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How short can you make learning?

This slidedeck introduces the core concepts of microlearning as a learning experience design approach for seamless learning. It particularly covers the fundamental underpinning of Minimal Independent Feedback Loops and how the microlearning activities are integrated into and orchestrated in more complex learning experiences using xAPI and learning analytics.

The abbreviated deck has been presented as a lecture at the EATEL Summer School 2018 in Durres, Albania.

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How short can you make learning?

  1. 1. How short can you make learning? @phish108 lo-f.at/glahn slidesha.re/phish108 youtube.com/cpglahn Dr. Christian Glahn EATEL JTEL Summer School 2018
  2. 2. @phish108 Learning Experience Design
  3. 3. @phish108 Mobile experiencesOnline experiences Out of class experiences Inclass experiences
  4. 4. @phish108 Mobile experiencesOnline experiences Out of class experiences Inclass experiences Seamless Learning connect the experience contexts
  5. 5. ! " # $% & ' Collaboration Communication Tasks Assessment & Grading Identity & Preferences Resources ( Tracking & Orchestration @phish108 Seamless Learning focuses on the dynamics of learning across contexts
  6. 6. Guide students to reach their potential Support student achievement
  7. 7. @phish108 Time on task is a core factor for student achievement
  8. 8. @phish108 How can we increase the student’s time on task across or in new contexts?
  9. 9. @phish108 Microlearning
  10. 10. @phish108 Microlearning deals with relatively small learning units and short-term learning activities. Generally, the term "microlearning" refers to micro-perspectives in the context of learning, education and training. More frequently, the term is used in the domain of e-learning and related fields in the sense of a new paradigmatic perspective on learning processes in mediated environments. wikipedia.org
  11. 11. @phish108 It’s easy to assume that microlearning simply refers to bite-sized training assets. But microlearning means more than just small. Microlearning is not only compact—it’s also focused, offering just the right amount of information necessary to help a learner achieve a specific, actionable objective. This makes microlearning in business contexts especially valuable. https://www.allencomm.com/resource/what-is-microlearning/
  12. 12. @phish108 Microlearning (a.k.a. micro learning or micro-learning) is an emergent learning strategy known for quickly closing skill and knowledge gaps. Microlearning has a few consistent features. Brevity: Microlearning events are short, though there is no defined duration. Granularity: Due to their brevity and purpose, microlearning focuses on a narrow topic, concept or idea. Variety: Microlearning content can be in the form of a presentation, activity, game, discussion, video, quiz, book chapter, or any other format from which someone learns. http://theelearningcoach.com/elearning2-0/what-is-microlearning/
  13. 13. @phish108 Microlearning aims at extending time on task by utilizing “waste time” through micro activities and not at learning quickly Microlearning's key concepts are Performance, Spacing, and Motivation Glahn, Gassler, & Hug (2004)
  14. 14. @phish108 Microlearning activities need to be easy to start and fast to complete. Microlearning relies on Minimal Independent Feedback Loops consisting of a Task, Action, and Feedback as well as their arrangement. http://lo-f.at/glahn/2017/06/micro-learning-in-the-workplace- and-how-to-avoid-getting-fooled-by-micro-instructionists.html Glahn (2013)
  15. 15. @phish108 Minimal Independent Feedback Loop = Smallest activity that maintain the task-action-feedback structure
  16. 16. @phish108 Feedback Loops
  17. 17. @phish108 Cognitive System External Feedback Performance Tasks Filters Knowledge & Beliefs Domain Knowledge Strategy Knowledge Motivational Beliefs Goals Tactics & Strategies Products Monitoring Cue 1 Cue 2 ... Butler & Winne (1995) TEL and teachers are here
  18. 18. @phish108 Experience Knowledge Response Behaviour Actor Monitoring / Assessment Judgement / Reflection Glahn (2009) ! personal interventions
  19. 19. @phish108 Independent
  20. 20. @phish108 create debate receive practice create debate practiceThe classic chain of events
  21. 21. @phish108 create debate receive practice create debate practice Independent activitiesdon’t depend on their arrangement
  22. 22. @phish108 create debate receive practice create debate practice Some activities do not work fully independently
  23. 23. @phish108 Minimal
  24. 24. @phish108 debate Brainstorming
  25. 25. @phish108 debate create receivedebate outcomes outcomes Complexity layers
  26. 26. @phish108 practice Tests and Quizzes
  27. 27. @phish108 practice outcomes outcomes
  28. 28. @phish108 outcomes outcomes feedback feedback
  29. 29. @phish108 Are microlearning activities different to other learning activities?
  30. 30. @phish108 Microlearning activities are no different to other learning activities! But ... - Reducing them further breaks the feedback loop - They must minimize setup activities - The must not leave a task uncompleted
  31. 31. @phish108 Making things work Experience Knowledge Response Behaviour Monitoring / Assessment Judgement / Reflection
  32. 32. @phish108 The steps of designing microlearning experiences 1. Minimizing the individual activities 2. Aggregating the outcomes
  33. 33. @phish108 Minimizing the Activities practice
  34. 34. @phish108Mobler App
  35. 35. @phish108Mobler App Design Analytics for feedback Analytics for orchestration Design
  36. 36. @phish108 The technical framework for orchestrating microlearning activities
  37. 37. @phish108xAPI Specification LRS Learning Analytics Engine Activity Sensors Event Handler Activity Stream Dashboard UI Orchestration Activity Consumer Notifications Feedback
  38. 38. @phish108 ActivityActivityy Activity A Context Actor Verb Object Result TimeAuthority xAPI Statements
  39. 39. @phish108 ActivityActivityy Activity A Context Actor Verb Object Result TimeAuthority allows analyticson each or alldimensions
  40. 40. @phish108 VLE/LMS Microlearning Environment LRS Learning Analytics Engine Activity Sensors Event Handler Activity Stream Dashboard UI Orchestration Notifications LRS Learning Analytics Engine Event Handler Activity Stream Dashboard UI Orchestration Activity Consumer Notifications Feedback Feedback integratingmicrolearning
  41. 41. @phish108 Aggregating the Outcomes practice outcomes outcomes … and shape complex experiences
  42. 42. @phish108 Feedback Dashboards and Badges
  43. 43. @phish108 The Advancing Online Course
  44. 44. @phish108 Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … TEST Personalisation Strategies grouping
  45. 45. @phish108 Role play and Case-studies Integrating different information
  46. 46. @phish108 Take Away List Learning experiences have structure and dynamics across complexity layers Identify the minimal (independent) feedback loops of your learning experience designs Build and retain coherency across complexity layers of your learning experiences Use tracking and analytics for orchestrating your learning experiences

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