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Methods, approaches and techniques of teaching english


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Its a simple presentation made by me for primary and secondary teachers in India.
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Methods, approaches and techniques of teaching english

  1. 1. Methods, Approaches andTechniques of Teaching English Presentation by:- Shri. Dnyaneshwar Khodave M.A.(Eng), M.Ed., SET Shardabai Pawar College of Education for Women, Shardanagar.
  2. 2. Methods of Teaching English• Grammar Translation Method• Direct Method• Bilingual Method• Eclectic Method
  3. 3. Grammar Translation Method• Old method• Useful to teach classical language• Word to word translation• Word is unit of teaching• No use of AV aids• No practice of speaking• No direct bond between thought and expression
  4. 4. Direct Method• Reaction against Translation method• NO use of Marathi language• Expert Teachers are required• Use of AV aids compulsory• Practice of Speaking important• Not useful of ordinary teachers• Not useful for crowed classes
  5. 5. Bilingual Method• Use of Marathi by Teacher only• Pattern Practice• Not burden on teachers• Fluency in speaking• Easy understanding of ideas, concepts• Use of language habits already acquired
  6. 6. Eclectic Method• Choice of different method• Frequent changes in methods• Can teach any aspect• Flexibility in implementation• Doesn’t require extra source material• Skilled teacher can integrate all the best points
  7. 7. Approaches of Teaching English• Structural Approach• Communicative Approach• Situational Approach• Aural – oral Approach• Multi-skill Approach• Eclectic Approach
  8. 8. Structural Approach• Sentence Structures are more important• Useful for lower classes• Emphasis on speech & ample practice• Stresses habit formation• Learner active participant• Drill and repetitions are important• Teaches four-fold skills
  9. 9. Communicative Approach• Develops speech habits of the students• Stresses most of the skill of language• Activities are important• Student Centered• Teacher is facilitator, manager, guide• No interference of grammar• Functional side of language is important
  10. 10. Multi-Skill Approach• Linguistic Skills are important• Individual Skill developed• Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing• Individual Mastery• Skill based activities• Lot of practice• Logical sequence in selection of skills
  11. 11. Techniques of Teaching English• Listen and Act• Listen and Say – Individual / Group• Listen and Tell• Find difference• Listen and tell in short• Watch and say• Watch and act
  12. 12. Techniques of Teaching English• Say and Act• Find similarities• Find out• Watch and say – letters, words, phrases, sentences, passages