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School health awareness programme22

This presentation is made for school health awareness programme on antibiotic resistance. This includes introduction to antibiotics, antibiotic save lives, side effect of antibiotic, and detail about antibiotic resistance. This presentation is mostly focus on antibiotic resistance prevention.

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School health awareness programme22

  1. 1. School Health Awareness Program on Antibiotic Resistance GARP Nepal Nepal Public Health Foundation
  2. 2. Do you know about antibiotics??
  3. 3. Introduction  Antibiotics are the medicines that are used to kill bacteria and certain parasites which can cause illness and disease.  Antibiotics are the miracle drug of 20th century.  Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928.  Antibiotics have ability to control infection.
  4. 4. Introduction cont.…  Antibiotics are used in human and animals to treat and prevent diseases  Antibiotics are also used in food animals and agriculture for growth promotion
  5. 5. Oral antibiotics (tablets, capsules or syrup, suspension)  Used for mild to moderate infections in the body Topical antibiotics (creams, lotions, sprays or drops)  which are often used to treat eye, ear and skin infections Injections of antibiotics ( Injection)  Usually used for more serious infections Types of Antibiotics
  6. 6. Do Antibiotics Work for all Diseases ??? No, antibiotics does not work against infections that are caused by Viruses. Some examples – Varicella (chicken pox) – Rubella (German measles) – The common cold – Hepatitis – Mumps
  7. 7. Antibiotics Save Lives…  Antibiotics are truly miracle drugs that have saved countless millions of lives.  Since 1942 penicillin saved at least 200 millions  Between 1944 and 1972 human life expectancy lumped by eight years –an increase largely created to the introduction of antibiotics.
  8. 8. BUT Too Much of Everything is as bad as too little
  9. 9. Side Effects of antibiotic Diarrhea Bloating and indigestion Abdominal pain Loss of appetite Vomiting Itching skin rashes Coughing Life threatening allergic reaction Thrush (candidiasis) The most common side effects of antibiotics are:
  10. 10. Antibiotic Resistance
  11. 11. What is Antibiotic Resistance???  Antibiotic resistance is resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial drug that was originally effective for treatment of infections caused by it.  Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to resist the effect of an antibiotic
  12. 12. Overuse and misuse of antibiotic will bring Antibiotic Resistance
  13. 13. Antibiotic Resistances from Farm to Table
  14. 14. Why is Antimicrobial Resistance a Global Concern?  New resistance mechanisms emerge and spread globally threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases, resulting in death and disability of individuals who until recently could continue a normal course of life.  Without effective anti-infective treatment, many standard medical treatments will fail or turn into very high risk procedures.
  15. 15. Situation of Antibiotics Resistance  Up to 50,000 lives are lost each year to antibiotic-resistant infections in Europe and the US alone  Globally, at least 700,000 die each year of drug resistance in illnesses such as bacterial infections, malaria, HIV/Aids or tuberculosis.  In South East Asian Region, millions of people are risk of resistant parasites.
  16. 16. The current global antibiotic resistance crisis is the result of six factors: 1. Over-prescribing and dispensing of antibiotics by health workers 2. Patients not finishing their full treatment course of antibiotics 3. The over-use of antibiotics in livestock and fish farming 4. Poor infection control in hospitals and clinics 5. Lack of hygiene and poor sanitation 6. Lack of new antibiotics being developed
  17. 17. Health Impacts of Antibiotic Resistance  Longer duration of illness  Longer treatment  Higher mortality  Treatment with expensive drugs  Increased burden on health system
  18. 18. Health Impacts of Antibiotic Resistance Cont..  Negates technological advances in medical sector  Complex surgeries  Transplantations and other interventions  Patient acts as reservoir of resistant organisms which are passed to community and health-care workers
  19. 19. What can be done???
  20. 20. What can you do???
  21. 21.  Antibiotic resistance can be reduced by Infection Prevention and control through:  Hand washing  Better hygiene  Access to clean water  Environmental cleanings  Infection control in health-care facilities  Vaccination–to reduce the need for antibiotics  Avoiding close contact to sick person to prevent transmission of infections Antibiotics should be the last line of defense
  22. 22. Antibiotic resistance comic….
  23. 23. Antibiotics are a precious resource