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Brutalism cat& t - saurabh p. choudhary fym.arch jnec aurangabad

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BRUTALISM , BRUTALIST STYLE

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Brutalism cat& t - saurabh p. choudhary fym.arch jnec aurangabad

  1. 1. brutalismbrutalism SAURABH P. CHOUDHARY (F.Y.M. ARCH – JNEC)
  2. 2. brutalismH I S T O R Y brutalist architecture flourished – 1950’s till 1970’s descending from MODERNIST ARCHITECTURAL MOVEMENT of early 20th Century it gained momentum after WW II economically depressed countries sought inexpensive construction methods later, many architects choose brutalism for large budget projects, y g g p j
  3. 3. brutalismH I S T O R Y the term originates from french word for “RAW” L C b i UNITE D’HABITATION, FRANCE“RAW” as Le Corbusier described his choice of material – FRANCE “BETON BRUT” – raw concrete later Reyner Banham gave the term SECRETARIAT BUILDING, CHANDIGARH later Reyner Banham gave the term “BRUTALISM” to this emerging style the best work of brutalism was by Le Corbusier for 1952 – UNITE D’HABITATION, FRANCE & 1953 – SECRETARIAT BUILDING, CHANDIGARH
  4. 4. brutalismH I S T O R Y
  5. 5. brutalismC H A R A C T E R I S T I C S strong bold shapes reinforced concrete structures large areas of blank wall diagonal, sloping or strong curved elements contrasting Sunset Chapel, Acapulco with horizontal & vertical members Court Building, Buffalo City  De Rotterdam, Rotterdam Habitat 67 in Montreal, Canada
  6. 6. brutalismC H A R A C T E R I S T I C S formed with repeated modular elements surfaces of cast concrete are made to reveal basic nature of Constn. li t t f d l k dreveling texture of wooden planks used in-situ constn. brutalist bldg. mat. also include BRICK, GLASS, STEEL exposed conc. ext. can be brutalist & can belong to CONSTRUCTIVISM EXPRESSIONISM Villa Göth CONSTRUCTIVISM, EXPRESSIONISM, POST MODERNISM, DECONSTRUCTIVISM
  7. 7. brutalismC H A R A C T E R I S T I C S another theme is the exposure ofanother theme – is the exposure of building structure & services 1962-BOSTON CITY HALL – projected portions of bldg. indicate spcl. Nature of rooms. HUNSTANTON SCHOOL – water tank is prominent visible tower brutalism-as an Arch. Philosophy was associated SOCIALIST IDEOLOGY BOSTON CITY HALL associated SOCIALIST IDEOLOGY in Czechoslovakia brutalism was t d NATIONAL MODERNpresented as a NATIONAL – MODERN SOCIALIST ARCHITECTURAL STYLE HUNSTANTON SCHOOL
  8. 8. brutalismF A M O U S A R C H I T E C T S
  9. 9. brutalismF A M O U S A R C H I T E C T S 1966–1972 is a Grade II listed buildingis a Grade II listed building.
  10. 10. brutalismB U I L D I N G S Geisel Library, University of California, San Diego Grand Central Water Tower, Johannesburg
  11. 11. brutalismB U I L D I N G S Residential tower, Saint  Petersburg University  of Massachusetts Tehran City Theatre, Tehran
  12. 12. brutalismB U I L D I N G S Trans World Airlines (TWA) Terminal, JFK  Airport, New York, New York, USA, 1962 by  Eero Saarinen and Associates Art Museum, Colgate Western City Gate, Belgrade,  Serbia
  13. 13. brutalismW H A T ’S W R O N G fails horribly when neglected quality of concrete-the way its cured, bldg. locationq y y g crumbling, cracking & discoloring of concrete effects appearance of buildingseffects appearance of buildings cracks in concrete needs to be repaired urgently to reduce reinforcement rusting this is reoccurring work hence becomes expensive, time consuming. no one likes to live in crumbling bldg. which has become BRUTALLY UGLY
  14. 14. brutalismT O D A Y was dead by 1980’s giving way to STRUCTURAL EXPRESSIONISM & DECONSTRUCTIVISIM it’s experiencing an update in recent years, with concrete façade being sandblasted to createconcrete façade being sandblasted to create stone like surface Pierresvives, Montpellier by Zaha Hadid Architects (2012) these can also be noticed in renovations of brutalist bldgs. several brutalist bldgs. have been granted LISTED STATUS Casar de Cáceres Bus Station, Cáceres, Spain, 2003
  15. 15. brutalismC O N C L U S I O N war – ravaged Britain wanted a solution that looked modern & forward thinking & that filled with the excitement that followed the initial post-war depression the undeniable honest approach to architecture that demanded form follow function & avoided unnecessary decorations / flourishes the brutalism approach was all about showing off the materials from which the bldg. wasthe brutalism approach was all about showing off the materials from which the bldg. was made, about sharp angles, rough surfacing & exposed services brutalist architecture was relatively short lived fashion but due to the large number ofbrutalist architecture was relatively short lived fashion but due to the large number of building projects going on at the time of its peak leaves a lasting legacy
  16. 16. brutalismT H A N K Y O U SAURABH P. CHOUDHARY (F.Y.M. ARCH – JNEC)

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