Successfully reported this slideshow.
The Public Sphere 2.0
1: Are you using the Internet ?
a: Once a week
b: Several times a week
c: Once a day or more
(d: ”All the time”)
2: Are you using Social Networking Sites?
e: Local variants (Vkontakte, StudiVZ etc)
f: Topical variants (LinkedIn, Acadmia)
0: Do you want to participate in a short survey? 4 Questions
3: Do you share information on the Internet?
a: Discussions online - Newsgroup
b: Homepage - Blog
c: Social Networking Sites
d: Colaborated encyclopedi (wikipedia, )
e: Consumer reviews - Ratings
4: Do you use Web services in your research work?
a: Search Engines
b: Social Networking Sites
c: Colaborated encyclopedi
The Public Sphere
Jürgen Habermas (1929 - )
Nic*Rad @ Flickr
Influenced by Adorno, Horkheimer
(Frankfurt IfSR), Kant, Marx, Hegel
University of Marburg, University of
Heidelberg, Max Planck in Starnberg
7th most cited author in humanities
(Times Higher Education Guide)
STATE PUBLIC SPHERE PRIVATE LIFE
”The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere”
(1962 & 1989)
- Decline of the public spheres and democracy.
- Sphere of manipulations (PR, advertisers, NGO)
- Spectator politics through media.
- Corporations take over the institutions of
- Commodification of news media
- Control by mass media
- Consumer citizens / clients
18th & 19th Century 1900s and onward Now and beyond
Number of newspaper
Success criterion for Public sphere
• the extent of access (as close to universal as
• the degree of autonomy (the citizens must be
free of coercion)
• the rejection of hierarchy (so that each might
participate on an equal footing)
• the rule of law (particularly the subordination of
• and the quality of participation (the common
commitment to the ways of logic)
News: Journalists, Editors, Bloggers
Politics: Parties, Politicians, Institutions, NGO
Companies: Marketing division, Employers, CEOs
Private persons: Readers, contributors, active
Activity, practices, opinions