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Introduction to Islam - Dr. Warsi


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Lesson 1. Introduction to Islam. Introductory slides by Dr. Warsi shown during the online classes run by

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Introduction to Islam - Dr. Warsi

  1. 1. In the Name of Allah the most beneficent, eternally merciful
  2. 2. An Introduction to Islam The Final Religion
  3. 3. The Origin of Human Being
  4. 4.                              Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create avicegerent on earth." They said: "Wilt Thou place thereinone who will make mischief therein and shed blood?Whilst we do celebrate Thy praise and glorify Thy holy(name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not." 2/30
  5. 5. 1. 2/302. 7/113. 15/284. 17/615. 18/506. 20/1167. 38/71
  6. 6. So there is a God In Arabic Called Allah ‫اهلل‬
  7. 7. Concepts of God in Islam• There is only one God, no one can claim any partnership with Him in,• Person• Attributes, or• Rights• The only Creator Who is Unique in all the aspects
  8. 8. Concept of God in Islam• Allah is creator• Sustainer• Controller• Knower of everything• Source of peace and justice• To Him everything will return• Created human beings for this Earth for a given time to act as His Vicegerent
  9. 9. The Origin• Another creation of Allah, angels were there before creation of Human being• They are intelligent being and showed their surprise• There was another creation already on Earth before human beings call Jinn• Angels are created out of Light• Human beings out of clay or mud• Jinns out of the heat of fire
  10. 10. The Story Continues
  11. 11.                                                   
  12. 12. And He taught Adam the names of all things;then He placed them before the angels, andsaid: "Tell Me the names of these if you areright." They said: "Glory to Thee: of knowledgewe have none, save what You have taught us:in truth it is You Who are perfect in knowledgeand wisdom." He said: "O Adam! Tell them theirnames." When he had told them, Allah said:"Did I not tell you that I know the secrets ofheavens and earth, and I know what ye revealand what ye conceal?" 2/31-33
  13. 13. The Origin• So Adam (human being) is superior to angels• The best of the creation of God is human being• Human being is a responsible creation• He is given a limited power to execute his limited free will• He is responsible to his actions
  14. 14.              And behold, We said to the angels: "Bowdown to Adam:" and they bowed down: notso Iblis: he refused and was haughty: hewas of those who reject Faith. 2/34
  15. 15. The Origin• Human beings are superior to all other creations of Allah• Angels were made to bow down to him to show his superiority• Iblis, or Satan, the one among the Jinns did not follow the command• Angels are made of light and not capable of making mistakes or disobeying• Jinns are like humans have a power to choose and responsible
  16. 16.                                       We said: "O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden; andeat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will;but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm andtransgression." Then did Satan make them slip from the(Garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in whichthey had been. We said: "Get ye down, all (ye people), withenmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwellingplace and your means of livelihood for a time." 2/35-36
  17. 17. The Origin• Satan made Adam to forget the command of Allah• They were all sent to the Earth to live there for a given time• This given time to be a test period• They were kept in the Paradise and exposed to the enticement of their own self and Satan to experience what they have to face on the Earth
  18. 18.             Then learnt Adam from his Lord words ofinspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; forHe is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. 2/37
  19. 19. The Origin• Adam, knowing what mistake he did, repented• God being merciful showed Adam the way to return to Him• Adam, repented and God accepted the repentance• The Sin was forgiven• Anyone born since then till the end of time is born innocent, and remains so until he/she makes wrong choices
  20. 20. Basic Concept• From Islamic perspective, every one is born innocent• Every child remains so till age of understanding is reached• At the age of understanding, the person becomes responsible• Now he/she will be judged according to what he did• Nobody will take the responsibility of anybody else
  21. 21.                               We said: "Get ye down all from here: and if, as issure, there comes to you guidance from Me,whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be nofear, nor shall they grieve. "But those who reject Faithand belie Our Signs, they shall be Companions of theFire; they shall abide therein." 2/38-39
  22. 22. Humans of the Earth• Allah the most merciful, did not leave us on this Earth to find our way• He promised that I will send you guidance, and fulfilled His promise to the perfection• Raised among us, human beings like us with all the same strength and weaknesses chosen to transmit guidance• Those words of God when compiled in written form called Divine Books
  23. 23. Basic Concept• Thus as Muslims we believe that• God is one and Unique, without partners• God is the only creator, rest is creation• Human being is best of the creation• Human beings and the Jinns are the only two creation who are given the limited free will to make their own choices• They are responsible for whatever choices they make
  24. 24. Basic Concept• Angels are not capable of disobeying Allah• The pious human being chosen by Allah to convey His message are the Prophets and Messengers• The revelation that is given to them to convey to the rest of the humanity is call the Divine Books• First of the Prophets is Adam
  25. 25. Basic Concept• The last of the Messengers is Muhammad• There are many in between, like, Noah, Abraham, Job, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Jesus (peace be upon them all)• Similarly there have been many books, the ones mentioned in Quran are, Scrolls of Abraham, Torah, Bible, Psalm and finally the Quran itself
  26. 26. Basic Concept• Quran being the final one and none to come after, is preserved in original text for the guidance of humanity till the day of Judgment• There is a concept of Day of Judgment and Resurrection• Everyone will be raised again and their accounts will be taken• Perfect Justice will be done
  27. 27. Basic Concept• So as a Muslim, we believe in;• One and Unique God• His Messengers and Prophets (all of them)• His angels• His Books• The Day of Judgment• The accountability
  28. 28. Humans on the Earth• Since human beings are supposed to spend their test period on this Earth• They are given the guidance how to conduct themselves on this Earth as well• Thus we see that human being, the highest of the creation has a• relationship while on this Earth
  29. 29. ‫اهلل‬‫‪God‬‬
  30. 30. The Three Dimensional Human• Islam claims to be a complete guidance• If it is so, it must provide guidance in all three dimensions of human existence• And it does so,• Let’s see how
  31. 31. Human to God Relationship• In this dimension, Islam provide us concept of worship• Something which is exclusively between him and his Creator• Prayer, five times a day• Every few hours there is a prayer, remember your creator• Some of them in congregation, some in seclusion speak to your Lord, He will listen• No intermediary needed, you and your Lord
  32. 32. Human to God Relationship• Fasting during the day for a month in Ramdan• Hold off from even the lawful, why ???• Just because your Lord said so• A kind of worship, nobody will know until you tell them• A covenant, secret; between you and your Lord
  33. 33.         And those in whose wealth is arecognized right For the (needy) who asksand him who is prevented (for somereason from asking); 70/24-25
  34. 34. Human to God Relationship• Paying charity to less fortunate among us• The money you earn is not only yours• There are others among your brethren who need your help• After a certain limit of saving you must pay at least 2.5%• If you give more the better it is
  35. 35. Human to God Relationship• Making a journey to Makkah the first house of worship on this Earth• All standing in front of Allah• Visiting the first house of worship• Where Adam worshiped,• Where Abraham called people to visit• Persons of all races, all colors, all ethnicity• Dress alike, do alike• This is Hajj
  36. 36. ‫اهلل‬‫‪God‬‬
  37. 37. 2nd Dimension• Human to human relationship• Partly it is covered in worship like charity• However Islam gives justified laws and rule to be executed in the society• It covers every aspect of life• Business, trade, employer and employee relationship• Inheritance, ownership, money exchange
  38. 38. Human to Human Relationship• Marriage, rights of husband and wife• Rights of parents and children• Rights of neighbors• Rights of travelers• Rulers and the ruled• Imagine any kind of relationship between two or more human beings and there is a guidance available; based on justice
  39. 39. ‫اهلل‬‫‪God‬‬
  40. 40. 3rd Dimension• There are other creations of Allah around us,• The Earth, mountains, rivers and all other natural resources• Plants and trees• The animals• The whole universe, they are all created and subjected to human beings
  41. 41. Humans with other Creations• Allah allows us to use them, since they are created for us• However there are clear guidance for their use• You cannot kill the animal unless you need to eat or it is threatening your life• You can use the land, streams and the rivers, but cannot destroy it
  42. 42.                 O Children of Adam! Wear your beautifulapparel at every time and place of prayer:eat and drink: but waste not by excess, forAllah loves not the wasters. 7/31
  43. 43. The Three Dimensional Human• Thus it gives us guidance for sustainable use of the resources• If we follow that, the needs of everyone will be taken care• But it is the human greed that takes us to transgress the rights of others• We fall prey to the Satan, and• The world is filled with misery
  44. 44. In Summary• One and Unique God, the only Creator• Human being the best of the creations• Human being responsible for their actions• Originally innocent• Nobody will carry the burden of others• Among the human beings, some pious and chosen ones are Prophets and Messengers
  45. 45. In Summary• Messengers and Prophets are humans and don’t share the power of Allah• Angels created by Allah• Allah is merciful and forgives if we repent and ask forgiveness• Allah prescribed specific modes of worship• Allah gave us guidance in the for of executable and justifiable laws to conduct our life on this Earth, The Books
  46. 46. In Summary• Finally we return to our Lord• The accounts will be taken• Perfect Justice will be done• May Allah guide us to be the recipients of His immense mercy• May Allah protect us form the enticement of the Satan as well as our own selves
  47. 47. Questions ?