WHY I CHOOSE AR. ANTONI GAUDI
WAS UNIQUE, DEVELOPED HIS OWN UNIQUE STYLE
NEVER MADE PLANS, ONLY 3D PLANS
NEVER USED STRAIGHT LINES , BUT CURVED LINES.
ANTONI GAUDI- LIFE
He was an Spanish architect born in Reus
(Baix Camp, Catalonia)
After leaving the school, he went to
He graduated as architect in 1878.
Almost his entire professional activity took
place in Barcelona.
ABOUT ANTONI GAUDI
Full name Antoni Placid Guillem Comet
He became vegetarian at a young age.
Spanish architect whose idiosyncratic work, characterized by
undulating curves and richly colored scrambled textures, won wide
international recognition only after the mid-20th century.
develop his unique style—blending element`s of Gothic art, art
nouveau, known as modernismo in Catalonia, and functional structure.
His favorite forms were inclined columns to add stress to ceilings,
paraboloid arches, thin edge-butted tile vaults, and the richest, most
colorful textures possible, often mosaics made of broken tile scraps.
He didn't draw his buildings, but made 3D models/sculptures.
His nickname was 'God's Architect' due to the religious images in his
DEVELOPMENT AS A PROFESIONAL
Upon graduation, Gaudí initially worked in the artistic vein of his Victorian
soon developed his own style, composing his works with juxtapositions
of geometric masses and animating the surfaces with patterned brick or
stone, bright ceramic tiles and floral or reptilian metalwork
During his early period, at the Paris World's Fair of 1878, Gaudí
displayed a showcase he had produced, which impressed one patron
enough to lead to Gaudí's working on the Güell Estate and Güell Palace,
In 1883, Gaudí was charged with the construction of a Barcelona
cathedral called Basilica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia
The plans had been drawn up earlier, and construction had already
begun, but Gaudí completely changed the design, stamping it with his
own distinctive style.
experimented with various permutations of historic styles- the Episcopal
Palace and the Casa de los Botines both Gothic, and the Casa Calvet
which was done in the Baroque style. Some of these commissions were
the result of the 1888 World's Fair, at which Gaudí once again staged an
THE MATURED ARTIST
He created a type of structure known as EQUILIBRATED i.e., it could
stand on its own without internal bracing, external buttressing, etc.
The primary functional elements of this system were columns that
tilted to employ diagonal thrusts and lightweight tile vaults.
Notably, Gaudi used his equilibrated system to construct two
Barcelona apartment buildings: the casa ballot (1904–06) and the
casa milà (1905–10), whose floors were structured like clusters of tile
lily pads. Both projects are considered to be characteristic of
ARCHI T ECT URAL
T E CHNOL OGI E S
Gaudí’s work employing organic or natural forms, curved or
undulating lines, reclaimed materials, ceramic bricks, trencadís
He projects in such a way that the form does not become a mere
stylistic caprice, but rather finds its reason for being in the function
for which it was conceived. For examples: the schools at the
Sagrada Família and hyperbolic vaults.
He used steel inside of the building to reinforce his structure.
FACTS N THEORIES OF GAUDI
Those who look for the laws of
nature as a support for their new
works collaborate with the creator.
Nothing is art if it doesn’t
come from nature
The creation continues
incessantly through the
media of man
Color in certain places has
the great value of making the
outlines and structural planes
seem more energetic
There are no straight lines or
sharp corners in nature,
therefore buildings must have no
straight lines or straight corners.
T E MP L E D E L A
F A M I L I A Sagrada FamiliaAsoars nearly
560 feet into
the Barcelona skyline,
ensconced by scaffolding,
towered over by cranes
For Antoni Gaudi, the Sagrada Familia, the
massive structure was meant as a tribute to
both god and the Roman Catholic Church
STAINED GLASS WINDOWS
INSIDE ROOF(COLOUMNS ARE DESIGNED AS TREES BRANCHES
SCHOOLS AT THE SAGRADA FAMILIA:
UNDULATING ROOF & OSCILLATING FACADE
Roof architecture at Casa Batlló.
The main floor contains the large lounge characterised by a
long gallery with leaded windows
the fine woodwork in its interior.
Another area is the loft, which is a perfect combination of
beauty and functionality, inspired by Mediterranean
construction, and created using a series of catenary arches
which support the vaults of the ceiling.
facade reminds of an oil painting, a carnival, in which the
mosaic tiling is confetti,
the wrought-iron balconies are masks, and the pinnacle of the
facade is a Harlequin’s hat.
The outside of Casa Batlló represents the legend of Sant Jordi
(Saint George), the patron saint of Catalonia
The tower were interpreted as its four arms, the balconies as
the skulls of the dragon’s victims, and the stone columns as
Casa Batlló was declared a UNESCO world Heritage Site in
Family residence in Barcelona and built
for industrialist Manuel Vicens.
Gaudí's first important work & added to
the UNESCO World Heritage Site "
built in the period 1883-1889.
Exhibits the Moorish influence,
particularly evident at the top.
The house is constructed of undressed
stone, rough red bricks, and colored
ceramic tiles in checkerboard and floral
The owner, Manuel Vicens, was the
owner of a brick and tile factory, so the
ceramic tiles pay tribute to his
The plan is asymmetrical with
protruding gables and buttresses.
Galleries project even farther at the top.
•Rooftop towers are reminiscent of
•The structure stands out for its
simplicity, its colouring, its natural
motifs, its abundant decoration,
•The building displays a
MOORISH ARCHITECTURE ON ROOF
WROUGHT IRON GATEWAY
WROUGHT IRON WINDOWS
Hotel Tassel, Brussels
All made of wrought iron as it is
appropriate for both structural and
―The effect is one of great
the load-bearing columns left
exposed, making them become a
This was a common trait in Art
Nouveau - making structural
features appear ornamental.
Horta has echoed the curves in the
balustrading with the curved stairs,
tiled mosaic floor and the painted
The use of large areas of glass and
the linear iron supports allows for a
delicate, almost transparent
at a Paris metro.
The green enamel
work here is
reminiscent of real
Reaction against the styles that were developed by
Objects were simple in form, without decoration.
Emphasize the qualities of the materials used ("truth to
Used patterns inspired by British flora and fauna.
Influenced by the Gothic Revival (1830–1880) & interested
in medieval styles, using bold forms and strong colors
based on medieval designs.
believe in the moral purpose of art.
To express the beauty of craft, some products were
deliberately left slightly unfinished, resulting in a certain
rustic and robust effect.
A purely non-objective approach in the making of
artwork, without reference to the real world
Essentially geometric, precise and almost
mathematical; in fact a number of Rodchenko drawings
were executed with compass and ruler
Used squares, rectangles, circles and triangles as the
predominant shapes in carefully composed artworks,
whether drawing, painting, design or sculpture
Emphasized the dominance of the world of machines
and structures over nature
Methods and Materials
Dealt with such a wide range of materials that anything
was possible; wood, celluloid, nylon, Plexiglas, tin,
cardboard and early forms of plastic were used through
a variety of constructing methods from glue through to
Lacked the more engineered approach developed by
Employed new materials, construction, and joining
methods, including aluminum, electronic components
Industrial materials such as glass, steel, and plastic in
clearly defined arrangements. Because of their
admiration for machines and technology, functionalism,
and modern mediums