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Surah Naba to Surah Fajr 2021 JTQ English

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Surah Naba to Surah Fajr 2021 JTQ English

  1. 1. ‫سورۃ‬ ‫با‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ --- ‫سورۃ‬ ‫الفجر‬
  2. 2. The inter connectivity of Surahs (77-82) Surah Mursalat –77 The resurrection will take place! Signs in history and in man’s creation. Comparison between Momineen/ Muttaqeen/ Mohsineen and criminals/ rejectors/liars. Surah Naba -78 Allah will establish Qiyamah as He has established the earth and all that it contains. Comparison between pious and transgressor. An-Nazi’at -79 The reality of resurrection and qiyamah. It teaches us the importance and relativity of time. The characteristics and outcome of the rebellious and the fearful/humble. Invitation of tazkiyah to Pharoah. Abasa -80 Ettiquetes of Dawa. It’s the invitation for tazkiyah. We have to act in this world as on the day of Qiyamah everyone will worry about their own selves. At-Takwir -81 Scenes from the day f Judgement. This Surah teaches us how to respond to accusations made against the Prophet. Allah again stresses that guidance is by His Will & so we must seek tawfeeq to gain guidance. Al-Infitar –82 Scenes from the day f Judgement. Allah reminds us that we are being recorded, so don’t be deluded. Comparison between Fujjar(wicked) and Abrar(virtuous) and their final destination.
  3. 3. The inter connectivity of Surahs (82-86) Al-Mutaffifin –83 Not to cheat in transactions in particular and in other affairs in general and avoid double standards. The placement of book od deeds and outcome in Hereafter for rejectors and pious will be different. Al-Inshiqaq-84 The day of judgment has many stages, and each stage is more severe than the previous. The way to make the stages easier; have eman and do good deeds so we can receive our book of deeds in our right hand instead of left hand or from our back. At-Tariq –86 Invitation to accept Akhirah via reflecting on evidences within ourselves and in universe. The Quran is serious discourse, not jest! The Quran is the final judging discourse. Souls will find fulfillment through the Quran. Al-Buruj –85 Practice patience at the time of calamities. After belief come trials. Those who persecute Muslims cannot escape the retribution of Allah. Believe in the Quran instead of rejecting it. Al-Infitar –82 Scenes from the day f Judgement. Allah reminds us that we are being recorded, so don’t be deluded. Comparison between Fujjar(wicked) and Abrar(virtuous) and their destination.
  4. 4. The inter connectivity of Surahs (86-89) Al-Fajr –89 Characteristics of Serene and un serene soul and their different destination in Hereafter. Trials are a test and must be met with Shukr, We should recognize Allah’s favors on us and give to the poor. Al-A’la-87 Only the people of humility will benefit from the reminder, attain self-purification, and will not be hindered by the duniya. Do tasbeeh of Allah and give dawah via the Quran. Three steps to achieve success --- self-purification, remembrance of Allah and giving preference to the Hereafter and not this life. Al-Ghashiyah –88 Comparison of the believers and disbelievers on the day of judgment. We should strive with correct belief and knowledge. Give dawah; convey the message and leave the outcome to Allah. Maintain dhikr through the Quran. At-Tariq –86 Invitation to accept Akhirah via reflecting on evidences within ourselves and in universe. The Quran is serious discourse, not jest! The Quran is the final judging discourse. Souls will find fulfillment through the Quran.
  5. 5. Do not differ regarding the Resurrection! This day is a reality. Ayah 1-5 Ayah 6-16 Ayah 17-20 Ayah 21-30 Ayah 31-37 Ayah 38-40 The mushrikeen differ on the eventuality of the Qiyamah. Warning on their doubts and wonder. 78 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫با‬‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ Inference of Akhirah through the Power, Providence and Wisdom of Allah. The scenes from the Hereafter The end of the transgressors in the hereafter. The end of the pious in the hereafter. Allah: His authority and rejection of false intercession
  6. 6.  Everything in this universe serves a purpose ---- Human’s life is also not purpose less.  Day of Accountability will surely come.  Sleep is a great gift.  The Hell is surely an ambush.  ‫ا‬ً‫ق‬‫ا‬َّ‫س‬َ‫غ‬ َّ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً‫م‬ۡ‫ي‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ ---- Food and drink for people in Hell Fire. Ruku No 1 (Ayah 1-30
  7. 7.  A complete record of sayings and doings, movements and occupations, even intentions, thoughts and aims in life.  Eternity of Hell ---- Punishment will not lessen neither one will be used to it.
  8. 8.  Blessings of Paradise --- For God fearing (Triumph)  Islamic concept of Intercession.  A person leading a careful and responsible life due to fear of accountability. Ruku No 2 (Ayah 31-40)
  9. 9.  A person who closes his eyes from reality which will be coming and live for pleasure of this life.  Who we want to be?  The disbeliever will say: “O Would that I had become dust” ---- regretful wish
  10. 10. 79 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫نازعات‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ Accept the Quranic belief in the akhirah! Leave the ways of the pharaohs and the rebellious and choose fear and humbleness instead. Ayah 1-7 Ayah 8-14 Ayah 15-26 Ayah 27-33 Ayah 34-41 Ayah 42-46 Inference of the eventuality of the akhirah through signs in the wind, clouds and angels. Inference of akhirah through the Omnipotence of Allah and the weakness of man. Inference of akhirah through the history of the pharaohs. Inference of the eventuality of the akhirah through the Omnipotence and Lordship of Allah. The outcome of the rebellious and the fearful/humble will be different. The people of humbleness prepare for the akhirah. Invitation to adopt Khashiyah.
  11. 11.  Oath has been sworn by five qualities of Angels to affirm that the Resurrection is a certainty.  The angels are subordinate to Divine Will, & they conduct the affairs of the universe strictly & precisely without any negligence or delay in the execution of His Command  Picturization of the day of Qiyamah  Rebel of Pharaoh ---- Arrogance, exceeding all limits of transgression Ruku No 1 (Ayah 1-24)
  12. 12.  Advice to talk softly and wisely with Pharaoh in persuasive manner ---- After gently talk through admonition and then imbued with fear.  ً‫ة‬َ‫ر‬ۡ‫ب‬ِ‫ع‬َ‫ل‬ --- Great Lesson  Fear of Accountability ---- Consequence of disobedience.
  13. 13.  The elaborate planning of this universe --- Few examples  Special marks of the inmates of Hell --- One who had rebelled and preferred the worldly life.  Special marks of the inmates of Paradise --- Feared to stand before their Lord & restrained himself from evil desires.  The timing of the Last Hour. Ruku No 2 (Ayah 25-46)
  14. 14. 80 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫بس‬‫ع‬ Accept the Quranic invitation to the hereafter and do good deeds. The heedless are transgressors and kafir. Ayah 1-10 Ayah 11-16 Ayah 17-21 Ayah 22-23 Ayah 24-32 Ayah 33-37 Ayah 38-42 Etiquettes of dawah The Quran is a reminder; leave heedlessness and accept Eman. The evidence of akhirah is within the self The invitation to act on the Quranic commands. The inference of akhirah from the evidence of the Lordship of Allah. Terrorful scenes from Qiyamah. Everyone for himself. The result of a pious momin and a transgressing kafir will be different.
  15. 15.  Circumstances of Revelation ---- Abdullah Ibn Umm Maktum  An important principle of teaching and preaching --- Education of Muslims & their reform takes priority over getting the Non-Muslim to embrace the Faith.  Admonition & advice are only beneficial to those who listen and pay heed --- Teach & preach everybody but special attention to those who want to listen. Ruku (Ayah 1-42)
  16. 16.  Quran is great Divine blessing --- Reminder --- Memorize it, recite it, act upon it, ponder on it & spread it.  Blessings of Allah(SWT) on Human being.  Human being is helpless under Allah’s command starting from his creation till death.  Effect of rain on earth ---- Cleaving of seedling ---- Various kinds of vegetation and plants.  On the Day when each man shall flee from his relatives.
  17. 17. 81 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫ير‬‫و‬‫تك‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ To be fearful of the terror of Qiyamah. Invitation to prepare for Hereafter and to have Eman in the Quran. First stage: Picture of Qiyamah. Second stage: Picture of Qiyamah. Ayah 1-6 Ayah 7-14 Ayah 15-21 Ayah 26-29 Ayah 22-25 Invitation to ponder on Character and personality of Rasolallah SAW Invitation to ponder on our behaviors through Quran The value and status of Quran
  18. 18.  Scene of the great upheaval in the Universe ---- 12 Signs of Qiyamah  Takwir means to fold up ---- On the Resurrection Day the turban will be folded up about the sun and its radiation will fade.  Pre-Islamic tradition of Arabian society --- Girls buried alive --- Modern Infanticide Ruku (Ayah 1-29) Abdullah bin Umar RA narrated that the Holy Messenger SAW said: "The one who wants that he should see the Resurrection Day as one would see it with one's eyes, should read Surah At- Takwir, Surah Al-Infitar and Surah Al-Inshiqaq“ (Ahmed, Tirmidhi) Ibn 'Abbas reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah, SAW, say, "There is no Muslim who has two daughters and takes good care of them but that he will enter the Garden.“(Bukhari)
  19. 19.  Attribute of Gabriel(AS)  Quran is an Admonition for all mankind, only such a person can benefit by it, who is himself desirous of adopting piety and righteousness. A seeker after truth and a lover of right is the foremost condition of his gaining any benefit from it.
  20. 20. 82 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫نفطار‬‫الا‬ Give up negligence and carelessness! Believe and do good deeds! Do not depend on intercession from others! Rely on your own deeds and the Mercy of Allah! The end of the righteous and the sinful will be different. First and second stage: Picture of Qiyamah. Ayah 1-5 Inference from the five stages of creation and ruboobiyah for the akhirah. Do not be heedless. Ayah 6-8 The reason for heedlessness is the rejection of the akhirah. Ayah 9-12 The end of the Abrar and Fujjar will be different. Do not rely on intercession. An invitation to belief and good action. Ayah 17-19 Ayah 13-16
  21. 21.  Scene of the great upheaval in the Universe ---- Scene of Qiyamah  Whatever good and evil deeds a man did in his life is “ma qaddamat” and whatever effects and influences of his acts he left behind for human society is “ma akhkharat”.  How man deceived himself about His Lord ---- Allah is generous & forgiving adopt moderate lifestyle or leave struggle for Iqamat e deen and spend time in Nawafil Ibadah or you have no hope for forgiveness so continue sinful life Ruku (Ayah 1-19)
  22. 22.  Allah’s blessing on Human beings ---- Gratitude  Main reason of sins & fearlessness ---- Denial of Here after  Noble recorders are guardians watching over us, who know all that we do and say.
  23. 23. 83 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫املطففني‬ Those who belie Judgment Day are Mutaffifin, Mukadhibeen, Mu`tud, Atheem, Mahroom, Kuffar and Fujjar. The end of the pious and transgressor will be different. The deniers of akhirah have double standards in relation to transactions regarding wealth. Transgressors - the deeds of the deniers of akhirah lead them to Sijjeen. Pious - the doers of good deeds, will be in Illiyyoon The causes for the outcomes on Judgment day. Ayah 1-6 Ayah 7-17 Ayah 18-28 Ayah 29-36
  24. 24.  Mutaffifin is derived from tatfif ---- curtailers --- Those who give short measure or weight.  Faulty intentions ---- Take full measure but give others short  The people of the Prophet Shu`aib were punished because the evil of giving short measure & weight.  Giving short measure in rights and responsibilities.  Main reason of moral corruption is lack of wariness for Akhirah Ruku (Ayah 1-36) Ibn ` Abbas ra narrated that the Holy Prophet ‫وسلم‬ ‫وآلہ‬ ‫عليہ‬ ‫ہللا‬ ‫صلی‬said: "When it becomes rampant in a community to steal from the spoils of war, Allah will cast terror of enemies into their hearts; when usury becomes a common practice in a community, death becomes a frequent occurrence in that society; a community that gives short measure and weight, Allah cuts off their sustenance; those who decide against the truth, murder becomes common among them; and those who betray their agreement, Allah causes their enemies to prevail upon them.“(Malik)
  25. 25.  ‫ن‬ۡ‫ي‬ ِ‫ج‬ِ‫س‬ -- َ‫ن‬ۡ‫ي‬ِ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬ -- Place for Records of deeds/ Register ---- Destination of souls  When a servant commits a sin, it marks a black stain on his heart.  Instead of competing for material perishable blessings of this world compete for blessings of Paradise.  Attitude of followers of falsehood towards the upholders of truth - Mocking & laughing Abu Hurairah narrates that the Holy Prophet SAW said: "Surely, when the servant commits a sin, a black dot appears on his heart. If he repents from it, his heart is polished clean. However, if he increases in the sin, the blackness continues to increase. That is the statement of Allah: ‫ل‬َ‫ب‬ ۖ َّ ‫َّل‬َ‫ك‬ ۜ ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬‫و‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬ ٰ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ان‬ َ‫ر‬ ' No! But that which they used to commit has covered their hearts with rust. (Nisai, Tirmidhi) Abdullah ibn Umar RA narrated: "Rasulullah (saw) said, “The hearts get rusted as does iron with water.” When someone asked, "What could cleanse hearts again?” Rasulullah SAW said, "Frequent remembrance of death and recitation of Qur'an."
  26. 26. 84 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫شقاق‬‫ن‬‫الا‬ Humanbeing should picture their next stage. Believe in the Quran! Receive record of deeds in the right hand and enter jannah. Ayah 1-6 Ayah 7-15 Ayah 16-19 Ayah 20-25 As the heavens and earth charter their cosmic course, so is man navigating his way to the next stage. Pious will receive their record of deeds in the right hand and the transgressors will receive it from behind their backs. Just as the dawn, the moon and nights go through stages, so does man. Invitation to believe in the Quran to avoid facing a severe punishment.
  27. 27.  Stretching of Earth and splitting up of sky.  Working hard, suffering hardships and slowly Human being is traveling towards his death to meet his Lord ---- Working for one desire after another  Easy accounting for those who will get their Book in their right hand.  Getting the record behind the back or in their left hand ---- Blazing fire and call for death Ruku (Ayah 1-25) The Prophet (SAW) said: Doomed will be he who is called to account for his deeds. Aishah said: O Messenger of Allah, has not Allah said: He whose record is given in his right hand shall have an easy reckoning? The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: That is only about the presentation of the deeds, but the one who is questioned would be doomed. (Muslim )
  28. 28.  Reason --- lived a life free from every care and worry and helped his children and kinsfolk also to enjoy life fully, how he had to usurp the rights of others and transgress the bounds set by Allah for the sake of the worldly pleasures.  Human Life ---- gradual movement from one stage to another  Prostrating due to Recitation of Quran ---- Sadjdah Tilawat
  29. 29. 85 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫الربوج‬ After belief come trials. Those who persecute Muslims cannot escape the retribution of Allah. Invitation to Believe in the Quran and be patient by witnessing the Attributes of Allah's inspiring awe and manifesting mercy. Ayah 1-11 Ayah 12-16 Ayah 17-18 Ayah 19-22 Evidence from sky and its constellations that those who torture believers will be punished. The people of ukhdood wee burnt alive for their belief in tawheed. The proof of reward and punishment of Hereafter through Allah’s Attributes of inspiring awe and manifesting mercy. His grip is very strong, yet He is also Ghafoor and Wadood. History teaches us lessons of reward and punishment. The deniers of the Hereafter have been advised to ponder over the grandeur of the holy Quran and believe in its invitation of Hereafter.
  30. 30. Around 6 kilometer south of Najran city center lies one of the most historic sites of Saudi Arabia. The site of Al-Ukhdood has traditionally been identified as the place of siege and massacre of Christians by the Jewish king Yusuf Dhu Nuwas in the 6th century AD.
  31. 31.  ‫د‬‫ح‬‫و‬ُ‫حد‬‫خ‬ُ ‫ح‬ ‫اۡل‬ ُ ‫ب‬ٰ ‫ح‬ ‫ۡص‬َ‫ا‬ ------- Courage and power of Faith.  Patience of Believers and their trials.  Punishment of Hell and Punishment of burning for those who torment believing men and women ---- ِ‫د‬‫ي‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ح‬‫ال‬ ِ‫يز‬ ِ ‫ز‬َ‫ع‬‫ال‬ Ruku (Ayah 1-22) It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬said: “The greatest reward comes with the greatest trial. When Allah loves a people, He tests them. Whoever accepts that wins His pleasure but whoever is discontent with that earns His wrath.” (Ibne Majah) Abu Huraira reported God’s messenger as saying, “The believer is like a plant which is continually swayed by the wind, for the believer is continually afflicted by trial; but the hypocrite is like a cedar tree which does not shake till it is cut down.” (Bukhari and Muslim.)
  32. 32.  Allah’s unique Attributes --- ُ‫ر‬‫ح‬‫و‬ُ‫ف‬َ‫غ‬‫ح‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ُ‫د‬‫ح‬‫ُو‬‫د‬َ‫و‬‫ح‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ - He forgives those who repent regardless of the enormity and horror of their sins & loves His servants who choose Him.  ‫ش‬‫ح‬‫ر‬َ‫ع‬‫ح‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ --- ُ‫د‬‫ح‬‫ي‬‫ج‬َ‫م‬‫ح‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ -- the Executor of what He wills --- These attributes portray God’s absolute will, dominance and power  Pharaoh and Thamud, two very different instances of God’s punishment  The writ of the Qur'an is unchangeable and imperishable.
  33. 33. 86 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫الطارق‬ Man has to present himself in front of Allah and give account of his deeds. The Quran is the final judging discourse. Souls will find fulfillment through the Quran Ayah 1-4 Ayah 5-10 Ayah 4 -11 Ayah 15-17 Everyone has angels overseeing and recording them. The evidences for the akhirah from within oneself. Tawhid of Power. Predictions of spread of Quranic message through two universal arguments. The kuffar are being given brief respite. Console to believers.
  34. 34.  ‫ق‬‫ار‬َّ‫الط‬ ------ Night visitor, stars, path  A Guardian": Allah Almighty Himself, Who is looking after and watching over every creature, big or small, in the earth and heavens  The procreative fluid in both man and woman is discharged from that part of the body which is between the backbone and the breastbone. Ruku (Ayah 1-17)
  35. 35.  "Sulb" is the backbone & "tara'ib"the breast- bones, i.e., the ribs.  Since the procreative fluid in both man & woman is discharged from that part of the body which is between the back & the breast, it is said that man has been created from the fluid issuing out froth between the back & the breast.  This fluid is produced even in case the hands and feet are cut off.  In embryonic stages, the reproductive organs of the male & female, i.e., the testicles & the ovaries, begin their development near the kidney exactly between the spinal column & the 11th & 12th ribs.  Later they descend; the female gonads(ovaries) stop in the pelvis while the male gonads continue their decent before birth to reach the scrotum outside the body through the inguinal canal.  Even after the embryonic stage after the decent of the reproductive organ, these organs receive their nerve supply and blood supply (from the Aorta) & lymphatic drainage which is in the area between the backbone (spinal column) and the ribs.  Even the lymphatic drainage & the venous return goes to the same area.
  36. 36.  On the Resurrection Day not only will the acts & deeds of every person be examined but his motive & intention & object of so acting will be examined too.  Quran is surely a decisive Word ---- It is a book which describes the stories of the past communities, and it contains injunctions for the future generation. Decide between Truth and Falsehood. Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger ‫ﷺ‬said, "(A group of) angels stay with you at night and (another group of) angels by daytime, and both groups gather at the time of the 'Asr and Fajr prayers. Then those angels who have stayed with you overnight, ascend (to Heaven) and Allah asks them (about you) ---- and He knows everything about you. "In what state did you leave My slaves?' The angels reply, 'When we left them, they were praying, and when we reached them they were praying.’ “(Bukhari)
  37. 37. : 87 ‫سورۃ‬ ‫الاعىل‬ Instructions to continue glorifying Allah and reminding with the Quran! Those who fear Allah will benefit from the invitation of Quran and will follow the program of self purification. The worldly attractions will not impede their way. Ayah 1-5 Ayah 6-8 Ayah 14-15 Ayah 16-19 Ayah 9-13 Make tasbeeh through recognizing the Lord, Creator and His Creation The responsibility of preservation the Quranic revelation is with Allah. The command to remind with the Quran The salah and dhikr are fundamental for purification. The world cannot be an obstacle for the people of humility and purification ‫حات‬ّ‫ب‬‫س‬‫م‬
  38. 38. Numan b. Bashir reported that the Messenger of Allah ‫وسلم‬ ‫عليہ‬ ‫ہللا‬ ‫صلی‬ used to recite on two 'Ids and in Friday prayer: GlorifyThe name ofThy Lord, the Most High (Surah lxxxvii.), and: Has there come to thee the news of the overwhelming event (lxxxviii.). And when the 'Id and Jum'ah combined on a day he recited these two (surah) in both the prayers. (Muslim)
  39. 39.  Pronounce the purity of our Most Exalted Lord ---- Tasbeehat, Remembrance of Allah --- 99 Attributes of Allah(SWT) --- Tasbeeh of Sujood  The Perfection of God’s creation ---- Subtle and profound wisdom in creation of this universe.  Everything has a special purpose --- Allah guided everything how to perform & given them suitable nature to function for which it was created --- Destiny  Stages of Hidayah --- Nature, Nafs, Books, prophet, Tawfeeq  Ayah 4 and 5 --- Process of oil creation inside earth Ruku (Ayah 1-19) ‫حات‬ّ‫ب‬‫س‬‫م‬
  40. 40.  Allah’s promise to ease us to follow the way of Ease --- A Life characterized by Ease --- Allah has given us a simple code of law, which is easy to practice and act upon.  Admonish people, continue preaching and never abandoned it.
  41. 41.  One who has fear of God and of evil consequences, will consider whether or not he is following a wrong way, and he only will heed the admonition.  Behavior of those who will prosper ---- 1) Purifies themselves ( Tazkiyah of Faith, wealth and character) 2) Establish prayers --- Remembrance of Allah  Preferring the worldly blessings and comforts over the Hereafter is the main disease.
  42. 42. 88 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫يه‬‫ش‬‫الغا‬ Maintain dhikr through the Quran. The disbelievers and beliers of Qiyamah, and those who turn away will be faced with huge punishment. Ayah 1-7 Ayah 8-16 Ayah 17-20 Ayah 21-26 The end of those who deny the life Hereafter. The final outcome of the faithful believers in Qiyamah. Inference of akhirah from four natural evidences Maintain dhikr through the Quran.
  43. 43.  ِ‫ة‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ش‬‫َا‬‫غ‬ۡ‫ال‬ ---The over-shadowing/over whelming calamity  Description of the faces on The day of Resurrection ---- fearful and down, radiant with joy  Food and drink of Hell Fire --- ‫حميم‬ ، ‫غسلين‬, ‫ضريع‬ ، ‫زقوم‬  Blessings of Paradise --- Decorations ---- No absurd and vain talk Ruku (Ayah 1-26)
  44. 44.  Miracle of Camel ---- Storage of Water(7 to 8 days), folding its legs in three- fold, two knees, laborious, accustomed of walking the whole night http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0fyxScBbgo Camels Miracle of Creation
  45. 45.  Signs of Allah(SWT) ---- Heavens and Earth and Mountains  Responsibility of a Da’ee ---- To deliver The message.  Allah is the one who is The Reckoner, who will account us.
  46. 46. 89 : ‫سورۃ‬ ‫الفجر‬ Those satisfied souls who accept the Quranic call to tawheed and akhirah, and establish societal justice, will gain close proximity to Allah. Ayah 1-5 Ayah 6-14 Ayah 15-16 Ayah 21-26 Ayah 27-30 Ayah 17-20 Based on physical evidence, intelligent people will affirm belief in akhirah. Inferring punishment, reward and akhirah through analogical reasoning of the histories of Aad, Thamud and Pharaoh. The satisfied soul is thankful and patient in time of bliss and/or grief. Un grateful attitude of criminal soul. The usurping soul that takes the rights of orphans, needy and the weak is criminal. On the day of Qiyamah the criminal souls will be regretful and will receive severe punishment. By acting on that which pleases Allah the satisfied soul will rightfully be given Jannah and close proximity to Allah.
  47. 47. Importance of Fajr ---- When the light from the darkness of the night ِ ‫ر‬ۡ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ۡ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ ِ‫ع‬ۡ‫ف‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬ َّ‫و‬ ----- Even and Odd ---- Every ten days of a month and shapes of moon The balanced & harmonized system of this universe created by Allah(SWT) for the benefits of Mankind. Ad, Thamud and Pharaoh ---- Resourceful and equipped with latest technology, superpowers of their time but when they spread corruption in the world, Allah destroys them. Ruku (Ayah 1-30)
  48. 48.  The general moral state of the people ---- Man's materialistic view of life, he regards the wealth and position and power of this world alone as everything.  Adversity and prosperity both are trials --- Human behavior at both times  Four evil deeds which leads to corruption in the world --- 1) not treating the orphan honorably 2) do not even urge one another to feed the poor 3) greedily devour the entire inheritance 4) Excessive love of wealth
  49. 49.  Scene of The Day of Judgment --- despondency of Humans  ُ‫ة‬َّ‫ن‬ِٕ‫ٮ‬َ‫م‬ۡ‫ط‬ُ‫م‬ۡ‫ال‬ ُ‫س‬ۡ‫ف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ------ Last 4 Ayahs(Memorize) ---- Courteousness towards the soul who will be peaceful and satisfied(serene soul)  Types of Souls and How can we become serene soul?
  50. 50.  By adopted the Islamic Way of Life with full satisfaction of the heart, and without the least doubt about it. Withheld ourselves from whatever is forbidden by Allah's Religion, not unwillingly but with perfect conviction that it was really an evil thing, offer sacrifice required for the sake of the truth. Endured with full peace of mind whatever difficulties, troubles and hardships we met on this way and felt no remorse on being deprived of the gains and benefits and pleasures in the world.
  51. 51. The inter connectivity of Surahs (77-82) Surah Mursalat –77 The resurrection will take place! Signs in history and in man’s creation. Comparison between Momineen/Muttaqeen/Mohsineen and criminals/ rejectors/liars. Surah Naba -78 Allah will establish Qiyamah as He has established the earth and all that it contains. Comparison between pious and transgressor. An-Nazi’at -79 The reality of resurrection and qiyamah. It teaches us the importance and relativity of time. The characteristics and outcome of the rebellious and the fearful/humble. Invitation of tazkiyah to Pharoah. Abasa -80 Ettiquetes of Dawa. It’s the invitation for tazkiyah. We have to act in this world as on the day of Qiyamah everyone will worry about their own selves. At-Takwir -81 Scenes from the day f Judgement. This Surah teaches us how to respond to accusations made against the Prophet. Allah again stresses that guidance is by His Will & so we must seek tawfeeq to gain guidance. Al-Infitar –82 Scenes from the day f Judgement. Allah reminds us that we are being recorded, so don’t be deluded. Comparison between Fujjar(wicked) and Abrar(virtuous) and their final destination.
  52. 52. The inter connectivity of Surahs (82-86) Al-Mutaffifin –83 Not to cheat in transactions in particular and in other affairs in general and avoid double standards. The placement of book od deeds and outcome in Hereafter for rejectors and pious will be different. Al-Inshiqaq-84 The day of judgment has many stages, and each stage is more severe than the previous. The way to make the stages easier; have eman and do good deeds so we can receive our book of deeds in our right hand instead of left hand or from our back. At-Tariq –86 Invitation to accept Akhirah via reflecting on evidences within ourselves and in universe. The Quran is serious discourse, not jest! The Quran is the final judging discourse. Souls will find fulfillment through the Quran. Al-Buruj –85 Practice patience at the time of calamities. After belief come trials. Those who persecute Muslims cannot escape the retribution of Allah. Believe in the Quran instead of rejecting it. Al-Infitar –82 Scenes from the day f Judgement. Allah reminds us that we are being recorded, so don’t be deluded. Comparison between Fujjar(wicked) and Abrar(virtuous) and their destination.
  53. 53. The inter connectivity of Surahs (86-89) Al-Fajr –89 Characteristics of Serene and un serene soul and their different destination in Hereafter. Trials are a test and must be met with Shukr, We should recognize Allah’s favors on us and give to the poor. Al-A’la-87 Only the people of humility will benefit from the reminder, attain self-purification, and will not be hindered by the duniya. Do tasbeeh of Allah and give dawah via the Quran. Three steps to achieve success --- self-purification, remembrance of Allah and giving preference to the Hereafter and not this life. Al-Ghashiyah –88 Comparison of the believers and disbelievers on the day of judgment. We should strive with correct belief and knowledge. Give dawah; convey the message and leave the outcome to Allah. Maintain dhikr through the Quran. At-Tariq –86 Invitation to accept Akhirah via reflecting on evidences within ourselves and in universe. The Quran is serious discourse, not jest! The Quran is the final judging discourse. Souls will find fulfillment through the Quran.

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