This presentation is made for school health awareness programme on antibiotic resistance. This includes introduction to antibiotics, antibiotic save lives, side effect of antibiotic, and detail about antibiotic resistance. This presentation is mostly focus on antibiotic resistance prevention.
Antibiotics are the medicines that are used to
kill bacteria and certain parasites which can
cause illness and disease.
Antibiotics are the miracle drug of 20th
Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered by
Alexander Fleming in 1928.
Antibiotics have ability to control infection.
Antibiotics are used in human and animals to treat and
Antibiotics are also used in food animals and agriculture for
Oral antibiotics (tablets, capsules or syrup, suspension)
Used for mild to moderate infections in the body
Topical antibiotics (creams, lotions, sprays or drops)
which are often used to treat eye, ear and skin
Injections of antibiotics ( Injection)
Usually used for more serious infections
Types of Antibiotics
Do Antibiotics Work for all Diseases ???
No, antibiotics does not work against infections that are caused by
Viruses. Some examples
– Varicella (chicken pox)
– Rubella (German measles)
– The common cold
Antibiotics Save Lives…
Antibiotics are truly miracle drugs that have saved
countless millions of lives.
Since 1942 penicillin saved at least 200 millions
Between 1944 and 1972 human life expectancy
lumped by eight years –an increase largely
created to the introduction of antibiotics.
BUT Too Much of Everything is as bad as too little
Side Effects of antibiotic
Bloating and indigestion
Loss of appetite
Itching skin rashes
Life threatening allergic reaction
The most common side effects of antibiotics are:
What is Antibiotic Resistance???
Antibiotic resistance is resistance of a microorganism to an
antimicrobial drug that was originally effective for
treatment of infections caused by it.
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to resist the
effect of an antibiotic
Overuse and misuse of antibiotic will bring
Why is Antimicrobial Resistance a Global
New resistance mechanisms emerge and spread globally
threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases,
resulting in death and disability of individuals who until
recently could continue a normal course of life.
Without effective anti-infective treatment, many standard
medical treatments will fail or turn into very high risk
Situation of Antibiotics Resistance
Up to 50,000 lives are lost each
year to antibiotic-resistant
infections in Europe and the US
Globally, at least 700,000 die each
year of drug resistance in illnesses
such as bacterial infections,
malaria, HIV/Aids or tuberculosis.
In South East Asian Region,
millions of people are risk of
The current global antibiotic resistance crisis is the result
of six factors:
1. Over-prescribing and dispensing of antibiotics by health
2. Patients not finishing their full treatment course of
3. The over-use of antibiotics in livestock and fish farming
4. Poor infection control in hospitals and clinics
5. Lack of hygiene and poor sanitation
6. Lack of new antibiotics being developed
Health Impacts of Antibiotic Resistance
Longer duration of illness
Treatment with expensive drugs
Increased burden on health system
Health Impacts of Antibiotic Resistance Cont..
Negates technological advances in medical sector
Transplantations and other interventions
Patient acts as reservoir of resistant organisms which are passed to
community and health-care workers
Antibiotic resistance can be reduced by Infection Prevention and control
through: Hand washing Better hygiene
Access to clean water Environmental cleanings
Infection control in health-care
Vaccination–to reduce the need for
Avoiding close contact to sick person to prevent transmission of infections
Antibiotics should be the last line of defense