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Yoga introduction


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What is Yoga?
Derived from the Sanskrit word yuj, Yoga means union of the individual consciousness or soul with the Universal Consciousness or Spirit. Yoga is a 5000-year-old Indian body of knowledge. Though many think of yoga only as a physical exercise where people twist, turn, stretch, and breathe in the most complex ways, these are actually only the most superficial aspect of this profound science of unfolding the infinite potentials of the human mind and soul. The science of Yoga imbibes the complete essence of the Way of Life.

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Yoga introduction

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  2. 2. Yoga for Health A Practical approach on Yoga Presented by Viswa Manavata Samstha Service to Man is Service to God Email:
  3. 3. 3 Yoga for Health Objectives of the session - To give a simplified view on Yoga for your adoptability - 15 min effective exercise to keep yourself healthy and for stress management - Tips and Techniques for get rid of common problems
  4. 4. 4 Yoga for Health Simplified View ➢ Wake up : Early ➢ Clean up : Drink 1.5 litters water in early morning ➢ Warm up : Surya Namaskaras ➢ Stretch up: Asanas ➢ Fresh up : Pranayama ➢ Joy up : Meditation
  5. 5. 5 Yoga for Health Tips & Techniques to get rid of common problems: - Cold / Head ache / Cough -> Clean Nostrils regularly with warm & salt water (Jalanethi Kriya) - Constipation -> Pavanamuktasan, Sankaprakshalan, Bhastrika - Obesity -> Surya Namaskaras (2 times a day) - Asthma -> Bhujangasan, Matyasan, Kapalabati - Stress -> Pranayama - Back pains -> Padothasan, Navasana, Naukasan - BP - > Savasan, Sidhilasan, Makarasan, Meditation - Diabetic -> Ardhamstendrasan, Salabasan, Pranayam, Meditation
  6. 6. 6 Yoga for Health Agenda ☞ Introduction ☞ Benefits ☞ Astanga Yoga ☞ Challenges ☞ Asanas Practice ☞ Surya Namaskaras ☞ Pranayama & Dhyana Practice ☞ Cleaning Techniques
  7. 7. Yoga for Health Chitha vruthi Nirodaha Yogaha -Pathanjali Yogasu Karmasu Kousalaha - Bhagavadh Gita "Yoga is the World's most ancient science. Modern Research confirms its discoveries." Pathanjali (around 200BC) the great saint written Yoga sutras & shared his knowledge and experience to the rest of the world
  8. 8. Yoga for Health Benefits • Reduces stress • Increases vitality, energy, relaxation • Increases blood circulation • Keeps joints juicy, increases muscle strength around joints to support under pressure • Improves strength and flexibility which reduces the risk of injury, or re-injury • Improves immunity (i.e. getting sick less often, if at all) • Can reduce the symptoms of many chronic diseases (e.g. arthritis and thyroid disorders) • A sense of well being that spreads into your daily life.
  9. 9. Astanga Yoga (eight fold Yoga) ☞ Yama ☞ Niyama ☞ Asana ☞ Pranayama ☞ Pratyahara ☞ Dharana ☞ Dhyana ☞ Samadhi
  10. 10. Yama (The five Commandments for Social Discipline) 1. Ahimsa (Non-violence), 2. Satya (Truth) 3. Asteya ( Non-stealing) 4. Aparigraha (None-accumulation of wealth etc..) 5. Brahmacharya (Continence / Celibacy) The society is at peace if these social restraints are practiced by every citizen. Astanga Yoga (eight fold Yoga)
  11. 11. Niyama (Five commandments for personal discipline) 1. Saucha (cleanliness) 2. Santosha (Contentment) 3. Tapas ( the endurance to face the pairs of opposites such as heat and cold; joy and sorrow; regard and disregard etc) 4. Swadhyaya (Self Study) 5. Ishwarapranidhana ( Dedication / Surrender to god and work without selfish motives and work not for praise) Astanga Yoga
  12. 12. Asana (the body postures or poses) • Asana ( the posture) is the third step in yoga. • Patanjali says “Stira sukham asanam” Posture which is firm and pleasant • Practice of yogasanas eliminates all impurities from the body • keeps the body in good health & free from any disease. Astanga Yoga
  13. 13. Pranayama (control of vital energy of the body) • Pranayama helps in restraining and regulating the breath. • Whenever the mind is disturbed, breathing becomes irregular. Rhythmic breathing calms down the mind. • Pranayama is an integral limb of Yoga. • Pranayama should be practiced under the supervision of a competent teacher. • Pranayama is an intermediate step which if practiced well, leads to other higher steps of yoga such as pratyahara, Dharana etc.. Astanga Yoga
  14. 14. Pratyahara (control of senses) pratyahara (negation) is willful control of senses of sight, sound, smell, taste and touch. Well practiced pratyahara leads one to achieve the higher step of Dharana. Dharana (concentration) Dharana is connection of the mind to a particular object. Astanga Yoga
  15. 15. Dhyana ( Meditation) Dhyana also known as meditation is the constant flow of thought. This is the ultimate step which of practiced well leads to the highest step called samadhi. Samadhi (Super-conscious stage) Samadhi is super-conscious stage the highest step in Yoga. In this state one enjoys eternal bliss. Astanga Yoga
  16. 16. Obstacles to Yoga Practice: There are certain obstacles which hamper regular practice of yoga. Hence Yoga practie does not continue at the same pace with all the Sadhkas (aspirants of yoga) There are mainly nine distractions or obstacles in the practice of Yoga. Sage Patanjali has enunciated them as 1. Vyadhi (ill health) 2. Styana (Unprepared ness) 3. Samshaya (Doubt) 4. Pramada (Indifference) 5. Alasya (Laziness) 6. Avirati (Entanglement in Sense Objects) 7. Bhrantidarshana (Illusion) 8. Alabdha Bhumikatva (Lack of Stability) 9. Anavasthitathva (Slackness in Practice) One must overcome these obstacles by developing enthusiasm in Yoga to establish firmly in the Yoga Practice.
  17. 17. 17 Cleaning Techniques ✓ Jalanethi ✓ Sutranethi ✓ Jaladhouthi ✓ Sankha prakshalana ✓ Right way of drinking water
  18. 18. Pre-cautions & Recommendations • Asanas should be practiced with empty stomach • Asanas should not be practiced immediately after meal (accept Vajrasan) • Initially practice under guidance of Guru. Follow instructions. • Proceed slowly/carefully Never force or strain to get into a specific position. • Relax briefly between each practice • If the position is uncomfortable, don't do it • Never practice any yoga techniques under the influence of alcohol/mind altering drugs • If you are pregnant, notify the instructor for special guidelines • Take bath before Yoga or with 30 min gap after yoga
  19. 19. Surya Namaskara
  20. 20. Asanas (Postures) • Any steady posture which gives comfort to the body is known as asana (Sthira sukham Asanam). • Asanas generally named after the birds, animals and other objects depending up on the similarity of the postures. • It is said that 84,00,000 of Asanas commensurate with all the species on the earth including in the sea. • One should select and practice Asanas according to one’s capacity.
  21. 21. Asanas (Postures)
  22. 22. Pranayama / Dhyana Practice………..