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AGRICULTURE

THIS IS HIGHLY USEFULL FOR CLASS X CBSE STUDENS.
THIS PPT DESCRIBES THE DEFINITION, TYPES & TECHNOLOGICAL AND POLICY REFORMS OF INDIAN AGRICULTURE SYSTEM.

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AGRICULTURE

  1. 1. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR MEANING: CONSIISTS OF TWO WORDS AGER + CULTURE AGER =LAND + CULTURE= CULTIVATION SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA Topics to be discussed •DEFINITION & MEANING OF AGRICULTURE. •AGRICULTURE AS AN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY. •TYPES OF AGRICULTRE FARMING. •TYPES OF CROPS •MAJOR CROPS IN INDIA •SUITABLE CONDITIONS FOR PRODUCING CROPS •TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS & AGRICULTURAL REOFRMS WHAT IS AGRICULTURE ? IN WHICH PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY WHICH IS USES OF LAND TO GROW CROPS AND REAR ANIMALS TO PROVIDE FOOD AND OTHER PRODUCTS.
  2. 2. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA TYPES OF FARMING PRIMITIVE INTENSIVE COMMERCIAL SUBSISTENCE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY : AGRICULUTRE COMES UNDER PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY. PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY: IT IS A TYPE OF OPERATION OR INDUSTRY THAT INVOLVES EXTRACTING OR REFINING NATURAL RESOURCES.
  3. 3. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA PRIMITIVE SUBSISTENCE 1. Old farming procedure. 1. Old instruments are used. 2. Its objectives are to meet the basic demands of foods. INTESIVE SUBSISTENCE 1. Modern farming procedure. 2. Modern instruments like tractor, Harvesters are used. 3. Objectives are to meet the basic demands of food with part commercialization. COMMERCIAL 1. Ultra modern farming procedure. 2. Highly utilized instruments & modern technologies are used. 3. This farming is done only for export and imports purpose.
  4. 4. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA TYPES OF CROPS BASED ON CROPPING SEASONS RABI ZAID KHARIFS Sown in winter season during OCT- DEC & Harvested during April-June Sown in Onset of Monsoon & Harvested during during SEPT-OCT Sown in between the durations of Rabi & Karif Crops.
  5. 5. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA MAJOR CROPS IN INDIA FOOD CROPS AND GRAINS
  6. 6. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA BEVERAGE CROPS AND NON FOOD CROPS BEVERAGES TEA COFFE HORTICULTURE MANGOES BANANAS LICHI VEGETABLES NON FOOD CROPS RUBBER FIBRE CROPS COTTON JUTE
  7. 7. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA SUITABLE CONDITIONS FOR PRODUCING CROPS Climate Temperature rainfall Organic matter soil Relief
  8. 8. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS & AGRICULTURAL REFORMS TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS ENCOURAGE COLLECTIVE FARMING LAND HOLDINGS CONSOLIDATED ZAMINDARI SYSTEM ABOLISHED BHOODAN GRAMDAAN INITIATED
  9. 9. AGRICULTURE CLASS X KV MADHUPUR SUB: SOCIAL SCIENCE Teacher: SAMRAT SAHA TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS & AGRICULTURAL REFORMS AGRICULTURAL REFORMS CROP INSURANCE GRAMEEN BANKS KCC (Kishan Credit Cards) PAIS (Personal Accident Isurance Scheme Weather Bulletins Agricultural programmes

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