What is a society?• A society, or a human society, is a group of people related to each other through persistent relations, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or virtual territory, subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations
What is Culture?• the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits.
ATTIRE:• Damian Domingo (Coleccion de trajes de Manila y de las provincias) - Collection of costumes in Manila and the provinces• FILIPINO WOMEN?• FILIPINO MEN?• What is a “CAMISADENTRO”?
EDUCATION• Was controlled by the church.• Levels of education:• PRIMARY• SECONDARY• UNIVERSITY
SECONDARY LEVEL• COLEGIO (FOR BOYS)– 5 years and needs to get a mark of either FAIR, GOOD, VERY GOOD, EXCELLENT in written and oral exams.• SUBJECT MATTERS?• Bachiller en Artes (Bachelor of Arts)• Spaniards, Spanish Mestizos and Chinese Mestizos studied in Colegio.
SECONDARY LEVEL• BEATERIO (FOR GIRLS)• SUBJECT MATTERS?• Spaniards, Spanish Mestizos and Chinese Mestizos studied in Colegio.
UNIVERSITY• 1st 3 universities?• Why were the Filipinos not allowed to attain higher level of educations such as the Colegio and University?
HEALTH CONDITIONS• HEADED BY THE CHURCH• 1st Hospital – “HOSPITAL DE SANTA ANA de NATURALES” – established by Father JUAN _________.• HERMANIDAD de SANTA MISERICORDIA (Brotherhood) led by Father Marcos ___________.• SAN LAZARO HOSPITAL• Why was this hospital demolished?
HEALTH CONDITIONS• Franciscans were given “Hacienda Mayhaligue”• Who were the ones caring for the sick?• ANS: Franciscans. Where they doctors?• They learned different medical plants used by the Filipinos.• Rice, corn, coconut etc.. (for rheumatism, toothache etc...)
• Discuss the part played by the Franciscans in improving health conditions during the Spanish period.
LITERATURE AND ART• Literature and art were utilized by the Church in order to spread Christianity.
What are the 3 types of writings of the friars?• Progress of mission work• Books and novenas• vocabularies• Who are the ladinos?• They were the ones who wrote prayer verses in a mixture of Spanish and Tagalog.
PRINTING• Who is Tomas Pinpin?• A Tagalog poet and considered to be the most famous Filipino involved in printing.
PASYON• Is a poem that relates to the suffering of Christ.• When a pasyon is read or sang it is called?• Pabasa• What is a Cenaculo?
Awit at Corrido• What are these?• Stories of love in the form of poems of kings and queens, princes and princesses.• Who were the famous writers of this type of literature? • Jose de la Cruz – Huseng Sisiw • Francisco Baltazar - Balagtas
COMEDIA• A drama in the form of a poem• It is about love, life and war between Muslim and Christian kingdoms.• 3-5 hours• Was also called moro-moro
MUSIC• All about playing instruments such as:• Piano, Organ, Harp and Violin.
SCULPTURE• What was the main purpose for having sculptures?
ARCHITECTURE• What are the 3 types of structures?• CHURCH• FORT• BAHAY NA BATO
ARCHITECTURE• Church – Who were the famous Filipinos and Chinese mestizos who made the Cebu cathedral?
ARCHITECTURE• Fort – Served as placed to watch out for approaching enemies.• Fort San Pedro in Cebu