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Literacy development in Infants and Toddlers


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Exploring the literacy development in infants and toddlers, especially directed at Family Support Workers.

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Literacy development in Infants and Toddlers

  1. 1. LiteracyDevelopment in Infants and Toddlers
  2. 2. What kind of development?• Neural Development• Attachment• Oral Language Development• Motivation• Early Literacy Skills (Growing Readers High/Scope) – Comprehension – Phonological Awareness – Alphabetic Principle – Concepts about Print
  3. 3. How to support development• Talk and sing to your baby or toddler• Take them places, show them things, help them learn about the world around them• Have a consistent, positive routine• Share books with them…but how?
  4. 4. How do you help parents get started sharing books with their babies?• Think like Maslow.• Have age-appropriate expectations.• Choose the right books.• Have fun!
  5. 5. Your client makes thesestatements.How would you answer her andwhere on Maslow’s pyramidwould you find the answer?
  6. 6. What to expect , when…• As with any other kind of development, there is a wide range of time when each child develops a skill.• Studies have shown that babies can hear an recognize stories even before they are born.• What is possible?
  7. 7. Much More Than ABCs book behaviors in an ASQ timeline“How a particular baby interactswith a particular book at aparticular time depends on • Look over the behaviors your• that baby’s style of interacting table has with the world in general,• on the baby’s past book- • Decide when you might see playing and book- reading this behavior in an infant or experiences, toddler• on the characteristics of the books at hand, and• on the general level of • Place the behavior on the development the baby has timeline achieved with respect to motor and language skills.” Much More Than ABC’s by Schickedanz, pg. 29
  8. 8. Books that work for babies■ Chewable books—soft plastic, fabric, washable■ Board books, or books with sturdy pages■ Books with simple, bold pictures with contrasting backgrounds (helps eyes focus)■ Rhyming books or books with simple songs (rhyme and repetition are soothing)■ Books showing familiar routines or characters (i.e. getting ready for bed—Goodnight Moon, eating, Elmo)■ Lift-the-Flap books (7 months and up)■ Point-and-Say books, where child can name objects (9 months and up)■ Touch-and-Feel books, like Pat the Bunny
  9. 9. Books that work for toddlers ■ Books with more detailed pictures and a few words on each page (i.e. I Spy Little books) ■ Story books about every day experiences—sitting on a potty chair, playing with a new toy, or leaving your toy at Grandma’s house, or bumping your head ■ Short stories like The Carrot Seed (toddlers need to move around) ■ Active books that invite them to dance, clap, and sing along ■ Predictable books where sentences repeat, words rhyme, or make simple patterns ■ Lift-the-Flap books ■ Touch-and-Feel books
  10. 10. Have Fun!
  11. 11. Book-Sharing Strategies Babies Toddlers• It’s never to early to start • Don’t give up because they• How to hold them and read are moving. Get ACTIVE!• Keep books handy • Keep books handy• Watch for cues • Let child choose, read + waves, kicks, reaches, frequently in short spurts focuses on you or book, smiles, • Repeat favorites! coos, grabs, points, makes happy sounds, turns pages • Watch for cues - Tightens muscles, looks + stays, listens, chimes in, away, whines, cries, pushes turns pages books away or closes it - squirms, wanders off, pays no attention, says “no!”
  12. 12. So how do you hold and infant and read at the same time?
  13. 13. The Golden RuleStop if you are not having fun.
  14. 14. Do you feel ready?• To explain to parents how literacy learning starts early?• To help “read their child” and choose the best times for book sharing?• To help them choose books that will work?• To show them how to actively engage their baby or toddler?• To answer their questions?
  15. 15. Questions or CommentsEileen Hanning703-528-8317 ext.