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Presented by:-
Nnisarg Kalyani (08)
Paresh Parmar (19)
Aamir Patel (20)
Yash Shah (38)
Sanket Vyas (55)
PRODUCTION FACILIT...
 Introduction
 Production facilities
 Determinants of facilities
 Factors involved in facilities
 Plant location
 Pl...
 Production Facilities and Systems are the important
aspects of the production management.
 Production Facilities allows...
 Before starting of any
production process the
organisation has to decide
about the facilities to
produce the same.
 Fac...
Production facilities required by the organisation is
decided by the following :
 Types of product
 Production quantity
...
 Machines and equipments
 Tools
 Technology
 Inspection aid
 Process details
 Operating personnel
 Production volum...
 The main aim of any business(manufacturing or services) is to
maximize the profits and to minimize the cost(efficiency)....
 Layout means arrangement of facilities in a particular unit to
ensure the smooth and proper flow of production
 Plant l...
 Production system can be
defined as “The
methods, procedure or
arrangement which
includes all functions
require to
accum...
Production
system
Intermittent
production
system
Continuous
production
system
TYPES OF PRODUCTION SYSTEM
 Intermittent means something that starts (initiates) and stops
(halts) at irregular (unfixed) intervals (time gaps).
 I...
Intermittent
production
system
Project
production
system
Job shop
production
Batch shop
production
TYPES OF INTERMITTENT
P...
 Here, in project production flows, company accepts a
single, complex order or contract. The order must be
completed with...
 Here, in jobbing production flows, company accepts a contract
to produce either one or few units of a product strictly a...
 In batch production flows, the production schedule is decided
according to specific orders or are based on the demand
fo...
 Continuous means something that operates constantly
without any irregularities or frequent halts.
 In the continuous pr...
Continuous
production
system
Mass
production
Process
production
TYPES OF CONTINUOUS
PRODUCTION SYSTEM
 Here, company produces different types of products on a
large-scale and stock them in warehouses until they are
demanded...
 Here, a single product is produced and stocked in warehouses
until it is demanded in the market. The flexibility of thes...
 The Toyota Production System (TPS) is an integrated socio-
technical system, developed by Toyota, that comprises its
man...
 Just-in-time(JIT) means
right parts needed in the
assembly line reaches the
assembly at the right time
and right amount....
 Product cost
 Quality
 Design
 Productivity and flexibility
 Administrative efficiency
BENEFITS OF JIT
CASE STUDY: TOOL AND DYE SHOP
 To carry out any production
process availability of the
required facilities is
necessary.
 System to be installed on
th...
Production System and Production Facilities
Production System and Production Facilities
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Production System and Production Facilities

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The ppt takes you through some of the production facilities and functions that are part of manufacturing process. And helps in carrying out the manufacturing process and functions more efficeiantly.

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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Production System and Production Facilities

  1. 1. Presented by:- Nnisarg Kalyani (08) Paresh Parmar (19) Aamir Patel (20) Yash Shah (38) Sanket Vyas (55) PRODUCTION FACILITIES AND FUNCTIONS
  2. 2.  Introduction  Production facilities  Determinants of facilities  Factors involved in facilities  Plant location  Plant layout  Production system  Types of production system  Intermittent production system  Continuous production system  Toyota production system  JIT  Case study  Conclusion CONTENTS
  3. 3.  Production Facilities and Systems are the important aspects of the production management.  Production Facilities allows the smooth transformation of the inputs into the outputs i.e. manufacturing process with all the required machinery tools manpower etc.  While Production Systems ensures that there is the proper methods, arrangements, procedure is adopted to produce different types of goods or services. INTRODUCTION
  4. 4.  Before starting of any production process the organisation has to decide about the facilities to produce the same.  Facilities has to be installed on the basis of the requirement and the availability of the resources to the organisation. PRODUCTION FACILITIES
  5. 5. Production facilities required by the organisation is decided by the following :  Types of product  Production quantity  Market  Product demand  Competitors for the product  Location  Product variety DETERMINANTS OF PRODUCTION FACILITIES
  6. 6.  Machines and equipments  Tools  Technology  Inspection aid  Process details  Operating personnel  Production volume FACTORS INVOLVED IN FACILITIES
  7. 7.  The main aim of any business(manufacturing or services) is to maximize the profits and to minimize the cost(efficiency).  In this the plant location play the Important role. The location selected should be such that it enables the business to achieve its objectives efficiently. FACTORS:-  Nearness to the raw material  Land and labour cost  Transportation  Nearness to related and ancillary industries etc. PLANT LOCATION
  8. 8.  Layout means arrangement of facilities in a particular unit to ensure the smooth and proper flow of production  Plant layout refers to the arrangement of machines, handling equipments, storerooms and tool-racks required for the process of production in the plant or factory(manufacturing unit). FACTORS:-  Products  Production system  Purchase and inventory policy  Safety and personnel policies etc. PLANT LAYOUT
  9. 9.  Production system can be defined as “The methods, procedure or arrangement which includes all functions require to accumulate(gather) the inputs, process or reprocess the inputs and delivers the marketable outputs(goods). PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  10. 10. Production system Intermittent production system Continuous production system TYPES OF PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  11. 11.  Intermittent means something that starts (initiates) and stops (halts) at irregular (unfixed) intervals (time gaps).  In the intermittent production system, goods are produced based on customer's orders. These goods are produced on a small scale. The flow of production is intermittent (irregular). INTERMITTENT PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  12. 12. Intermittent production system Project production system Job shop production Batch shop production TYPES OF INTERMITTENT PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  13. 13.  Here, in project production flows, company accepts a single, complex order or contract. The order must be completed within a given period of time and at an estimated cost. CHARACTERISTICS:-  Requirement of resources varies  Many agencies are involved  Delays takes place  Scheduling takes time (A)PROJECT PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  14. 14.  Here, in jobbing production flows, company accepts a contract to produce either one or few units of a product strictly as per specifications given by the customer. The product is produced within a given period and at a fixed cost. This cost is fixed at the time of signing the contract. CHARACTERISTICS  Production in small lots  Production according to customer specification  Skilled labour  Disproportionate manufacturing cycle time (B)JOB SHOP PRODUCTION
  15. 15.  In batch production flows, the production schedule is decided according to specific orders or are based on the demand forecasts.  Here, the production of items takes place in lots or batches. A product is divided into different jobs. CHARACTERISTICS  Made and stocked until demand  General purpose machines  Needs production planning and control  Possibility of large work-in-progress (C)BATCH PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  16. 16.  Continuous means something that operates constantly without any irregularities or frequent halts.  In the continuous production system, goods are produced constantly as per demand forecast. Goods are produced on a large scale for stocking and selling. They are not produced on customer's orders. CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  17. 17. Continuous production system Mass production Process production TYPES OF CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  18. 18.  Here, company produces different types of products on a large-scale and stock them in warehouses until they are demanded in the market.  The goods are produced either with the help of a single operation or uses a series of operations. CHARACTERISTICS  Continuous production on market demand  Less work-in-progress  Supervision is easy  No manual material handling  Continuous flow of material (A)MASS PRODUCTION
  19. 19.  Here, a single product is produced and stocked in warehouses until it is demanded in the market. The flexibility of these plants is almost zero because only one product can be produced. CHARACTERISTICS  High mechanised system  Skilled technicians  Very-less work-in-progress  Production planning and scheduling pre-decided  Whole system for one item (B)PROCESS PRODUCTION
  20. 20.  The Toyota Production System (TPS) is an integrated socio- technical system, developed by Toyota, that comprises its management philosophy and practices. The system was developed between 1948 and 1975. The techniques that were introduced in Toyota production system are:-  Poke-yoke  JIDOKA  Just-in-time  Kanban-cards TOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEM
  21. 21.  Just-in-time(JIT) means right parts needed in the assembly line reaches the assembly at the right time and right amount.  Just in time (JIT) is a production strategy that strives to improve a business return on investment by reducing in- process inventory and associated carrying costs. JUST IN TIME
  22. 22.  Product cost  Quality  Design  Productivity and flexibility  Administrative efficiency BENEFITS OF JIT
  23. 23. CASE STUDY: TOOL AND DYE SHOP
  24. 24.  To carry out any production process availability of the required facilities is necessary.  System to be installed on the basis of the requirement of the product. CONCLUSION

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