We are gearing up to bring 350+ students out to the Ohop Creek restoration project for the 2014 planting season. We will use this presentation in your classroom to prepare your students for this service learning project.
European settlers couldn’t pronounce “Squally-Absch”
Built dikes Cleared local vegetation Farmed crops and animals Ditched creeks
Pollution and run-off continue
Landscape continues to change….
Wildlife and many other natural resources are at risk.
NREP partners with many schools, teachers and students…
A river is always changing shape due to natural erosion processes. Improves connection with other streams within the floodplain Provides temperature control Creates different speeds of water, giving fish rest areas instead of one fast stream Stabilizes river banks Helps protect flooding of man-built parts of the Nisqually watershed including: Highway 7, Peterson Road, bridges, and adjacent neighborhoods.
Phase 1: Replanting 100 acres along the river Installing 40 log jams 400 trees
Phase 2: Realigning ditched channel
Provide food and homes to animals in the ecosystem, which are necessary for their survival.
Benefits wildlife, especially salmon
5 Nisqually salmon: Chinook, Coho, Chum, and Pink salmon and Steelhead
Does anyone know what a redd is?
Provide habitat for bugs, food for the juvenile salmon, and leaves, which feed the base of the food chain in the stream
Red Alder Facts: Red alders can grow to be more than 120 feet tall and have the ability to fix nitrogen, contributing to the abundance of this limited nutrient. Oregon Ash Facts: The Oregon ash is a deciduous tree that can grow over 80 feet tall and live up to 250 years.
Balsam Poplar Facts: Balsam poplar is a fast growing deciduous tree that can grow up to 98 feet tall. Bees collect resin and use it to seal off intruders, such as mice, which might damage and infect the hive. Sitka Spruce Facts: The Sitka Spruce is an evergreen tree that can grow over 340 feet tall and is the largest species of spruce. Natives used softened pitch to patch and waterproof boats, harpoons and fishing gear.
Pacific Crab Apple Facts: Natives would cook and mash the apples. The wood is hard and somewhat flexible and was used to make tool handles, bows, wedges, and digging sticks. Red Osier Dogwood Facts: Natives sometimes used the branches for basket rims.
Twin Honeysuckle Facts: The berries are incredibly bitter and attract birds, bears, and small mammals. Pacific Ninebark Fact: Natives would use parts of this plant for medicinal purposes.
Cascara Fact: Cascara is deciduous and can grow as a shrub up to 15 feet or a small tree 50 feet. Natives used cascara as a medicine to wash wounds and swelling. Swamp Rose Fact: Bright, pink flowers grow in groups of 2-10 and bear fruit or “rose hips.” These attract and provide food for birds and mammals.
Rose Spirea Fact: Reproduce from rhizomes (an underground stem) that allows it to grow in thickets Sitka Willow Fact: Natives pounded the bark and applied it topically to wounds as a healing agent, ground it to a powder and mixed with cereal to make bread, and used it for making rope.
NREP Ohop Tree Planting Pre-trip - Elementary
The First People
•The Nisqually Tribe
•“Squally-absch”, or “People of the
river, People of the grass country”.
•Traditionally lived off the land and
•Salmon are important to their diet
European Settlers came….
• Cleared local vegetation
• Ditched creeks
The Ohop Valley Story
Ohop Creek is the 2nd most important salmon-producing
tributary of the Nisqually River.
A century ago, the creek was drained into a ditch. This was
done to dry-out the valley for dairy farming.
• Re-meander stream
• Removing old buildings
• Removing invasive plants
• Replanting the large
Why Re-meander a stream?
Meander= to follow a winding, bending course.
Cascara Rhamnus purshiana Swamp Rose Rosa pisocarpa
Rose Spirea Spiraea douglasii Sitka Willow Salix sitchensis
Walk, don’t run.
Stay in sight of the group at all times.
Sharpened regularly, which makes them dangerous.
Never carry shovels over your shoulder.
Tip should always be pointed towards the ground, like