The brain is static. Talent and giftedness are permanent.
The brain is malleable. Every time you learn something new, the brain forms new
• Those with a fixed mindset
view effort as a reflection of
• Hard work means “I don’t
get it, I’m unintelligent”
• Effort = lack of ability
• Those with a growth
mindset see effort as a
necessary part of success.
• They try harder when faced
with a setback.
• Effort = success.
• They use effort to overcome
• Those with a growth mindset tend to create
• Their goal is mastery and competence.
• Scores and marks reflect how they are doing now
and do not measure their potential.
• They create goals for learning in order to increase
performance and enjoyment and decrease
• People adopting a growth mindset tend to
generate other, and new, ways to do things.
• If one route doesn’t work they will try others.
• They will think ‘outside of the box’ to solve
problems because they believe that they ‘can’.
Learning helps our neurons GROW.
The more we learn, the more connections they
• Pay attention to learning
• Focus on what I am learning, rather than focusing on how
• Try out new ways of doing things and seek out
• Use self-motivating statements such as ‘ the harder it
gets the harder I try’.
• Try things that are challenging.
• It is not always important that know how to do something
1. Learn, Learn, Learn- It’s more important to learn than
get good grades, focus on learning and improving.
2. Realize hard workis key- Putting a lot of work and
effort into learning and working hard is key, seek
challenges, focus on strategies, effort, struggle and
persistence despite setbacks.
3. Set feedback- Capitalize on mistakes, confront
deficiencies, reflect on different strategies that work
and don’t work, focus on learning and improving
• How you interpret challenges, setbacks, and criticism is
• You can interpret them in a fixed mindset as signs that
your fixed talents or abilities are lacking.
• Or you can interpret them in a growth mindset as signs
that you need to ramp up your strategies and effort,
stretch yourself, and expand your abilities.
• It’s up to you.
THE FIXED-MINDSET says: THE GROWTH-MINDSET answers:
“Are you sure you can do it? Maybe you
don’t have the talent.”
“I’m not sure I can do it now, but I think I can learn to
with time and effort.”
“What if you fail—you’ll be a failure” “Most successful people had failures along the way.”
“If you don’t try, you can protect yourself
and keep yourdignity.”
“If I don’t try, I automatically fail. Where’s the dignity in
“This would have been a snap if you really
“That is so wrong. Basketball wasn’t easy for Michael
Jordan and science wasn’t easy for Thomas Edison.
They had a passion and put in tons of effort.
“It’s not my fault. It was something or
someone else’s fault.”
“If I don’t take responsibility, I can’t fix it. Let me listen
—however painful it is– and learn whatever I can.”
So as you face challenges, setbacks, andSo as you face challenges, setbacks, and
criticism, listen to the fixed mindset voicecriticism, listen to the fixed mindset voice
and talk back to it with a growth mindsetand talk back to it with a growth mindset