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TYPES OF IV FLUIDS AND USES
SHROOQ ALENIZY
OBJECTIVES
Definition to the fluid mechanism.
Indication of use to the IVF.
Types of IVF
Nursing care during IVF admin...
Definition of IV Fluids
The word "intravenous" as a noun refers to an intravenous
fluid drip, a solution (usually a balanc...
Indications of IV Therapy
provide fluid and electrolyte maintenance, restoration,
and replacement
• Administer medication...
TYPES OF IV FLUIDS
1/ colloid:
Solutions that contain large molecules that
don’t pass the cell membranes.
When infused, th...
TYPES OF IV FLUIDS
Volume expanders (Colloid)
–Are used to increase the blood volume
following
severe loss of blood (haemo...
TYPES OF IV FLUIDS
2/ Crystalloid:
Solutions that contain small molecules that flow easily
across the cell membranes, allo...
TYPES OF IV FLUIDS
Electrolyte solutions (Crystalloid)
–Fluids that consist of water and dissolved
crystals, such as salts...
Solutions Types
1/ Hypotonic - solutions
that have a lower
osmolality than body
fluids
2/ Hypertonic - solutions
that have...
Nursing care during IVF
administrations
Check the IV solution for the type amount, percent of solution and rate of
flow
•A...
COMPLICATIONS
Infection – redness,
swelling and
drainage at site;
chills, fever,
malaise,
headache
•Tissue damage –
skin c...
COMPLICATIONS
Phlebitis – heat,
redness, tenderness,
not
hard and swollen
Thrombophlebitis –
heat, redness,
tenderness, ha...
COMPLICATIONS
Infiltration – Edema,
pain, and coolness at
the site
Catheter embolism –
decrease BP, pain
along vein, weak,...
COMPLICATIONS
Circulatory overload –
increased BP,
distended jugular veins,
rapid breathing,
dyspnea, moist cough
and crac...
COMPLICATIONS
Hematoma – ecchymosis,
immediate
swelling and leakage of
blood at the site,
and hard painful lumps
at the si...
REFERENCES
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.
asp?articlekey=4064
http://www.scribd.com/doc/6663781/IV-
Therapy...
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Types of iv fluids and uses

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Types of iv fluids and uses

  1. 1. TYPES OF IV FLUIDS AND USES SHROOQ ALENIZY
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES Definition to the fluid mechanism. Indication of use to the IVF. Types of IVF Nursing care during IVF administrations Complications of IVTherapy.
  3. 3. Definition of IV Fluids The word "intravenous" as a noun refers to an intravenous fluid drip, a solution (usually a balanced electrolyte solution) administered directly into the venous circulation. Intravenous (iv) therapy is the insertion of a needle or catheter/cannula into a vein, based on the physician’s written prescription.The needle or catheter / cannula is attached to a sterile tubing and a fluid container to provide medication and fluids.
  4. 4. Indications of IV Therapy provide fluid and electrolyte maintenance, restoration, and replacement • Administer medication and nutritional replacement • Administer blood and blood products • Administer chemotherapy to cancer patients • Administer key-controlled analgesics • Keep a vein open for quick access
  5. 5. TYPES OF IV FLUIDS 1/ colloid: Solutions that contain large molecules that don’t pass the cell membranes. When infused, they remain in the intravascular compartment and expand the intravascular volume and they draw fluid from extravascular spaces via their higher oncotic pressure.
  6. 6. TYPES OF IV FLUIDS Volume expanders (Colloid) –Are used to increase the blood volume following severe loss of blood (haemorrhage) or loss of plasma ( severe burns). –Expanders present in dextran, plasma, and albumin.
  7. 7. TYPES OF IV FLUIDS 2/ Crystalloid: Solutions that contain small molecules that flow easily across the cell membranes, allowing for transfer from the bloodstream into the cells and body tissues. This will increase fluid volume in both the interstitial and intravascular spaces ( Extravascular ). It is subdivided into: •Isotonic •Hypotonic •hypertonic
  8. 8. TYPES OF IV FLUIDS Electrolyte solutions (Crystalloid) –Fluids that consist of water and dissolved crystals, such as salts and sugar. –Used as maintenance fluids to correct body fluids and electrolyte deficit . –Divided to different types.
  9. 9. Solutions Types 1/ Hypotonic - solutions that have a lower osmolality than body fluids 2/ Hypertonic - solutions that have a higher osmolality than body fluids 3/ Isotonic - solutions that have the same osmolality as body fluids
  10. 10. Nursing care during IVF administrations Check the IV solution for the type amount, percent of solution and rate of flow •Assess the health status and medical disorders •Wash hands thoroughly and use sterile technique • Prime the tubing to remove air from the system • Change the IV site every 48 – 72 hrs • Change the IV dressing every 72 hrs especially when wet and contaminated • Change the IV tubing every 24 to 72 hrs • Label the tubing, dressing and solution bags indicating the date and time when changed • Before adding med or solutions, swab access ports with 70% alcohol • In preparing to Administer IntravenousTherapy the nurse selects the most appropriate insertion site and type of cannula for a particular patient • Documentation
  11. 11. COMPLICATIONS Infection – redness, swelling and drainage at site; chills, fever, malaise, headache •Tissue damage – skin color change, sloughing of skin, discomfort at site
  12. 12. COMPLICATIONS Phlebitis – heat, redness, tenderness, not hard and swollen Thrombophlebitis – heat, redness, tenderness, hard and cordlike vein
  13. 13. COMPLICATIONS Infiltration – Edema, pain, and coolness at the site Catheter embolism – decrease BP, pain along vein, weak, rapid pulse, cyanosis of nail beds, loss of consciousness
  14. 14. COMPLICATIONS Circulatory overload – increased BP, distended jugular veins, rapid breathing, dyspnea, moist cough and crackles Electrolyte overload – signs depend on the specific electrolyte imbalance
  15. 15. COMPLICATIONS Hematoma – ecchymosis, immediate swelling and leakage of blood at the site, and hard painful lumps at the site Air embolism – tachycardia, dyspnea, hypotension, cyanosis, decreased level of consciousness
  16. 16. REFERENCES http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art. asp?articlekey=4064 http://www.scribd.com/doc/6663781/IV- Therapy C:UsershpDesktopStudyGuide - NCLEX Questions for Brunner and Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing 12th edition(1) - Shortcut.lnk

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