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The Public Sphere 2.0
@olovholm
#unsphere
lovholm.net
Informal Survey
1: Are you using the Internet ?
a: Once a week
b: Several times a week
c: Once a day or more
(d: ”All the ...
3: Do you share information on the Internet?
a: Discussions online - Newsgroup
b: Homepage - Blog
c: Social Networking Sit...
The Public Sphere
Jürgen Habermas (1929 - )
Nic*Rad @ Flickr
German Philospher
Critical Theory
Communicative rationality
P...
Theoretical Foundation
STATE PUBLIC SPHERE PRIVATE LIFE
”The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere”
(1962 & 1989)
- Decline of the public spheres and democracy.
- Sphere...
18th & 19th Century 1900s and onward Now and beyond
?
Many newspapers,
Open discussions,
Rationality,
Arguments,
Concensus...
Success criterion for Public sphere
• the extent of access (as close to universal as
possible)
• the degree of autonomy (t...
Investigation
Who:
News: Journalists, Editors, Bloggers
Politics: Parties, Politicians, Institutions, NGO
Companies: Marke...
The public sphere 2.0
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The public sphere 2.0

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The public sphere 2.0

  1. 1. The Public Sphere 2.0 @olovholm #unsphere lovholm.net
  2. 2. Informal Survey 1: Are you using the Internet ? a: Once a week b: Several times a week c: Once a day or more (d: ”All the time”) 2: Are you using Social Networking Sites? a: Facebook b: Twitter c: MySpace d: Flickr e: Local variants (Vkontakte, StudiVZ etc) f: Topical variants (LinkedIn, Acadmia) 0: Do you want to participate in a short survey? 4 Questions
  3. 3. 3: Do you share information on the Internet? a: Discussions online - Newsgroup b: Homepage - Blog c: Social Networking Sites d: Colaborated encyclopedi (wikipedia, ) e: Consumer reviews - Ratings 4: Do you use Web services in your research work? a: Search Engines b: Social Networking Sites c: Colaborated encyclopedi d: Blogs
  4. 4. The Public Sphere Jürgen Habermas (1929 - ) Nic*Rad @ Flickr German Philospher Critical Theory Communicative rationality Public Sphere Influenced by Adorno, Horkheimer (Frankfurt IfSR), Kant, Marx, Hegel University of Marburg, University of Heidelberg, Max Planck in Starnberg 7th most cited author in humanities (Times Higher Education Guide)
  5. 5. Theoretical Foundation STATE PUBLIC SPHERE PRIVATE LIFE
  6. 6. ”The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere” (1962 & 1989) - Decline of the public spheres and democracy. - Sphere of manipulations (PR, advertisers, NGO) - Spectator politics through media. - Corporations take over the institutions of communication - Commodification of news media - Control by mass media - Consumer citizens / clients
  7. 7. 18th & 19th Century 1900s and onward Now and beyond ? Many newspapers, Open discussions, Rationality, Arguments, Concensus Number of newspaper decreased, Closed governments Institutionalized
  8. 8. Success criterion for Public sphere • the extent of access (as close to universal as possible) • the degree of autonomy (the citizens must be free of coercion) • the rejection of hierarchy (so that each might participate on an equal footing) • the rule of law (particularly the subordination of the state) • and the quality of participation (the common commitment to the ways of logic) (Rutherford)
  9. 9. Investigation Who: News: Journalists, Editors, Bloggers Politics: Parties, Politicians, Institutions, NGO Companies: Marketing division, Employers, CEOs Private persons: Readers, contributors, active citizens, What: Activity, practices, opinions

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