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ALBERT BANDURA OBSERVATIONAL SOCIAL LEARNING

Albert Bandura

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ALBERT BANDURA OBSERVATIONAL SOCIAL LEARNING

  1. 1. ALBERT BANDURA’S OBERVATIONAL-SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  2. 2. WHO IS ALBERT BANDURA? • Born on December 4, 1925, in Canada • Earned psychology degree from the University of British Columbia in 1949 • Earned his MA degree in 1951 and his Ph.D. in clinical psychology in 1952 • Best known for his social learning theory, the concept of self-efficacy, and his famous Bobo doll experiments Reference: Cherry, Kendra (2019). Albert Bandura’s Influence On The Field Of Psychology. Retrieved March 12, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/albert-bandura-biography-1925-2795537.
  3. 3. •It describes the process of learning through watching others, retaining the information, and then later replicating the behaviors that were observed. WHAT IS OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING? Reference: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Observational Learning Affects Behavior. Retrieved March 12, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-observational-learning-2795402.
  4. 4. •It is also referred to as shaping, modeling, and vicarious reinforcement • It tends to be the most common during childhood as children learn from the authority figures and peers in their lives. WHAT IS OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING? Reference: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Observational Learning Affects Behavior. Retrieved March 12, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-observational-learning-2795402.
  5. 5. WHAT IS OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING? • Individuals that are observed are called models. In society, children are surrounded by many influential models, such as parents within the family, characters on children’s TV, friends within their peer group and teachers at school. These models provide examples of behavior to observe and imitate, e.g., masculine and feminine, pro and anti-social, etc. Reference: Macleod, Saul (2016). Bandura- Social Learning Theory. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html.
  6. 6. •It plays an important role in the socialization process - as children learn how to behave and respond to others by observing how their parents and other caregivers interact with each other and with WHAT IS OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING? Reference: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Observational Learning Affects Behavior. Retrieved March 12, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-observational-learning-2795402.
  7. 7. Image from: https://4.bp.blogspot .com/- CS3sGI9jolQ/UTYIpv RO62I/AAAAAAAAAZ o/8FrihTschV0/s1600 /Girl-Imitating- Adult.jpg
  8. 8. 3 CORE CONCEPTS OF SOCIAL LEARNING THEOY IMAGE FROM: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  9. 9. 1. PEOPLE CAN LEARN THROUGH OBSERVATION •children learn and imitate behaviors they have observed in other people REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  10. 10. 1. PEOPLE CAN LEARN THROUGH OBSERVATION Bandura identified three basic models of observational learning: 1. A live model, which involves an actual individual demonstrating or acting out a behavior 2. A verbal instructional model, which involves descriptions and explanations of a behavior 3. A symbolic model, which involves real or fictional characters displaying behaviors in books, films, television programs, or online media. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  11. 11. 1. PEOPLE CAN LEARN THROUGH OBSERVATION Observational learning does not even necessarily require watching another person to engage in an activity: - Hearing verbal instructions, such as listening to a podcast, can lead to learning - can also learn by reading, hearing, or watching the actionsREFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  12. 12. 2. MENTAL STATES ARE IMPORTANT TO LEARNING INTRINSIC REINFORCEMENT • Described by Bandura as a form of internal rewards, such as - pride - satisfaction - sense of accomplishment This emphasis helps connect learning theories to cognitive developmental theories. Bandura describes this approach as a 'social cognitive theory.'REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  13. 13. 3. LEARNING DOES NOT NECESSARILY LEAD TO A CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR While behaviorists believed that learning led to a permanent change in behavior, observational learning demonstrates that people can learn new information without demonstrating new behaviors. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  14. 14. STEPS INVOLVED IN THE OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING AND MODELING PROCESS
  15. 15. 1. ATTENTION PAY ATTENTION IN ORDER TO LEARN • Anything that distracts your attention is going to have a negative effect on observational learning • If the model is interesting or there is a novel aspect of the situation, you are far more likely to dedicate your full attention to learning. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  16. 16. 2. RETENTION •Retention can be affected by a number of factors, but the ability to pull up information later and act on it is vital to observational learning. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  17. 17. 3. REPRODUCTION REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074. Pay attention to the model Retain the informatio n Perform the behavior you observed Further practice for improvement and skill advancement
  18. 18. 4. MOTIVATION Reinforcement and punishment play an important role in motivation - experiencing these motivators can be highly effective - observing others experiencing these motivators is also effective example: if you see another student rewarded with extra credit for being to class on time, you might start to show up aREFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  19. 19. IMPORTANT IMPLICATION OF BANDURA’S THEORY IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION
  20. 20. Both teachers and parents recognize how important it is to model appropriate behaviors. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  21. 21. Other classroom strategies such as encouraging children and building self- efficacy are also rooted in social learning theory. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  22. 22. Life would be incredibly difficult and even dangerous if one had to learn everything he know from personal experience. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  23. 23. So much of life is rooted in social experiences - observing others plays such a vital role in how one acquire new knowledge and skills. REFERENCE: Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  24. 24. REFERENCES Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Observational Learning Affects Behavior. Retrieved March 12, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is- observational-learning-2795402. Macleod, Saul (2016). Bandura- Social Learning Theory. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html. Cherry, Kendra (2019). How Social Learning Theory Works. Retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-learning-theory-2795074.
  25. 25. REFERENCES Cherry, Kendra (2019). Albert Bandura’s Influence On The Field Of Psychology. Retrieved March 12, 2020, from https://www.verywellmind.com/albert-bandura-biography-1925-2795537.

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