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LPG

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LPG ( Liquefied Petroleum Gas) an Environmental Friendly Fuel

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LPG

  1. 1. LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG) Prepared By: Engr. Mohammad Imam Hossain (Rubel) E-Mail: rubelduet04@gmail.com , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801818261989 2/5/2017 1 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  2. 2. Liquefied Petroleum Gas ( LPG) or Auto Gas is a generic name for mixtures of hydrocarbons ( Generally Combination of the gas is 70% butane (C4H10), 30% propane (C3h8)) which exists as vapor under ambient conditions and can be changed into liquid state by applying moderate pressures. When stored under pressure it becomes a dense liquid allowing large quantities of gas to be stored in a relatively small space. Energy content similar to gasoline. Inherently clean burning characteristics. LPG, known world over as Auto gas, gives you a new life as it brings along multiple benefits. Auto gas is the 3rd most popular automotive fuel and the number # 1 clean fuel alternative in the world. What is LPG ? 2 C4H10 + 13 O2 → 8 CO2 + 10 H2O + heat C3H8 + 5 O2 → 3 CO2 + 4 H2O + heat 2/5/2017 2 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  3. 3. Liquid petroleum gases were discovered in 1912 when Dr. Walter Snelling, an American scientist, realized that these gases could be changed into liquids and stored under moderate pressure. From 1912 and 1920, LP-gas uses were developed. The first LPG cook stove was made in 1912, and the first LPG -fueled car was developed in 1913. The LPG industry began sometime shortly before World War I. At that time, a problem in the natural gas distribution process popped up. Gradually facilities were built to cool and compress natural gas, and to separate the gases that could be turned into liquids (including propane and butane). LPG was sold commercially by 1920. History of LPG 2/5/2017 3 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  4. 4. Flammable and Heavier than air. High energy fuel. Stored under pressure as liquid. Large vapor to liquid ratio. It is in vapor form in atmospheric conditions. When placed under pressure in cylinders, it is stored as liquid. It is very light in weight Non-corrosive It is like water and cumulative at the deeper places on the ground or somewhere else. Characteristics of LPG 2/5/2017 4 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  5. 5. Characteristics of LPG 2/5/2017 5 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360 There are two main dangers of LPG . The first is a possible explosion if the mixture of LPG and air is right and if there is an ignition source. The second is suffocation due to LPG displacing air, causing a decrease in oxygen concentration. In addition, an odorant is mixed with LPG used for fuel purposes so that leaks can be detected more easily. Large amounts of LPG can be stored in bulk cylinders and can be buried underground. DANGERS POINT
  6. 6. LPG is a derivative of two large energy industries: natural gas processing and crude oil refining. In Natural Gas Processing: When natural gas is drawn from the earth, it is a mixture of several gases and liquids. Methane, which is sold by gas utilities as “natural gas,” constitutes about 90 percent of this mixture. The remaining 10 percent, 5 percent is propane and 5 percent is other gases such as butane and ethane. In crude oil refining: LPG is the first product produced on the way to making the heavier fuels such as diesel, jet fuel, fuel oil, and gasoline. Roughly 3% of a typical barrel of crude oil is refined into LPG, although as much as 40% of a barrel could be converted into LPG. Worldwide, crude oil refining is the source for the other roughly 40% of LPG supplies. Sources 2/5/2017 6 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  7. 7. 2/5/2017 7 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  8. 8. 2/5/2017 8 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  9. 9. Hong Kong Sri Lanka China India Australia New Zealand USA Mexico Malaysia South Africa Turkey S Korea Japan Paraguay Thailand Canada Russia Algeria Tunisia Iran UK France SpainPortugal Italy Greece Sweden Finland Norway Belgium Holland Poland Czech Romania BulgariaHungary Denmark Ireland Germany LPG USED IN MORE THAN 40 COUNTRIES 2/5/2017 9 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  10. 10. USES Internationally, LPG is being consumed as a fuel in the following sectors: •Household sector as cooking, heating and as lighting fuel. •Commercially as cooking fuel in hotels and restaurants. •Automotive sector as fuel for taxis, vans and private cars. •Industrial sector as cutting and heating fuel. •Agriculture sector for crop drying, etc. •Other industrial uses such as manufacture of petrochemicals. •Electricity generation. •Chemical feed stocks. •Heating: glass, porcelain manufacturers. •Welding & Cutting. 2/5/2017 10 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  11. 11. What is LPG ? 2/5/2017 11 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  12. 12. 2/5/2017 12 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  13. 13. SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL LPG DISTRIBUTION ROUTE 2/5/2017 13 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  14. 14. 2/5/2017 14 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  15. 15. Bangladesh Market Prospect of LPG 2/5/2017 15 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360 The country now consumes almost 200,000 Tones of LPG each Year Mostly by the urban people in districts towns, light engineering workshops, Hotel and some of city Household where piped natural gas connection are not available . According to official Statistics of Energy Ministry , LPG demand in the country is about 500,000 tones. LPG Demand is increasing Sharply with the Govt. Decision of not providing fresh gas connection not to household since July 2010 as well as others fuel is not reasonable. The Govt. already cut import duty from LPG, LPG Cylinder & LPG related accessories to reduce LPG price in domestic market and encourage to use it.
  16. 16. COMPARATIVE WITH OTHER FUELS 2/5/2017 16 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  17. 17. COMPARATIVE WITH OTHER FUELS 2/5/2017 17 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  18. 18. COMPARATIVE WITH OTHER FUELS LPG Composition Propane and Butane 95% Others 5% Typical Natural Gas Composition Methane 82% Other 19% Ethane Nitrogen Pentane Butane Propane Carbon Dioxide LNG Composition Others 5% Methane 95% NGL Composition Ethane, propane, butane 95% Others 5% 2/5/2017 18 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  19. 19. COMPARATIVE WITH OTHER FUELS Comparison of Properties of Liquid Fuels LNG Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Gasoline Fuel Oil Toxic No No Yes Yes Carcinogenic No No Yes Yes Flammable Vapor Yes Yes Yes Yes Form Vapor Clouds Yes Yes Yes No Asphyxiant Yes, but in a vapor cloud Yes, same As LNG No No Extreme Cold Temperature Yes Yes, if refrigerated No No Other health hazards None None Eye irritant, narcosis, nausea, others. Same as gasoline Flash point o F -306 -156 -50 140 Boiling point o F -256 -44 90 400 Flammability Range in air % 5-15 2.1-9.5 1.3-6 N/A Stored Pressure Atmospheric Pressurized (atmospheric if refrigerated) Atmospheric Atmospheric Behavior if spilled Evaporates, forming visible “clouds”. Portions of cloud could be flammable or explosive under certain conditions. Evaporates, forming vapor clouds which could be flammable or explosive under certain conditions. Evaporates, forms flammable pool; environmental clean up required. Same as gasoline Source: Lewis, William W., Lewis, James P, Outtrim, Patricia A., PTL: LNG Facilities - The Real Risk, AiChE Meeting, New Orleans, April 2003 as modified by industry sources. 2/5/2017 19 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  20. 20. Objects CNG LPG Constituents Methane CH4 Propane and Butane C3H8 C4H10 Source Obtained from natural gas-and- condensate wells, oil wells, coal bed methane wells. Automatically generated from gas fields when natural gas is extracted from the reservoir. By-product of cracking process during crude-oil refining. Uses Substitute for gasoline in automobiles. Heating and cooking in homes, refrigeration, industrial, agricultural, catering and automobile fuel. Environmental effects Releases lesser greenhouse gas. Releases CO2 which is a greenhouse gas but is cleaner when compared to gasoline Properties It is lighter than air and hence disperses quickly in the event of spillage. Highly inflammable. It is heavier than air and on leakage will settle to ground and accumulate in low lying areas. Stored Pressure 200 to 248 bars 1.7 - 7.5 bar Safety Easily disperses, hence risk of ignition is minimized. Since it is difficult to disperse risk of fire is more. Energy Produced 38 MJ/m3 or 10.6 kWh/m3 94 MJ/m3 or 26.1kWh/m3 Safety and Environmental Impact CNG does produce greenhouse gases upon combustion; it is a more environmentally clean alternative to other fossil fuels like gasoline or LPG. CNG is also safer than other fuels in the event of a spill because natural gas, being lighter than air, disperses quickly when released. Storage Little more space need Need Lesser Space For proper Combustion Air to Gas ratio Approximately 10:1 Approximately 25:1 Relative density with air 0.5537:1 1.5219:1 Auto Ignition Temp. 540C 455 to 510C Flammability Range 5-15% 2-9.5% Auto Mileage Same number of Mileage of gasoline About 28% fewer mileage than of gasoline Carbon Emission (H:C>4:1)Lesser carbon Emission than any other fossil Fuel (H:C>8:3/10:4) cleaner fossil fuel than gasoline & diesel COMPARATIVE WITH CNG ( NATURAL GAS) 2/5/2017 20 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360 OBJECTS CNG LPG Constituents Methane CH4 Propane and Butane C3H8 C4H10 Source Obtained from natural gas-and-condensate wells, oil wells, coal bed methane wells. Automatically generated from gas fields when natural gas is extracted from the reservoir. By-product of cracking process during crude-oil refining. Uses Substitute for gasoline in automobiles. Heating and cooking in homes, refrigeration, industrial, agricultural, catering and automobile fuel. Environmental effects Releases lesser greenhouse gas. Releases CO2 which is a greenhouse gas but is cleaner when compared to gasoline Properties It is lighter than air and hence disperses quickly in the event of spillage. Highly inflammable. It is heavier than air and on leakage will settle to ground and accumulate in low lying areas. Stored Pressure 200 to 248 bars 1.7 - 7.5 bar Safety Easily disperses, hence risk of ignition is minimized. Since it is difficult to disperse risk of fire is more. Energy Produced 38 MJ/m3 or 10.6 kWh/m3 94 MJ/m3 or 26.1kWh/m3 Storage Little more space need Need Lesser Space For proper Combustion Air to Gas ratio Approximately 10:1 Approximately 25:1 Relative density with air 0.5537:1 1.5219:1 Auto Ignition Temp. 540C 455 to 510C Flammability Range 5-15% 2-9.5% Auto Mileage Same number of Mileage of gasoline About 28% fewer mileage than of gasoline Carbon Emission (H:C>4:1)Lesser carbon Emission than any other fossil Fuel (H:C>8:3/10:4) cleaner fossil fuel than gasoline & diesel
  21. 21. Particulate Emissions ( regulated) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Diesel CNG LPG 2/5/2017 21 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360 mg/kw-h
  22. 22. Emissions of 1,3-Butadiene 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 2D Diesel Gasoline RFG CNG LPG mg/kw-h 2/5/2017 22 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  23. 23. Emissions of Acetaldehyde 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 2D Diesel Gasoline RFG CNG LPG mg/kw-h 2/5/2017 23 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  24. 24. Emissions of Formaldehyde 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 2D Diesel Gasoline RFG CNG LPG 2/5/2017 24 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  25. 25. Emissions of Benzene (unregulated) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2D Diesel Gasoline RFG CNG LPG mg/kw-h 2/5/2017 25 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  26. 26. COUNTRIES RANKING HIGHEST IN LPG-FUELED VEHICLES. 2/5/2017 26 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  27. 27. Auto LPG Financial Benefits 2/5/2017 27 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  28. 28. FUEL COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS 2/5/2017 28 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  29. 29. LPG REFUELING STATION 2/5/2017 29 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  30. 30. LPG REFUELING STATION 2/5/2017 30 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  31. 31. Vehicle LPG Conversion Technology 2/5/2017 31 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  32. 32. THERE ARE MAINLY THREE TYPES OF CNG CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY AVAILABLE FOR THE PETROL VEHICLE CNG CONVERSION SYSTEM 1. MULTIPOINT SEQUENTIAL INJECTION SYSTEM 2. LAMBDA CONTROL SYSTEM ( LCS) or MIXER BASED SYSTEM 3. CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM Types of Vehicle LPG Conversion Systems 2/5/2017 32 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  33. 33. Vehicle LPG Conversion Systems 2/5/2017 33 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  34. 34. MULTIPOINT SEQUENTIAL INJECTION SYSTEM 2/5/2017 34 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  35. 35. MULTIPOINT SEQUENTIAL INJECTION SYSTEM 2/5/2017 35 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  36. 36. MSIS Components 2/5/2017 36 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  37. 37. MSIS Layout 2/5/2017 37 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  38. 38. Omegas 3.0 ECU The new Landirenzo Omegas 3.0 electronic control unit with dedicated aluminum case (IP54), designed and built to integrate the electronics of latest generation Euro 4, Euro 5 and Euro 6 vehicles, offers the possibility of connecting to the vehicle's OBDII (On Board Diagnostics II) to: acquire and monitor the petrol controls to manage gas calibration compensate the variability of the gas quality and composition With Omegas 3.0, it is also possible to verify the connection of the petrol injectors and diagnose the operation of individual gas injectors as well as manage partial petrol operation. The ECU controls 2-3-4 cylinder engines. 2/5/2017 38 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  39. 39. EVO 12 ECU The new LANDIRENZO EVO 12 electronic control unit with dedicated aluminum case (IP54), approved for Euro 4, Euro 5 and Euro 6 applications, summaries the concept of absolute quality. The strengths of this new control unit are the reliability and precision of the self-calibrating features, which facilitate quick and successful vehicle calibration. It is possible to manually adjust the mapping and manage the contribution with petrol if necessary. With LANDIRENZO EVO 12, it is also possible to diagnose the petrol injector connections and the functioning of individual gas injectors. . 2/5/2017 39 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  40. 40. Omegas Plus ECU The injection control strategy and in particular the calculation of the LPG injection timing use a model based software strategy able to determine optimal values in all operating engine conditions using RPM, LPG pressure, LPG temperature and engine coolant temperature signals. Above mentioned switch is also controlled by a delay time from the start up and a minimum rpm threshold. The LPG system also includes diagnostics strategies and manage the automatic switch into gasoline mode in case of fault detections. The ECU is available in three versions for 4, 6 or 8 cylinder engines. 2/5/2017 40 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  41. 41. Pressure Regulator LI 10 Single-stage, positive-pressure compensated regulator fitted with a safety valve. The compact design, which integrates a solenoid cut-off valve and a replaceable filter at the gas inlet, is combined with high output performance and flexibility of use, applicable on aspirated and turbo Twin air and Multi Air engines. Regulator stemming from the Landi Renzo experience with leading international car manufacturers and tested and validated with stringent durability tests. 2/5/2017 41 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  42. 42. Pressure Regulator IG1 Regulator-vaporiser IG1 PRV - This is a compensated, two-stage diaphragm type regulator-vaporiser, with water-gas heat exchanger, internal safety valve and gas solenoid valve with incorporated filter. It is calibrated for a supply pressure that is 0.95 bar (95 kPa) above the pressure of the intake manifold. The nominal flow rate is 40 Kg / h. LI 02 - This is a compensated, one-stage diaphragm type regulator-vaporiser, with water-gas heat exchanger, internal safety valve and gas solenoid valve with incorporated filter. It is calibrated for a supply pressure that is 0.95 bar (95 kPa) above the pressure of the intake manifold. The nominal flow rate is 30 Kg / h. 2/5/2017 42 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  43. 43. Injector Rail GIRS 12 High-performances injectors Compact dimensions: easier to install Noiseless and resistant injector rail Higher level of sealing through the IP6K9K connector Available in 4 sizes to be adapted to all engines 2, 3, 4 cylinders versions 2/5/2017 43 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  44. 44. MED RGBI Gas Injector Current management: 4 / 1 “Peak and hold” Supply Voltage: 6 to 16 volts Temperature Range: -40°C to +120°C Nominal Pressure: 0.8 to 3 bar Aperture Time @12V: 2 ms Dimensions: Ø 32 x h 73 mm Weight: 120 g Homologation: ECE R 110 @ -40°C min. Available in 3 different sizes to cover all the power range of the engines on the market 2/5/2017 44 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  45. 45. Switch-Indicator EVO 12 Electronic control module available with LEDs of different colors (green, blue and orange), with the following functions: - gas/petrol switch and monitoring of the current fuel in use by means of two LEDs - monitoring of gas fuel level tank by means of 5 LEDs of adjustable intensity by the driver The switch is also equipped with an adjustable acoustic signal (buzzer) which sounds when the system reverts to petrol mode either due to low pressure or when a fault is detected - emergency gas start 2/5/2017 45 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  46. 46. Switch-Indicator Omegas 3.0 Electronic control module, fitted with rings adaptable for an effective integration in all types of dashboard, with the following functions: gas/petrol switch and monitoring of the current fuel in use by means of two LEDs. monitoring of gas fuel level tank by means of 5 LEDs of adjustable intensity by the driver. The switch is also equipped with an adjustable acoustic signal (buzzer) which sounds when the system reverts to petrol mode either due to low pressure or when a fault is detected. emergency gas start 2/5/2017 46 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  47. 47. GAS FILTER Operating pressure: 0,5 – 3 bar Max pressure drop (% of inlet): < 10% Maximum air flow: 60 kg/h Filtration element: rolled paper Environment operating temperature: -40 /+120°C Inlet gas operating temperature: -40/+60°C Weight: 75 g Life time CNG use: 20000 km LPG use: n10000 km This is located between the regulator and the injector rail and it is used to filter the gaseous-state LPG. The filter contains a cartridge that guarantees 80-μm. filtering capacity. The filter contains a 10 cartridge. 2/5/2017 47 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  48. 48. LAMBDA CONTROL SYSTEM (LCS) 2/5/2017 48 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  49. 49. LAMBDA CONTROL SYSTEM LC01 2/5/2017 49 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  50. 50. LAMBDA CONTROL SYSTEM LC01 The system consists of the following components: 1. COMPUTER LCS-LC01 The LCS-LC01 computer is defined as a Stand Alone system for the fact it doesn't interact directly with the petrol system ECU, but it works in a separate and independent way. The computer processes the signals from the lambda sensor, the ignition input, throttle body angle signal to manage the correct air/fuel mixture on each engine working condition, by driving the actuator which doses the gas flow at the engine entry. The main functions of the LC01 computer are: Emulation of the correct signal of lambda sensor A diagnostic and programming system by means of a special Tester-Programme to control mixture and conversion optimization Petrol starting with automatic switch over to gas in a period of time depending on the environmental and engine conditions by managing the gas solenoid valve Actuator driving to adjust the mixture Managing of different safety devices when the vehicle runs on gas, as for instance a built-in system to cut off petrol injection and an electronic safety device that cuts off supply to the LPG/natural gas solenoid valves if the engine talls. 2. ACTUATOR Electromechanical device which doses the gas capacity by turning a step motor controlled by the computer so as to maintain the correct air/fuel mixture on each engine working condition. 3. LCS-LC01 SWITCH/GAUGE Electronic component, located inside the interior compartment, whose main functions are: Gas/petrol selection with 2 positions and gauge for the fuel being used by means of 2 lighting led Display of the level of gas in the tank by means of 5 led Diagnosis device Acoustic indicator (buzzer) - optional. 2/5/2017 50 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  51. 51. Pressure Regulator LI 02 Single aluminum regulator External HP shut-off valve Filter integrated in shut-off valve Service Pressure: 2,5 to 27 bar Nominal Output Pressure: 0,95 bar Temperature Range: -20°  120° C Solenoid Valve Supply: 6  16 Volt Flow Rate: Max: 28 Kg/h of LPG Weight: 1250 g. Homologation: ECE/ONU R67/01 2/5/2017 51 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  52. 52. Pressure Regulator SE 81 Regulator type: 2 stages with electronic starting device and vacuum controlled idling Use: automotive (suitable for vehicles with catalytic converter, injection, carburetor and turbo-charger) Note: injection with catalyst should be accompanied by the LCS PLUS Type of fluid: LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) Heating: Engine cooling circuit liquid Maximum inlet pressure: 45 bar First stage adjustment pressure: 0.8 bar Power supply: 12 V DC Coil power capacity: 14 W Versions: SE 81: up to 100 kW SE 81 Maggiorato: from 100 kW to 193 kW SE 81 Super Maggiorato: over 193 kW SE 81 Turbo: for turbo-charger engines up to 154 kW 2/5/2017 52 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  53. 53. Pressure Regulator SE 81 SIC Regulator type: 2 stages with electronic starting device and idling at positive pressure Use: automotive (suitable for vehicles with catalytic converter, injection, carburetor and turbo-charger) Type of fluid: LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) Heating: Engine cooling circuit liquid Maximum inlet pressure: 45 bar First stage adjustment pressure: 0.8 bar Power supply: 12 V DC Coil power capacity: 18 W Versions: SE 81 SIC: up to 100 kW SE 81 SIC Maggiorato: from 100 kW to 193 kW SE 81 SIC Super Maggiorato: over 193 kW SE 81 SIC Turbo: for turbo-charger engines up to 154 kW 2/5/2017 53 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  54. 54. Pressure Regulator Renzomatic Regulator type: 2 stages with electric starting device and vacuum controlled idling Use: automotive (suitable for vehicles with carburetor and fixed engines) Type of fluid: LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) Heating: Engine cooling circuit liquid Maximum inlet pressure: 45 bar First stage adjustment pressure: 0.8 bar Power supply: 12 V DC Versions: RENZOMATIC: up to 100 kW RENZOMATIC Oversize: from 100 kW to 193 kW RENZOMATIC Super Oversize: over 193 kW RENZOMATIC Without Evaporator: for air-cooled industrial/stationary engines up to 15 kW 2/5/2017 54 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  55. 55. SWITCH-INDICATOR Electronic control module with the following functions: 2-positions LPG/gasoline switch and monitoring of the current fuel in use using two illuminated led. Monitor of the level of LPG in the tank using 5 illuminated led. The switch is also equipped by an acoustic signal (buzzer) This buzzer is switched on when the system is switching into gasoline mode when a low level of LPG pressure is detected or a fault into LPG system occurs. 2/5/2017 55 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  56. 56. CONVENTIONAL OR MIXER SYSTEM 2/5/2017 56 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  57. 57. CONVENTIONAL OR MIXER SYSTEM 2/5/2017 57 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  58. 58. PRESSURE REGULATOR EC 04 Regulator type: 2-stage reducer with electronic start-up device and negative pressure idle Use: Vehicular application (suitable for vehicles with or without catalytic converter, fuel injection and carburetor) Type of fluid: LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) Heating: Engine cooling circuit liquid Inlet pressure: 45 bar First stage adjustment pressure: 0.6 bar Power supply: 12 V DC Versions: EC 04: up to 100 kW 2/5/2017 58 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  59. 59. SWITCH-INDICATOR- 096M ECO An electronic control module whose main functions are: Gas/petrol selector with 2 positions and gauge for the fuel being used by means of 2 led; Petrol starting automatically passing over to gas on deceleration with overlapping; Display of the level of gas in the tank by means of 5 led; Electronic safety device that cuts off supply to the LPG solenoid valves if the engine stalls. 2/5/2017 59 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  60. 60. START-PETROL SOLENOID VALVE This device positioned between the regulator gas outlet and the mixer cuts off the flow of LPG during starting and petrol operation. Available in normal and oversize version, both equipped with a carburetion adjustment register 2/5/2017 60 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  61. 61. AIR/FUEL MIXERS Mechanical devices that, by using the Venturi principle, ensure correct air/fuel mixing in both stationary and dynamic conditions. Each mixer is designed for a specific vehicle and, together with the regulator and LCS-LC01 system, provides optimum gas and petrol operation. 2/5/2017 61 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  62. 62. LPG SOLENOID VALVE This device is positioned between the tank and the regulator and cuts off the flow of LPG during petrol operation and with the engine switched off. Available in normal and oversize version, both equipped with an interchangeable filter for any impurities there may be in the LPG. 2/5/2017 62 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  63. 63. OBD EMULATORS During the gas function these electronic devices interact with the diagnostic Ecu, emulating the signals that are necessary to avoid the recording of false errors in the control unit. In this way the petrol system works in optimal conditions, avoiding drift and false errors. 2/5/2017 63 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  64. 64. INJECTORS EMULATORS During gas operation, these electronic devices cut off the flow of petrol on cars equipped with electronic injection and emulate the signal of the injectors or other sensors. The emulator model for each car varies depending on the type of injection system involved in the conversion. 2/5/2017 64 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  65. 65. Switch-Indicator- 102 An electric control module whose main functions are: Gas/petrol selector with 3 positions and gauge for the fuel being used by means of 2 led; Gas starting with timed automatic system to enrich the mixture for starting (primer); the middle position of the switch closes the gas and petrol solenoid valves at the same time; Display of the level of gas in the tank by means of 5 led. SWITCH MOD. 102 An electric control module whose main functions are: Gas/petrol selector with 3 positions and fuel consumption indicators with 2 led; Manual (push-button) gas starting system to enrich the mixture for starting (primer); the middle position of the switch closes the gas and petrol solenoid valves at the same time. 2/5/2017 65 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  66. 66. LPG TANK VALVE Models to fit the LPG tank main types • Level indicator device • Operating pressure: 15 bar • Max Pressure: 67.5 bar • 80% filling mechanical limiter • Safety thermal fuse • Safety overpressure valve • Weight: 1.09 kg Homologation: ECE/ONU R67.01 2/5/2017 66 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  67. 67. LPG TANK Carbon Steel body: DIN EN 10120-97 Operating pressure: 7-15 bar Temperature Range: -20° C / + 65° C Max. Pressure: 67.5 bar Homologation: ECE/ONU R67.01 2/5/2017 67 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360
  68. 68. LPG is also important for use in industrial, commercial, agricultural, horticultural and manufacturing applications. At home, it can provide us with heating, hot water and power to cook our food, as well as fuel for our cars. It even powers cogeneration plants! The main reason for converting to LPG is its superb portability and convenience: it can be used in remote places where ordinary gas supplies are unavailable. There's a very simple way to enjoy the benefits of gas even when normal piped supplies are out of reach: you can convert to LPG (liquefied petroleum gas)—a really convenient, super-pressurized gas stored in liquid form in a tank, canister, or bottle. Let's find out more about how it works! That doesn't just mean rural homes: large LPG canisters are extremely useful in disasters and emergencies where supplies of electricity and gas have either been interrupted or never existed in the first place. Although LPG is a fossil fuel, it's relatively clean compared to such things as coal and oil (it makes less air pollution—fewer soot particulates, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur) and produces fewer emissions of carbon dioxide (which cause global warming). 2/5/2017 68 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360 WRAPPING UP
  69. 69. 2/5/2017 69 Prepared By: Engr.Mohammad Imam Hossain Rubel , Skype: mdimam, Cell Phone: +8801814655360 Thank You

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