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Surah al maidah


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Surah al maidah

  1. 1. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 1:• Fulfilling covenants ---- Covenant with creator, own self, with a person, group, party or government• Halal became Haram on Jews because of their breach of promise ---- The admonition of fulfillingcovenants before the Injunctions of lawful and lawful• List of Haram and Halal animals ----- Hunting is prohibited in state of Ihram• God is the absolute sovereign and has absolute authority to issue whatever command He mightwill.(lawful/unlawful)
  2. 2. ICNA Sisters Wing• Treat the symbols of God with due respect.• Ultimate standard of self control and compassion ----- control hatred and desire of revenge• Help one another in acts of righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin andtransgression.• The principle of mutual cooperation and Assistance ------ Taqwa• Perfection of Religion and completion of blessings ----- Last Ayah of Quran
  3. 3. ICNA Sisters Wing• Quran is the best blessing from Allah(swt) to Muslims which has most comprehensive guidelinesand injunctions for salvation here and hereafter.• All wholesome, good things are Halal, Haram things are few and their domains are specified inShariah.• The food of people of Book is lawful under what conditions ------- Zabiha of the people of Book• Muslims may marry only Christians and Jews, and of them only those who have beencharacterized as muhsanat (i.e. well-protected women)
  4. 4. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 2:• Wudu, Tayammum, and Ghusl• Convenience in deen while performing religious duties, Allah does not want to afflict people or tooverburden them.• Comprehensive direction in respect of both spiritual purity and physical cleanliness.• Covenant of Uqbah with Ansars of Madina• Steadfast for Allah as witness for justice ; Justice even when dealing with enemy ----- Taqwa• Taqwa and Tawakul Ilallah ------ Allah’s favor ; He will restrain your enemy
  5. 5. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 3:• Four conditions of Allah’s covenant with Bani Israel ----- Salah, Zakah, believe in Prophets and helpthem and lend Allah a good loan.• Reward ---- Allah will be with you, He will forgive evil sins and Paradise• Sawa al- sabil as the right way --The highroad of balance and moderation without exaggeration ornegligence• Punishment of breach of the covenant ----- Curse from Allah(swt) and hardening of hearts.
  6. 6. ICNA Sisters Wing• Perverting the words of Allah’s message from their context and thus distort their meaning, andforgetting a good portion of the teaching ----- Attitude of Muslim Ummah today• Attitude of Ihsan ----- Forgiving and over looking• Quran provides safety from false perceptions, outlook and ideology. It provide light and directs us tothe straight way ----- Only if when we don’t follow our unrestrained desires , follow the light fromQuran (listening/obeying)• Wishful claim of being Allah’s favorite ----- Heredity will not be useful in Hereafter
  7. 7. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 4:• Allah’s favors on Bani Israel and their refusal for life of Jihad.• Lack of trust (tawakul) on Allah (swt)• Difference between the attitude of Sahabah and Bani Israel ----- Helping the prophet• Wandering of the Israelites in Sinai Peninsula for 40 years ----- Deferment as a Remedy
  8. 8. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 5:• Offerings of Habeel and Qabeel ----- The right concept of Sacrifice• Sacrifice ---- ---- To seek the pleasure of Allah(swt), making something as a medium to seek Hisnearness(Sacrificing animals )• The condition of acceptance of sacrifice ----- Sincerity of intention, Taqwa and piety ---- Fear of Allah --- Following the laws which Allah(swt) has prescribed
  9. 9. ICNA Sisters Wing• Three kinds of Legal Islamic punishments ----- Hudud, Qisas and Tazirat1. Hudud ---- Islamic legal punishment delimited as Divine statue( Adultery, theft, robbery andfalse accusation of Adultery, drinking alcohol, Apostasy)2. Qisas ---- Even retaliation3. Tazirat ----- penalties, penal offences• Value of a human life ---- Saving a life is saving humanity, killing someone unjustly is a major sin• Punishment od Robbery and corruption (spreading mischief on earth ) ---- Importance oflaw and order in society
  10. 10. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 6:• Wasilah ---- A medium for seeking to gain nearness to Allah (swt) ---- Two permissble ways:Making a living person medium for your supplication , making your own good deeds as medium• Supplication after Adhan ---- A rank in Paradise for Prophet(saw)• Best medium --- Striving hard in way of Allah, Striving against evil (Jihad bin Nafs)( Goal of ICNA)• Had on a thief
  11. 11. ICNA Sisters Wing• Trials through Fitna ---- Trial for every being is from that sin which he likes or from his weaknessor short comings ---- Do self evaluation• The background of revelation ----- Adultery case from a Jewish tribe in Medina ---- playing gameswith divine judgments• Bribery and its evil consequences ----- unlawful earnings
  12. 12. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 7:• Compliance to Allah (swt) ----- Judgments according to The Book• Fearing God instead of human being• Do not barter away Allahs Ayahs for a trivial gain ----- Fatwa of your choice• Law of Qasas ---- An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth• Foregoing Qasas = expiation of sins , pardoning becomes atone for sins• Not judging by what Allah has revealed is injustice on one’s own self.• Allah’s Laws cannot be disregarded or abandoned because of one’s own desire or people’s desires.
  13. 13. ICNA Sisters Wing• Shariah and Minhaj ------- Shariah is the code of law, the way and Minhaj is its broadness, Allah’sBook is Shariah and Sunnah is minhaj. The purpose of all Shariahs were to achieve righteousness• Abiding by Laws prescribed by Allah(swt) at all times ----- Striving to seek pleasure of Allah(swt)• Trying to excel each other is righteousness• Instead of trying unity between different sects, accept and respect each other• Turning away from Laws of Allah is act of ignorance• Creating doubt about deen is Satans deception
  14. 14. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 8:• Muslims can deal with Non Muslims in the spirit of tolerance , sympathy, good will, equity & kindness.• Refrain from deep / fast friendship and indiscriminating intimacy with people of Book.• There is no social boycott, this refrainment is to protect one’s own Deen & Iman . Do self evaluation• Five qualities God’s beloved people; who strive for establishment of Deen• (1)He loves them & they love Him (2)humble towards the believers (3) firm towards the unbelievers(4) strive hard in the way of Allah (5) not afraid of the reproach of any critic• Self evaluation ------ Which qualities we have?
  15. 15. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 9:• Keep away from those who make a mockery and jest of your faith.• Eating of the unlawful ---- It develop selfishness ,greed and miserliness• Corruption of society which lead to collapse ----- When religious leaders do not forbid people fromsinful utterances and devouring unlawful earnings• Full obedience to divine commands brings blessing in this world too
  16. 16. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 10:• Emphasis on Tableegh and comfort for the Prophet(saw) ---- Deliver the message as is; Promise ofAllah’s protection• Allah has forbidden Paradise to those who associate anything with Him in His divinity.• Do not overstep the bounds of truth (Ghlu), prevent excessive in faith ----- Examples from daily life• Do not follow the vain desires of people in your religious beliefs ----- Materialism, Greek and Romanmyths, science, fashion, peer pressure
  17. 17. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 11:• Committing the abominable deeds is a crime as well as not forbidding other from committing it.Allah’s curse and punishment for both.• Lot of hadith on importance of enjoining good and forbidding evil .• Accepting truth even after propaganda against it has double reward.• Conscientious and God fearing people of Book ---- Role of Nijashi (Ruler of Ethiopia)
  18. 18. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 12:• Lawful and unlawful are only those which Allah allocate, exceeding or decrement from it istransgressing from the bounds of right.• Forms of transgressing from the bounds of right ---- Making Halal Haram, unlawful earnings etc.• Forms of oath and their injunctions ---- Expiation of breaking oath ---- Guardedness of oaths• Allah make clear to us His commandments ------ We have to be grateful.• Intoxicants, games of chance, idolatrous sacrifices at altars, and divining arrows ----- Enmity andmalice between each other
  19. 19. ICNA Sisters Wing• Refraining from them is true success here and Hereafter ---- Listen and obey rather than arguingabout their advantages and disadvantages ----- Self Surrender and obedience• Three times ----- Repetition ; Everything depends on God fearing• Ranks of Iman and Taqwa ----- Iman , Righteous deeds and Ihsan
  20. 20. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 13:• A trial of temptation ---- Forbidden will come across again and again to test you.• Taqwa -Fearing Allah truly in your heart without seeing Him ;dont exceed the boundaries set by Him.• Hunting in state of Ihram is prohibited.• Sea food is permissible.• The bad things (foul)and the good things(wholesome) are not equal.• Abundance of evil (impure) is pleasing ----- Test• Ampleness should not be the logic for pursuance. Action of majority/peer pressure is mostly a test.
  21. 21. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 14:• Prohibition of asking unnecessary questions.• Mixing up cultural traditions and religion ----- Superstitious practices• Following your forefathers ---- Our attitude and reasoning• Individual responsibility / accountability ----- Enjoining Good and forbidding evil ; not just comment,review and criticism but also self evaluation.• Bearing false witness is a major sin ------ Injunctions regarding wills.
  22. 22. ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 15:• The first question asked of Prophets on the day of Judgment.• Five questions for us at the day of judgment ----- what we did in our life? ; Where and in what activitiesspent our Youth? ; From which source earned our property? ; Where and for what purpose spent ourwealth? ; How acted upon for our acquired knowledge or science?• Some particular questions asked from Isa(AS) ----- Special blessings and favors on him.• Demand of repast from the disciples . Believers should not demand miracles.• How we show our gratitude?
  23. 23. ICNA Sisters WingRukooh No 16:• Did Jesus claim divinity?• Prophets do not have the knowledge of un seen.• The only truth that exist is Allah is one.