Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
Sustainable Approach Of Recycling Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Integrated Biofilm Membrane Filtration System For Internal Plant Usage (2nd Presentation)
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

Share

Sustainable Approach Of Recycling Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Integrated Biofilm - Membrane Filtration System For Internal Plant Usage (3rd Presentation and the last)

Download to read offline

Bio-film bacteria (Biological Treatment) integrated with Membrane Technology is based on WHAT FACTORS ?
ANS:
COST EFFECTIVE
REQUIREMENTS
FLEXIBILITY
SIMPLICITY
CLOSED OR OPEN SYSTEM
N0TE: UPON our knowledge and research, There is no previous work had or have done on using integrated biofilm-Membrane.

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all
  • Be the first to like this

Sustainable Approach Of Recycling Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Integrated Biofilm - Membrane Filtration System For Internal Plant Usage (3rd Presentation and the last)

  1. 1. ‘Sustainable Approach Of Recycling Palm Oil Mill Effluent Using Integrated Biofilm - Membrane Filtration System For Internal Plant Usage’ Student Sajjad Khudhur Abbas Supervisor Dr. Teow Yeit Haan Co-supervisor Prof. Abdul Wahab bin Mohammad Research Title ‘Final Presentation’ By
  2. 2. In Malaysia, oil palm is a very significant crop. In the worldwide, the biggest palm oil exporter and producer is Indonesia and Malaysia is the 2nd exporter and producer. The production of crude palm oil (CPO) was increased significantly from 92,000 tonnes in year 1960 to 17.6 million tonnes in year 2009, The process to extract the palm oil needs massive and huge water quantity to sterilize the fresh fruit bunches (FFB) and clarify the extracted oil. Palm Oil in Malaysia SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  3. 3. Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) 95-96% of water 0.6-0.7% of oil 2-4% of suspended solids POME highest sources Clarifier sludge hydro cyclone sterilizer condensation SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  4. 4. Environmental impact (Ma A. N., 2000) (Singh G. a., 1999) The stocks of local fish in lakes and rivers are declining Bathing and water sources turned into brown colour smelt foul Fresh POME Acidic Colloidal Suspension Hot Brownish High Solids Amount (40,000 mg/l) COD (50,000 mg/l) BOD (25,000 mg/l) ref SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  5. 5. Problem Statement Briefly, the highly polluted wastewater is causing a severe pollution to the : Waterways Aquatic Habitats Impacted Human Health Affected Aquatic Life SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  6. 6. Zero waste energy POME Treatment system Treated Water Biogas POME SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment Sludge Myth or Fact?
  7. 7. Available POME treatment techniques Anaerobic contact process Continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) Up-flow anaerobic sludge fixed film (UASFF) Up flow anaerobic sludge blanked (UASB) Fluidized bed Anaerobic filtration Conventional anaerobic digestion (Digester and pond) Conventional anaerobic digestion (Digester and pond) Aerobic Evaporation Anaerobic Membrane Biofilm Biofilm bacteria (Biological Treatment) integrated with Membrane Technology is based on WHAT FACTORS ?ANS: • COST EFFECTIVE • REQUIREMENTS • FLEXIBILITY • SIMPLICITY • CLOSED OR OPEN SYSTEM N0TE: UPON our knowledge and research, There is no previous work had or have done on using integrated biofilm- SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  8. 8. Biofilm technique integrated with Membrane Membrane techniqueBiofilm technique Swimming Attachment EPS Feeding Decomposition Treatment Process Kind – Cross flow Filter – Nano filter (NF) Feed Outlet SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  9. 9. Process Tension Factors Membrane foulingBiofilm Bacteria dead lack SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  10. 10. PROCESS SETTING Biofilm technique Membrane technique Parameter Value Acclimatization duration Unknown Treating period Unknown Black media amount 328 pieces White media amount 126 pieces Raw POME volume 2 litres Raw POME COD 6630 mg/l Temperature Ambient Parameter Value Pump pressure 3 bar Temperature 24.1 C Inlet POME COD 923 mg/l Filter Nano SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  11. 11. TREATMENT SCHEME SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment POME sample from Sime Darby East Mill Biofilm Carrier POME treatment Container( TANK ) POME container contains Biofilm carrier POME container contains 1 liter aerobic POME , 1 liter Concentrated POME ,and Biofilm Carrier after 1 month Zoom in on the biofilm Carrier Zoom in Zoom in Using the Biofilm to Treat POME M-After Three days POME container contains 1 liter Aerobic POME , 1 liter Concentrated POME and Biofilm Carrier Daily Measurement COD TSS PH MLSS TS NH3.N Turbidity Daily Measurement COD ,TSS ,PH,MLSS,TS ,NH3.N,Turbidity. POME container contains 2 liters aerobic POME and Biofilm Carrier Membrane process Treated POME POME Media (Black and Hexafilter)
  12. 12. Be confident By measuring Parameters ! DO COD TSS MLSS NH3-N PH SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  13. 13. Results Slide SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment Acclimatization Stage ‘Hexafilter media’ TestDa y 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 COD 6630 3680 3440 3101 2908 2421 2220 2201 2400 2410 2409 2430 2190.3 2215 MLSS *103 12.1 0 15.10 9.80 6.50 3.90 3.30 3.00 2.70 3.23 3.66 3.07 2.45 3.26 3.12 NH3-N 970 350 309 287 240 227 226 200 193 121 112 109 90 81 Turb. 3740 1108 655 325 190 133 113 110 108 152 119 110 79 66 1 Acclimatization Stage ‘Black media’ TestDay 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 COD 6630 3550 3340 3010 2905 2901 2900 2769 2630 2510 2484 2450 3010 3005 MLSS *103 12.1 0 13.10 10.50 8.77 6.10 5.90 5.46 4.23 3.20 3.23 3.01 2.96 2.20 2.00 NH3-N 970 330 295 260 233 218 210 177 153 89 95 102 75 63 Turb. 3740 998 845 755 598 357 293 175 113 130 89 60 20 15 All in mg/l, except Turbidity in
  14. 14. Results Slide SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment Biological Treatment Membrane Raw POME Hexafilter Black media NF Units Test 24 hr 48 hr 72 hr 24 hr 48 hr 72 hr - COD 1450 760 1130 850 690 910 1040 19 mg/l MLSS 0.006 0.0031 0.0025 0.0025 0.0035 0.0026 0.0032 0.0003 mg/l NH3-N 101 93 100 107 102 86 93 1.19 mg/l pH 8.021 7.258 7.422 7.651 7.654 7.973 7.855 6.473 - TSS 290 140 420 405 340 470 410 0 mg/l DO 2.03 1.88 2.49 2.71 2.38 1.79 2.57 4.44 mg/l Turbidity 87.9 140 122 93 130 111 76 0.381 NTU 2 Hexafilter Black media Membrane
  15. 15. Black Media Biofilm carriers at the 2nd day of the bacteria growth stage Bacteria growth after 15 days at the media surface Bacteria growth after one month at the media surface Footages from different sections Footage (Black Media) SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  16. 16. Hexafilter Media Biofilm carriers at the 2nd day of the bacteria growth stage Bacteria growth after 15 days at the media surface Bacteria growth after one month at the media surface Footages from different sections Footage (Black Media) SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  17. 17. Footages (Treated POME samples ) RAW POME Distilled POME H medi a B medi a Membran e Sample The sample is following which standards? Standards RAW POME Diluted POME H media B media Membrane Sample 1 2 Slightly 3 Slightly 4 Slightly 5 6 Slightly Slightly 7 8 9 10 11 Slightly Slightly No Definition 1 NWQSFM CLASS I 2 NWQSFM CLASS IIA 3 NWQSFM CLASS IIB 4 NWQSFM CLASS III 5 NWQSFM CLASS IV 6 NWQSFM CLASS V No Definition 7 DOE CLASS I 8 DOE CLASS II 9 DOE CLASS III 10 DOE CLASS IV 11 DOE CLASS V SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  18. 18. Result’s Closer LOOK Biofilm bacteria treatment is complicated since the treatment is wobbling Membrane is so easy to be blocked This integrated system won’t give product with certain properties This integrated system needs Control system Its possible and better to use low level membrane like macro but the treated wastewater won’t be same quality as the Nano. SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  19. 19. CONCLUSION surface area crimpy surface narrow corners Mixing Moisture NF membrane SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  20. 20. Future studies, endorsing and recommendations SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment Series reactors Sedimentation system Catalyst Fixed temperature Deep reactor for biofilm growth stage Short depth reactor for POME treatment stage Closed system Treatment age not longer than 24 hours Using media with high surface area Endorsements
  21. 21. The Decree From Standards side As a Scientist ! Strongly Definitely SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  22. 22. Global Warming SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment Temperature rising rising sea level Floods Heat waves Extinctions of animals and plants Desertification
  23. 23. Q & A SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment
  24. 24. THANK YOU SAJJAD K. A. 3rd Presentation POME treatment

Bio-film bacteria (Biological Treatment) integrated with Membrane Technology is based on WHAT FACTORS ? ANS: COST EFFECTIVE REQUIREMENTS FLEXIBILITY SIMPLICITY CLOSED OR OPEN SYSTEM N0TE: UPON our knowledge and research, There is no previous work had or have done on using integrated biofilm-Membrane.

Views

Total views

1,156

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

0

Actions

Downloads

51

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×