ICNA Sisters WingIntroduction Revealed before the migration to Abyssinia. Third stage of Prophet hood in Makah This Surah covers some very extra-ordinary events in history Mention of miraculous events! Events after the migration to Abyssinia. Jafar bin Abi Talib recites this Surah to the King of Abyssinia – Negus Allah sent this Surah as a “provision” to the immigrants to Abyssinia.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku 1 Lessons from the story of Zakariya (AS) Allah is Able and Willing to answer duas, even when there is no means. Etiquettes of making dua In secret, low voice, concealed as opposed to aloud. Recount Allah’s blessings on us. Mention of our weakness, inability and Allah’s Greatness.
ICNA Sisters Wing Dua for deen and duniya, not duniya alone – Zakariya (AS) wants a child to inherit the legacyof Yaqob (AS), as he fears no one will be able to carry on his work after him. Dua for child who is “tayyab” – excellent in character, righteous and devoted to Allah’s cause. Gratitude towards Allah, after receiving the blessings.
ICNA Sisters Wing Youth of Yahya (AS) Observe and follow the Book in letter and spirit, and instruct it to his people. Wisdom while still a child – “hukum” is ability to; make righteous decisions Form right opinions. Interpret the Divine Law Solve problems. Given the “authority from Allah to decide affairs”.
ICNA Sisters Wing Kindness and purity – “hanan”, same kind of intense love for Allahs servants as a mother hasfor her child. Dutiful towards his parents. He was not an arrogant oppressor or a transgressor.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku 2 Purpose of story of Maryam (AS) and birth of Isa (AS) Trials bring one closer to Allah. Transition from story of Zakariya (AS) to birth of Isa (AS) – Allah has the ability to do anything.He need only say: “Be” and it is. Miracles of Isa (AS)Birth without a father. Talking in the cradle.Design a bird of clay and blow life into it, with Allah’s permission.Bring sight to a person who was born blind. Heal the leper.
ICNA Sisters Wing “Sirat al Mustaqeem” – Addresses to both Jews and Christians, as both have oppositeextreme views about Isa (AS) Miracles were given to Isa (AS) to strengthen the “Doctrine of Tauhid” and reject shirk.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku 3 Mention of Ibrahim (AS) and his trials. Addressing the Quraish directly They also revere him as their leader and forefather. They forced their relatives to stop worshipping Allah or migrate from the land, likeIbrahim (AS). Etiquette for dawah to a superior. Show respect and love for the person. Present logical evidence. Speak in courteous and mannerly fashion. Convey your earnest intention for reform.
ICNA Sisters Wing Tarbiyah for emigrants to Abyssinia. Need for migration when times are tough. Develop moral courage to continue practicing their faith and do dawah too. Learn etiquette for dawah to Negus. Comfort to them that they will be blessed and honored like Ibrahim (AS).
ICNA Sisters WingRuku 4 Mention of other Prophets Learn and follow their Seerah. Sunnah of all Prophets; Establish Salah and give Zakah. Direct the family to do the same – “save yourself and your families from Fire” (SurahTahreem:6).
ICNA Sisters Wing Consequence of neglecting Salah Follow worldly desires. End all connection between them and Allah. Fall into immorality.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku 5 Addressing the people who reject Hereafter. Each and every person has to pass over the Fire. The disbelievers will be made to sit around the Fire on their knees. Dispel the idea that worldly affluence does not imply Allah’s Grace on the disbelievers.
ICNA Sisters Wing Many prosperous and rich nations crumbled to dust and vanished without leaving a trace. Allah gives respite to those who choose to disbelieve. Allah increases guidance to those who believe. – Everlasting good deeds are better in the sight of Allah.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku 6 Doctrine of Tauhid is reinforced. Rejection of attributing a “son to god”. Monstrous falsehood – the Heavens might crack, the earth might split apart and themountains might crumble to pieces! Quran has been made easy. Sent in the language of the Arabs, as they were the first addressees. Best language selected to present evidences and arguments. Full of parables and stories, for those who want to ponder.
ICNA Sisters Wing Allah’s Grace and Mercy is the central theme of the Surah. Mention of “Rahman” –16 times. Mention of “Rahmat” – 4 times.