Idea of physical objects
communicating and interacting with each
Extends internet connectivity
beyond traditional devices like desktop
and laptop computers, smartphones and
tablets to a diverse range of devices and
everyday things that utilize embedded
technology to communicate and interact
with the external environment, all via the
Kevin Ashton, co-founder and executive director
of the Auto-ID Center, is credited with coining
the term the Internet of Things.
Currently, there are more than 12 billion
devices that can connect to the Internet.
online network of physical objects is
accomplished through the use of RFID tags
and other types of sensors.
Implanting these tags inside a physical object
gives it the power to be monitored and
controlled remotely through the Internet.
eliminates the need for humans to constantly
enter and monitor data.
Object interacting digitally
Radio-frequency identification (RFID)
INTELLIGENT BAR CODES
wireless non-contact use of radio-frequency
electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the
purposes of automatically identifying and
tracking tags attached to objects.
chip typically is capable of carrying 2,000 bytes
of data or less.
RFID tags that contain their own power
source are known as active tags. Those
without a power source are known as passive
RFID tagging is somewhat controversial
because the tags could theoretically be cloned
or used for illicit tracking.
Wearable computer with an optical
head-mounted display (OHMD) that is
being developed by Google
Displays information in a
smartphone-like hands-free format,that
can communicate with the Internet via
natural language voice commands.
computerized wristwatch with
functionality that is enhanced beyond
timekeeping, and is often comparable
to a personal digital assistant (PDA)
device, modern smartwatches are
effectively wearable computers.
Monitoring of parking spaces
availability in the city.
Intelligent and weather adaptive
lighting in street lights.
Detection of rubbish levels in optimize
the trash collection routes.
Intelligent Highways with warning
messages and diversions according to
climate conditions and unexpected
events like accidents or traffic jams.
Distributed control in specific places of
Monitoring of conditions of patients
inside hospitals and in old people's
Smart devices connected on a social
network for machines will help homes
breach of privacy,
there is always the possibility of hackers breaking
into the system and stealing the data.
over-reliance on technology,
No system is robust and fault-free.
the loss of jobs.
will have a devastating impact on the employment
prospects of less-educated workers