland in the Pacific Ocean. Total area of the country is 9,522,055 km2. The geography of the country
  13. 13. • In USA, there are 6 regions: New England, Mid Atlantic, The South, The Midwest, The Southwest and The West. • In each regions, there are many states. 6 states in New England, 6 states in Mid Atlantic (The city), 12 states in The South, 12 states in The Midwest (farm and agriculture), 4 states in The Southwest (great landscape with prairie and desert), 11 states in The West (home of the cowboy) Region and State
  14. 14. THE CITIES • Big city or often called metropolitan, are where most of people in USA live • The most populated state in USA is California, with over 37 million people (12% of total population) followed by Texas, and New York • Many people like to live in the city, because there are many jobs, and places to go like malls, playgrounds, and swimming pools • But the city also can be very crowded and unpleasant to live in
  15. 15. • Citizen of USA is called Americans • USA is a very diverse county. It is home of people with different ethnics and national origins. Many people in the 19th century migrated and settled down in America • There many race found in USA: ⁻ White is the majority, of about 70% of the population ⁻ Hispanic (Latino) is about 15%. They are originated from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, … ⁻ African American is about 12% ⁻ Asian is about 3%. They are originated from China, Filipina, India, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, …. • American believes in equality and justice for all. All citizens of America deserve to have the same rights The People
  16. 16. Americans comes from many nations
  17. 17. During the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries the America had its roots in the European Settlements. Within 180 years the United States economy became a mechanized, enormous and incorporated economy and according to a ballpark figure it has turn out to be one fifth of the world’s economy. The United States economy is considered the world’s prevalent economy due to the following reasons. The economic structure, the leading industries, economic analysis; Economical history of America Business ethnicity The essential attribute of the U.S. Economy is the economic autonomy reasonable to the private sector as it allows taking the greater part of economic decisions in influential the track and the fabrication scale of U.S Economy. The amount of operational workforce and their yield clearly assist to determine the strength of American economy. More employment opportunities There are additional opportunities available for situation seekers just about the world. Approximately 154.4 million individuals are employed in America. U.S Government is a largest employment providing sector having 22 million employed individuals. Private sector is the major job providing sector nearly 91% of American populace is in a job within the private sector. That is why all the American citizens are measured the most civilized individuals because of their peak living standards. There is merely a little number of individuals which are unemployed. On February 2013, Almost 7% individuals are unemployed. For the better consideration of US Economy structure an analysis was conducted to be acquainted with all the particulars which provided the consequences about U.S economy and U.S employment which is categorized by the sector.
  19. 19. It is likely that US GDP growth in H2 2013 was ~3.5%, close to the strongest rate of growth we have seen since the financial crisis. Improving US growth prospects keep us upbeat on the outlook for the US dollar. The trade- weighted value of the US dollar tends to trade in broad 6-10 year cycles, with changes in valuation ranging between 20- 50%. While there is reason to suspect this cycle will see a more muted rise in the trade-weighted value of the US dollar (not least because the Chinese renminbi, which comprises 21% of the US trade-weighted index, remains undervalued despite its recent appreciation to record levels against the US dollar), we believe 2014 will see an environment of US dollar strength. Most notably, against commodity sensitive currencies (CAD, AUD), the Japanese yen (JPY) and selective emerging markets currencies (Brazilian real, Russian rouble, Chilean peso), in the case of which valuations need to adjust further in order for these economies to achieve the necessary rebalancing.
  20. 20. The trade-weighted value of the US dollar tends to trade in 6-10 year cycles, with changes in valuation ranging between 20-50%.
  21. 21. Imports saw a big jump in Petroleum prices to -0.1% from -4.7% in Nov,. Food feed and drink +0.6% vs -0.65 prior. Industrial supplies +0.1% from -2.7% previously. Export prices were pretty steady across the board with Food and industrials showing moderate rises. Overall it’s still a pretty flat picture for prices.
  22. 22. On the export side, however, the role of prices and exchange rates may prove more instructive. The chart shows the trend for U.S. exports of manufactured goods since 1985. Included are two price indexes. The trend for the value of manufacturing exports appears to rise most rapidly as export prices go up. This rapid rise can be somewhat misleading, however, because the export price index is denoted in dollar terms. When the index is recalculated and looked at from the point of view of currency of the average foreign buyer (the so-called foreign currency index), the graph tells a different story. As a result of a weakening dollar, between 1985 and 1996 the average price of U.S. exports, in foreign currency terms, tended to moderate and the value of exports more than doubled. However, between 1996 and 2002 the value of manufacturing exports rose only 13 percent, coinciding with a significant increase in the average foreign currency price of U.S. exports due to the strengthening of the dollar.
  23. 23. A decade ago, the dollar began to depreciate. Between 2002 and 2008, the dollar depreciated nearly 30 percent compared with the price of a market basket of major currencies, and U.S. manufacturing exports increased considerably, jumping nearly 80 percent during the same timeframe. On the import side, however, the impact of exchange rates, trade prices, and trade flows was not as clear. Even as the dollar began to weaken and import prices started to climb around 2002, in parallel with domestic prices, the value of manufactured imports continued to grow. Perhaps the key here is to differentiate trade and exchange rate patterns by locality. As can be seen in the chart, import prices of manufactured goods from industrialized nations to the United States rose as the dollar declined from 2004 to 2008 (and earlier years, not shown). In contrast, during this same time, the dollar moved very little against the Chinese yuan, and correspondingly, prices for imports from China barely moved.
  24. 24. The current elevation of the unemployment rate is entirely due to long- term unemployment. In December 2013, the unemployment rate for workers unemployed 26 weeks or less fell to lower than its average in the 2001-07 period, while the unemployment rate for workers unemployed 27 weeks or more remained higher than at any time prior to the Great Recession. But the long-term unemployment rate has declined by 1.1 percentage points in the last two years, a steeper decline than the 0.5 percentage point drop in the short-term unemployment rate over that period (Figure 2-24).
  25. 25. Personal income was unchanged in December after rising by just 0.2% in November and falling by 0.1% in October. Wages, the biggest component, failed to grow in the month, while proprietors’ income fell. Disposable income declined marginally. Consumer spending rose by 0.4% in the month, with durables spending falling by 1.8% but non- durables spending rising by 1.5%. The consumer deflator rose by 0.2% in the month, with the result that spending increased by 0.2% in real terms. The core deflator rose by just 0.1%, for the sixth month in succession, bringing its year-to rate up slightly, to a still- benign 1.2% (see chart). With consumer spending outpacing income growth, the saving rate fell again, to just 3.9%, the lowest it has been since January 2013.
  26. 26. In 2011, the 20 largest U.S.-based companies by revenue were Walmart, ExxonMobil, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Fannie Mae, General Electric, Berkshire Hathaway, General Motors, Ford Motor Company, Hewlett-Packard, AT&T, Cargill, McKesson Corporation, Bank of America, Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, Apple Inc., Verizon, JPMorgan Chase, and Cardinal Health. In 2011, four of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization were American: Exxon Mobil, Apple Inc., Chevron Corporation, and Microsoft. The leading companies operating in the field, their percentage share of the market Notable companies and markets
  27. 27. RANK CORPORATION REVENUE $ millions 2012 PROFIT $ millions 2012[ ASSETS 12/31/12 DEBT RATIO 12/31/12 HEADQUART ERS EMPLOYEES 2012 MARKET CAP 4/1/13 $ billions INDUSTRY 1 Exxon Mobil 454,926 41,060 334 50% Irving, TX 99,100 403 Energy 2 Wal-Mart Stores 446,950 15,699 203 62% Bentonville, AR 2,200,000 246 Retail 3 Chevron 245,621 26,895 233 41% San Ramon, CA 61,189 230 Energy 4 ConocoPhillips 245,621 12,436 117 59% Houston, TX 29,800 73 Energy 5 General Motors 150,476 9,190 149 76% Detroit, MI 202,000 38 Auto 6 General Electric 147,616 14,151 685 82% Fairfield, Connecticut 301,000 240 Diversified 7 Berkshire Hathaway 143,688 10,254 427 56% Omaha, NE 288,500 259 Diversified 8 Fannie Mae 137,451 −16,855 3,221 99% Washington D.C. 7,300 1 Finance 9 Ford Motor 136,264 20,213 190 91% Dearborn, MI 164,000 50 Auto 10 Hewlett-Packard 127,245 7,074 108 80% Palo Alto, CA 350,610 43 Computers
  28. 28. If Wal-Mart was a country, it would be the 26th largest economy in the world, with the global grocery giant registering sales of $466.1 billion in 2012. According to Fortune Global 500 list in 2013, Wal-Mart is the second largest public corporation in the world and the biggest employer with more than two million members of staff; it is also the world’s largest retailer. When you Google: “What makes Wal-Mart so successful?” the top eight responses are related to the efficacy of its supply chain. When it comes to consumer demand within the grocery sector, end price plays a huge role – Wal-Mart has been able to drive down the price of its products through streamlined operations and meticulous waste management and thus attracts more customers. The retail giant held on to the top spot on the Fortune 500, edging out Exxon Mobil for the second year in a row. For fiscal year 2014, Wal- Mart’s net sales totaled $473.1 billion, up 1.6% from the year-earlier period. While its sales grew domestically, Wal-Mart said the expiration of a payroll tax cut, reductions in the U.S. food stamp program, and poor winter weather hurt its results. But in the U.S., Wal-Mart is bullish about its plans to open even more small stores, which compete with drugstores and small grocery stores.
  29. 29. Key Financials $ Millions % change Revenues 476,294 1.5% Profits 16,022 -5.7% Total Assets 204,751 Total Shareholder Equity 76,255 Market Value (on March 31, 2014) 246,805.90 Profit as a % of Sales 3.4 Assets 7.8 Stockholders' Equity 21 Earnings Per Share Earnings Per Share ($) 4.88 EPS % Change (from 2012) -2.8 EPS % Change (5 year) 7.6 EPS % Change (10 year) 9 Total Return to Investors % Total Return to Investors 17.5 Total Return to Investors (5 year, annualized) 9.6 Total Return to Investors (10 year, annualized) 6
  30. 30. Thank You References: • • • • • expectations • unemployment-is-killing-us/ •