Window treatments are used to control the
degree to which windows perform their
various functions. They have great design
potential as sources of beauty and character
too. Window treatments can be classified as
Stiff Window Treatments and Soft Window
A window blind is a type of window covering
which is made with slats of fabric, wood,
plastic or metal that adjust by rotating from
an open position to a closed position by
allowing slats to overlap.
They are made of parallel slats of wood, metal
or plastic aligned horizontally or vertically.
They are popular for their almost complete
control of air, light and view. They are usually
low in price and some custom- designed
blinds come in different colours and patterns.
VERTICAL LOUVRE BLINDS
These are most effective on large floor-to-
ceiling window. They work on the same
principal as the venetian blinds, except that
they close across the window rather than
down. The slats are wider than the venetian
type but less opaque.
These inexpensive covering for large
windows. They are made of fine strips of
wood held together by cotton, and let a
pleasant, soft light filter through. They may be
mounted on a spring-operated roller or
moved up and down by cords.
These are inexpensive blinds made of strong
paper fibre. It is accordion-pleated to act like a
folding blind (similar to the venetian blinds).
Balastores are perforated with small holes to
let the light through without glare.
These are made from stronger paper than
balastores and have smaller pleats. The paper
gives privacy, but let’s sunlight through, which
is filtered and tinted the colour of the paper.
The four most common colours are orange,
green, blue, and parchment (natural)
These are ruched fabrics (trimmed with
gathers). They may be used partially raised,
and when fully raised, they form a decorative
pelmet. They are used in banquet halls and
large lobbies for a sumptuous effect.
A window blind does not have slats but
comprises a single piece of material that can
be rolled to control the degree of the various
functions of the window. These blinds are
machine-operated as well as hand operated.
BAMBOO AND WOVEN WOOD
Slatted shades have the advantage in that
they let through some light and air, and allow
outwards-only visibility in the day time. They
block the inward view at the same time,
depending on the tightness of the weave or
the size of the slats.
FABRIC ROLLER SHADES
These are inexpensive and can be flexibly
adjusted to cover as much of windows as
required at a particular time. They can be
translucent, letting in some light or completely
opaque. These shades are available in many
colours, textures, and patterns, although neutral
white or off-white, fairly smooth fabrics are the
standard. Decals or stencilled patterns on roller
shades give interesting look on to the windows
when the light filters through the designs.
A window shutter is a solid and stable window
covering usually consisting of a frame of
vertical stiles and horizontal rails (top, center
and bottom). Set within this frame can
be louvers (both operable or fixed, horizontal
or vertical), solid panels, fabric, glass and most
any other item that can be mounted within a
A window screen, insect screen or bug
screen is a metal wire, fibreglass, or other
synthetic fibre mesh, stretched in a frame of
wood or metal, designed to cover the opening
of an open window. Its primary purpose is to
keep insects, leaves, debris, birds, and other
animals from entering a building, while
permitting fresh air-flow
A curtain is a piece of cloth intended
to block or obscure lights, or drafts,
or water in the case of a shower
Curtains often contribute more to the
atmosphere of the room than any other item
of furnishing. Plain, heavy curtains falling
down to the floor can be used to create a
formal setting. Short curtains made of light,
brightly patterned fabrics are used to create
an informal, relaxed atmosphere. Apart from
creating the desired atmosphere, curtains give
flexible control over privacy, heat, light, and to
some extent noise.
• Curtains fulfil several important functions:
• They give flexible control over privacy, heat and light.
• They soak up the noise in proportions to the area
they cover, the thickness of the fabric, and the
depths of the fold.
• The can add colour and pattern to the decor.
• They cover bareness and furnish a room even
• They can change the apparent size of the room or
conceal architectural flaws
These are also called sheer or net
curtains and are usually made of cotton
or polyester. They are appealing in the
light pastel shades.
These are usually made of translucent or
opaque fabrics and are mounted on traverse
rods. In earlier days, they were used between
glass curtains and draperies, but these days
they are more often used alone.
Either one panel can be tied back to one side or both
the panels can be tied back to the two sides. They
are often tied back to the window frame. A pair of
curtain looped back makes a window seem much
narrower than a single curtain tied back. Such
curtains should preferably be tied back just below or
above the mid-section of the window. Usually the
higher the tie-back, the taller the window appears.
These curtains are a variation of the tie-back
type. Both the curtain panels overlap each
other at the top along the entire width of the
window and then criss-cross each other when
they are tied back. Criss-cross curtains
generally make a window seem wider. They
also assure an impression of fullness.
FRENCH CAFE CURTAINS
These cover only the lower part of the
window, with the casing slipped over a
tension rod mounted in the window frame.
They provide privacy at one level and light at
another. These are ideal for informal setting.
These are shades made of o sturdy fabric and
lined with a contrasting fabric. The shade can
be rolled or unrolled to the desired position
and held in place by means of a sash. When
rolled up, the contrast-coloured lining and top
fabrics are shown off together.
These are made up of sets of two-double
sided shades hung across the entire width of
the window on double curtain rods. They are
then folded back to expose the contrasting
under-panels and each panel is tied back.
TYPES OF CURTAIN PLEATS
The various types of curtain pleats are
standard pleats, pencil or cartridge
pleats, pinch pleats, triple pleats, box
pleats, French or Windsor pleats, and
TYPES OF CURTAIN PLEATS
PENCIL PLEAT PINCH PLEAT
TYPES OF CURTAIN PLEATS
TRIPLE PLEAT BOX PLEAT
TYPES OF CURTAIN PLEATS
FRENCH PLEAT GOBLET PLEAT
PELMETS AND CORNICES
Cornices are box-like shapes used at the top horizontal
portion of the drapery treatment to hide the poles and
other hardware. They are generally 4 to 7 inches deep.
The width of a cornice should be little less than one-
eighth of the overall length of the floor length drapery.
They should be made of wood, plastic, or mirrored glass.
Wooden cornices are the most frequently used and a
plain wooden board with an interesting moulding at the
top and bottom is always good taste. Wooden cornices
may be finished in their natural colour, painted in some
other colour, or covered with cloth, cork or leather.
Sometimes the coverings are edged in brass nails.
Swags are decorative, drapery
treatments meant to hide the curtain
headings and usually taper to a cascade
(also called a tail). These loop and falls
luxuriously over a curtain pole, ending in
A window valance is a form of window
treatment that covers the uppermost part of
the window and can be hung alone or paired
with window blinds or curtains. These are
made up of fabrics that can be pleated,
scalloped (having an edge or border marked
with semicircles) or ruffled. They should never
exceed one-sixth of the window’s height and
should be about 8-12 inches in depth.
Finding the right hardware is essential to the
success of the window treatment. Curtain
rods are generally used for shirred curtains of
simple cafes. Most rods are now in adjustable