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Text analysis presentation ppt

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A presentation to remind students about the various language features of different text types.

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Text analysis presentation ppt

  1. 1. 1-2-3 Steps to Text Analysis
  2. 2. So, You've got a writing task due and your teacher's told you to choose 3 different texts and analyse their features...AND... COMPARE THEM TO THE CLASS TEXT! HUH?!!
  3. 3. DON'T PANIC!!!
  4. 4. Think 1 2 3 1, 2, 3
  5. 5. 1. WHAT is this text about? (subject/content)
  6. 6. 2. HOW does it create meaning? (language features/techniques)
  7. 7. 3.MAKE THE CONNECTIONS
  8. 8. 1. Considering the WHAT of a text
  9. 9. SUBJECT <ul><li>What is this text about? </li></ul><ul><li>What is it's subject? </li></ul><ul><li>Keep synopsis or plot summary BRIEF! </li></ul>
  10. 10. PURPOSE <ul><li>Is the PURPOSE to: </li></ul><ul><li>PERSUADE </li></ul><ul><li>INFORM </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATE </li></ul><ul><li>DESCRIBE </li></ul><ul><li>EVOKE EMOTION </li></ul><ul><li>COMBINATION OF ANY OR ALL OF THESE </li></ul>
  11. 11. MESSAGE <ul><li>Does the text carry an underlying message or moral? </li></ul>
  12. 12. CONTEXT <ul><li>What is the historical, social and/or political CONTEXT of the text? Of the composer? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the EFFECT or INFLUENCE of this on the text? </li></ul>
  13. 13. AUDIENCE <ul><li>Who is the text's AUDIENCE, and how does this influence the production of the text? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the AUDIENCE POSITIONED or made to feel in response to the text? How successful is the composer in doing so? </li></ul><ul><li>How might other responders' perceive this text? Why? How? </li></ul>
  14. 14. FORM <ul><li>What type of text is this? Narrative? Type of poem? Film? Website? </li></ul><ul><li>What MEDIUM is the text delivered through? </li></ul>
  15. 15. 2. HOW does this text CREATE meaning?
  16. 16. PROSE FICTION CHARACTERISATION THEMES STRUCTURE (PLOT, CHAPTERS, PARTS) TONE SYNTAX GRAMMAR VOCABULARY WORD CHOICE LANGUAGE (FORMAL, CASUAL, EMOTIVE) SYMBOLISM POINT OF VIEW VOICE
  17. 17. POETRY Clip art licensed from the Clip Art Gallery on DiscoverySchool.com FORM REPETITION <ul><li>FIGURATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Similes </li></ul><ul><li>Personification </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Assonance </li></ul>RHYME RHYTHM TONE VOICE JUXTAPOSITION PUNCTUATION
  18. 18. FILM CAMERA ANGLES CAMERA SHOTS EDITING LIGHTING SOUND MUSIC MISE EN SCENE CASTING MAKE-UP & COSTUMING DIALOGUE
  19. 19. DRAMA & PLAYS CHARACTERISATION THEMES STRUCTURE/PLOT PROPS COSTUMES SOUND MUSIC LIGHTING IRONY STAGE DIRECTIONS SYMBOLISM
  20. 20. SHAKESPEAREAN DRAMA Clip art licensed from the Clip Art Gallery on DiscoverySchool.com IRONY DRAMATIC IRONY RHETORICAL DEVICES IMAGERY LISTS PUNS & OTHER WORD PLAY PROSE v. BLANK VERSE SOLILOQUIES
  21. 21. VISUAL TEXTS COLOUR SHAPE VECTORS SYMBOLISM SALIENCE POSITIONING FONT & POINT SIZE LANGUAGE FEATURES INTER-TEXTUALITY TEXTURE
  22. 22. NEWS REPORT HEADLINES Puns Stereotypes Figures of Speech LAYOUT Columns Sub-headings Inverted Triangle Most important points to Least ACTION VERBS DIRECT SPEECH/ QUOTES Short paragraphs MAY BE PAST OR PRESENT TENSE DEPENDING ON MEDIUM GRAPHICS FOCUS ON THE 'WHAT' ASPECTS
  23. 23. FEATURE ARTICLES <ul><li>More in-depth, detailed focus, usually on contemporary social issues or newsworthy individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>May be more subjective than news reports – ie: composer's opinion influences their writing. Think CONTEXT and AUDIENCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Reader interest maintained through narrative techniques, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IRONY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HUMOUR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DESCRIPTIVE WRITING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMAGERY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANECDOTES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LESS FORMAL LANGUAGE/COLLOQUIAL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Layout features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catchy headlines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop quotes, to summarise and highlight </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. SPEECHES Alliteration Repetition Irony Emotive language Hyperbole Euphemism Imagery Metaphors Personification Onomatopoeia Similes Opposites Make sure you are familiar with ALL of these RHETORICAL devices.
  25. 25. 3. Make the connections WHAT DOES THE TEXT SAY ABOUT THE THEME OR CONCEPT YOU ARE STUDYING?
  26. 26. REMEMBER.... <ul><li>WHAT is the text about? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW does it create meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>CONNECT – What does it have in common, or have to say about the THEME or CONCEPT that is being studied? </li></ul>
  27. 27. FINE PRINT <ul><li>All effort has been made to use images which are either in the public domain, or with permission of the owner. </li></ul><ul><li>Other content is original, but based on various resources used and read over my teaching career. </li></ul>

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