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Employability & Personal Development: Career Planning & Making Applications


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Employability & Personal Development: Career Planning & Making Applications tell you all about how to make yourself more employable with interview techniques and writing a CV and cover letter. It will help you along the way to employment giving tips and advice to follow all the way through the application process to interview and hopefully securing the job that you want.

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Published in: Career
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Employability & Personal Development: Career Planning & Making Applications

  1. 1. Employability & Personal Development Career Planning & Making Applications
  2. 2.  Careers Advice & Guidance.  Researching Career Options.  Choosing Suitable Career Pathways.  Sources of Information for Job Vacancies.  Finding a Suitable Job Vacancy.  Identifying Own Skills, Qualities, Experience & Qualifications.  Drafting a CV.  Selection for an Interview for a Job.  Obtaining an Application Form & Job Details.  Completing a Job Application.  Preparing for an Interview.  Interview Techniques & Practise Aims & Objectives
  3. 3. It’s a short list of facts about you and your work history, skills, qualifications & experience. A good CV is essential when looking for work & it is worth spending time getting it right so that it sells you to an employer What is a CV?
  4. 4. • Neat. • Of the best standard you can achieve in regards to content & layout. • Contain NO spelling or grammatical errors. • Short (2 sides of a sheet of A4 paper is normally sufficient.) • Positive: It should emphasise your achievements, strengths & successes • Make a good impression. What should my CV be like?
  5. 5.  Your Name.  Your Address.  Your Phone Number.  Your E-mail Address.  Your Career History.  Put your most recent job first and include dates. Also include Voluntary work.  Emphasise the skills and experience you have gained from those jobs or voluntary work. What should I Include in my CV?
  6. 6. 1. Your Name 2. Core Skills & Experience 3. Personal Details: Address, E- mail, Telephone: You do not need to include information on your Gender or Date of Birth or Nationality. 4. Employment: If you lost your job recently, don’t put about your current unemployment status here, you can briefly explain the covering letter. Just put the start and end date of your last job. Include your old job title, company, responsibilities and Achievements. 5. Additional Skills/Attributes 6. Education 7. References What If I’m Currently Unemployed?
  7. 7.  Send it with a covering letter or email.  Use it to help you to remember all the dates & information you need each time you need to fill in an application form.  As a reminder when you are asked to give more information about your job history.  To refresh your memory just before an interview. I have my CV: Now How Do I Use it ?
  8. 8. When applying for a job you are competing against a lot of other people. It is important that your application makes a good impression & stands out from the others. A properly presented and prepared cover letter and correctly filled in application form will help you. Applying for Jobs
  9. 9. When searching for jobs you will need to:  Know how to identify sources of job vacancies.  Be able to analyse adverts to ascertain suitability.  Be able to use available resources in the search for work.  Log/record job search activities. Where to look:  The internet  Newspapers  Job Fairs  Recruitment Agencies  Notice boards  Word of mouth, friends, colleagues Searching for Jobs
  10. 10. dgreenerliving Searching for Jobs
  11. 11. Keeping a Record of your Job Search By keeping records of which jobs you have applied for you can:  Record where you have applied for previously.  See if there is anything you can do to improve your chances next time.  See what jobs you haven’t applied for yet/companies that you haven’t contacted.  Ask for feedback about jobs you weren’t successful for at Interview.
  12. 12.  Underline the skills requested in the advert.  Draft a rough copy of your letter & include the skills underlined in your letter.  Be positive & emphasise why you are perfect for the job.  Include any relevant skills you have.  Give a summary of your skills and experience.  Keep it brief and to the point.  Identify when you will be free for an interview.  Include your name, address, phone number & the date  Enclose a copy of your CV  Make sure the layout is neat and that there are no spelling or grammatical errors Writing a Cover Letter
  13. 13.  Always check the instructions for filling in the application form: e.g. Whether you have to write in capitals or fill in black ink only.  Spell the name of the company correctly.  Prepare a draft and then transfer onto the actual form (if completing by hand).  Read over the job advert again & make sure the information you include is relevant.  Answer all the questions & fill in all the boxes.  If there are gaps in your employment history, say what you were doing during that time.  Include skills that you have developed outside work.  Ask someone you trust to check your application before you send it. Filling in an Application Form
  14. 14. Getting invited to an interview means you’ve passed the first test, your application must have made a good impression. Now you need to prepare yourself for the interview! Interview Techniques
  15. 15. Before the Interview: Research the company  Spend some time doing this as it will give you confidence, it will also allow you to ask the employer questions.  You could contact the company to ask for an information pack or you could look at their website. Plan for the interview  Find out what the interview will involve.  If you have a disability, all employers must make reasonable adjustments for you  Find out how many people will be interviewing you & their positions in the company. (This will help you prepare questions).  Find out how long the interview is likely to last. (This will give you an idea of how detailed the interview will be).  Find out if you will have to take a test or make a presentation. Interview Techniques: Planning
  16. 16. Plan your Journey  Consider travelling to the company before the interview to check how long the journey will take.  If necessary, ask for directions, bus routes or details of where you can park  Consider the costs involved.  Plan for the unexpected (e.g. bus or train cancelled, car breaks down etc). Interview Techniques: Planning
  17. 17. Aim for a neat, clean and tidy appearance, get your clothes ready the day before Deciding on what to wear for the interview will depend on the work you will be doing Remember, if you look good it will help you feel good and more confident Interview Techniques: Appearances Count
  18. 18.  Take a copy of your CV or application form to refer to.  Prepare notes or cue cards if you think it might help and give you a prompt.  Take items the employer has asked you to bring along, e.g. references, certificates, driving licence.  Reread the job advert to refresh your memory and make sure you haven’t missed anything.  Prepare for the questions you might be asked. Interview Techniques: Bring your Information
  19. 19. Give yourself plenty of time and aim to arrive at least 10 minutes before the interview time. It’s important to make a good first impression & this will be made in the first few minutes! Show the employer that you are the best person for the job! Interview Techniques: On the Big Day
  20. 20.  Enter the room confidently.  Shake hands firmly & introduce yourself.  Be polite & friendly.  Check that it’s OK to use your notes during the interview (if you have them).  Try to maintain eye contact with the person you are talking to & look interested & ask questions as well as answering.  Answer questions as fully as you can: Avoid just saying ‘Yes’ and ‘No’  Tell the truth  Ask if you don’t understand a question  Speak clearly  Sell yourself: Get your good points across & be positive Interview Techniques: On the Big Day
  21. 21. An employer will ask you a lot of different questions at interview to find out about you and your skills. Some examples might be:  Why do you want to work here?  Why did you leave your last job?  Have you done this kind of work before?  What did you do in your last job?  What kinds of equipment can you use?  How long have you been out of work? & How do you spend your time?  Why should the employer take you on?  Your qualifications.  How do you get on with people?  What are your strengths & weaknesses?  Do you have any questions? Interview Techniques: Questions you might be asked
  22. 22. You need to make a good impression and show that you are the best person for the job. Things you should NOT do:  Sit down until the interviewer asks you to.  Fidget or slouch in the chair or fold your arms.  Swear (even mildly).  Criticise your past employers.  Interrupt.  Draw attention to your weaknesses.  Don’t try to be too enthusiastic or lie: Stay calm and stick to the facts. Interview Techniques: What not to do in an Interview
  23. 23. For more Information, Advice & Guidance or to contact us about Traineeships or Apprenticeships Call: 0121 707 0550 E-mail: