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Catalan education system

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Catalan education system

  1. 1. Learning spaces:for growing and living together@NewsNeusDra. Neus Lorenzo i Galésnlorenzo@xtec.catEducational Policies in CataloniaBarcelona, March 2013Ref: https://fbcdn-sphotos-e-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-prn1/521953_365649436874735_862622492_n.jpg
  2. 2. ContentWhere?Short introduction: the Catalan education systemWhat?Exploring concepts and tendenciesWhy?Reflecting on present and future with some dataHow?Interaction for collective knowledge building… and then what?Questions and Starting point
  3. 3. Why?Where?What? How?History doesn’t happen to us...We actively build it every day!Neus Lorenzo
  4. 4. Catalonia, a Mediterranean regionwith a long historyhttp://i269.photobucket.com/albums/jj49/Stirpes_Net/mapas/CatalanEmpire.jpgExpansion: XIV-XV century
  5. 5. Catalan educational policies focus on…Inclusion:Consolidating social cohesionwith inclusive education, andenriching citizenship in diversity.ESPRONCEDA SchoolCompetencies:Providing citizens in newgenerations with the necessarycompetencies for employability,sustainability and flexibility to facefuture unexpected challenges.
  6. 6. Androulla VASSILIOU:Commissioner Education, Culture, Multilingualism YouthPriorities: José Manuel Barroso, president of the UE.European priorities: Strategies 2020New aims at the European Union (2009)Reactivating economy and competitivelyFighting for social cohesion, against poverty and unemploymentReinforce European citizenship and social participationLooking for a sustainable Europe improving ecologyProviding citizens with security and common spaces in EuropeSource : http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/09/1837&format=HTML&aged=0&language=ES&guiLanguage=en
  7. 7. European targets 2020:social indicators•75 % of the population aged 20-64 should be employed.•3% of the EUs GDP should be invested in R&D.•The "20/20/20" climate/energy targets should be met. (i.e.reduce 20% greenhouse gas emissions, increase 20% renewableenergy consumption, achieve a 20% increase in energy efficiency).•The share of early school leavers should be under 10% and atleast 40% of the younger generation should have a degree ordiploma.•20 million less people should be at risk of poverty.Ref: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/225&format=HTML&aged=0&lg=es&guiLanguage=en
  8. 8. Common aim EU 2020Secondary graduated students, increasing2001-2010
  9. 9. PIB & maths results in PISA+ Money doesn’t mean + score•http://www.pisa.oecd.org/findDocument/0,2350,en_32252351_32235731_1_119669_1_1_1,00.html•http://www.pisa.oecd.org/pages/0,2966,en_32252351_32235907_1_1_1_1_1,00.htmlResults in education according to the invested capitalbudget- & investmentScore(mathsresults)
  10. 10. Why?Where?What? How?
  11. 11. Investing plurilingual in communication skillinterculturalityinteractionparticipationlearningconviventialitycollaborationworkingenterpreneurshipimplicatiom
  12. 12. Individual commitment to a group effort- that is what makes a team work,a society work, a civilization work.Vince LombardiBehaviourism Structuralism Constructivism ConnectivismFocus on Sciencedesign, Positivism,Empiric analysisFocus onLinguistics,Form. & Function.Focus onPsycholinguistics,EvolutionismFocus onSociolinguisticsNeuro-SciencesIvan P. Pavlov, B. F.Skinner, AlbertBandura, Ed. LeeThorndike,;John B WatsonFerdinand Saussure,Roman Jacobson,Claude Lévy-Straus,Herbert Spencer,Talcott Parson,Jean Piaget,Lew S. Vygotsky,eromeBruner, JLaurence Kohlberg,Egan KieranHoward Gardner ,George SiemensStephen DownesSugata MitraMark JohnsonLakoff. GeorgeTurning farmingsocieties intoIndustrial economyTurning IndustrialSocieties intomultinationalCapitalismMultinational econ.,growing into aWorldwidetransnationaleconomyVirtual economy,networking in a hyper-connected world, tosocial awarenessConnectivityCommitment
  13. 13. The Catalan Education SystemUEE HGVET Vocational trainingMG VET Vocational trainingSecondary EducationPrimary EducationPre-school EducationEducation System StructureUniversityAgeNon-Compulsory Education Compulsory EducationMGVET- Medium Grade Vocational Education and Training SGP- Social Guarantee ProgrammeHGVET- Higher Grade Vocational Education and Training UEE- University Entrance ExaminationBaccalaureate SGP- Social Adaptation95,5 %
  14. 14. Chart D1.2a. Instruction tim e per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction tim e for 9-11 year-olds (2007)Percentage of intended instruction time devoted to various subject areas within the total compulsory curriculum1. Includes 11-year-olds only.2. For 9-10 year-olds, social studies is included in science.3. German as a language of instruction is included in "Reading, w riting and literature" in addition to the mother tongue Luxemburgish.4. Includes 10-11 year-old0%20%40%60%80%100%Netherlands1FranceMexicoHungaryIrelandGreeceRussianFederationCzechRepublic2DenmarkNorwayLuxembourg3AustriaSwedenEnglandSpainBelgium(Fl.)EstoniaFinlandGermanyKoreaJapanTurkeyIsraelSloveniaIcelandPortugal4ChileAustraliaReading, writing and literature M athematics ScienceM odern foreign languages Other compulsory core curriculum Compulsory flexible curriculumRef: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.htmlReadingLanguagesScienceMaths
  15. 15. Version 1 - Last updated: 19-Aug-2009Chart D1.2b. Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 12-14 year-olds (2007)Percentage of intended instruction time devoted to various subject areas within the total compulsory curriculum1. For 13-14 year-olds, arts is included in non-compulsory curriculum.2. German as a language of instruction is included in "Reading, w riting and literature" in addition to the mother tongue Luxemburgish.3. Includes 12-13 year-olds only.Countries are r0%20%40%60%80%100%Ireland1SwedenLuxembourg2Italy3DenmarkNorwayTurkeyHungaryFranceSpainBelgium(Fr.)3RussianFederationMexicoEstoniaIsraelGermanyIcelandBelgium(Fl.)ChileAustriaFinlandSloveniaKoreaGreeceCzechRepublicEnglandPortugalJapanAustraliaReading, writing and literature M athematics ScienceM odern foreign languages Other compulsory core curriculum Compulsory flexible curriculumRef: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.htmlReadingLanguagesScienceMaths
  16. 16. Chart D1.1. Total number of intended instruction hours in public institutions betw een the ages of 7 and 14 (2007)Countries are ranked in ascending order of total number of intended instruction hours.Source: OECD. Table D1.1. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2009 ).0 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 8 000 9 000 10 000ChileItalyNetherlandsAustraliaBelgium (Fr.)FranceMexicoIsraelIrelandGreeceEnglandPortugalBelgium (Fl.)TurkeySpainAustriaLuxembourgCzech RepublicIcelandDenmarkJapanGermanyHungaryNorw ayKoreaSw edenRussian FederationSloveniaFinlandEstoniaTotal number of intended instruction hoursAges 7 to 8 Ages 9 to 11 Ages 12 to 14Ref: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.html
  17. 17. Time & achivement: Reading, PISA 2009Ref: Sistemas fuertes y reformadores exitosos en la educaciónOrientaciones de PISA para las Islas Canarias, Españahttp://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/53/54/49882415.pdftimeachivement
  18. 18. Time and achivement: Maths, PISA 2009timeachivement
  19. 19. Time and achivement: Science, PISA 2009timeachivement
  20. 20. Community building: intercultural dialogueInner frontiers are the onesthat really separate usreading, speaking, writing, listening, interactingcommunicating in many languagessharing, negotiating, networking, bridging the gapDealing with diversityforempowering with rights and duties
  21. 21. Catalan society: the plurilingual growthFamilySchoolFriendsWorkSocietyMediaEnvironmentFamily L.Environmental L.School L.Professional L.International L.
  22. 22. Co-responsibilitybetween schooland municipal authoritiesAttitudinalSchool ProjectAttitudinalSchool ProjectSocial dimensionaction-plansSocial dimensionaction-plansInclusive schoolInclusive schoolMain educational strategiesInitialInitial ImmersionImmersionclassroomclassroomCulturalCulturalenvironment planenvironment planLinguisticProjectLinguisticProjectCatalanCLIL, ICTNetworking
  23. 23. Networking•Diversity•Autonomy•Plurilingualism•European LLP
  24. 24. Learning, communicating, and sharingin formal, informal and non formal education
  25. 25. Difficult times, lots of cut outs...… we need not only resources,but knowing how to use them properly
  26. 26. Why?Where?What? How?Language diversity isa human beings’ treasure:It enriches thinking, creatingand understanding the world.
  27. 27. Overview of EU policiesin the field of MultilingualimsThe EU provides support for language learningbecause:• it can help build communities between individuals andnations, and is essential for living together in amultilingual and multicultural Europe• businesses need multilingual staff to be able to tradeeffectively across Europe• the language industry – translation and interpretation,language teaching, language technologies etc. – isone of the fastest growing areas of the economy.http://europa.eu/pol/mult/index_en.htm
  28. 28. Working skills in labour markets in the 21st c.Expert KnowledgeExpert KnowledgeComplex CommunicationComplex CommunicationHandicraft and artHandicraft and artCognitive RoutineCognitive RoutineTasksTasksManual RoutineManual RoutineTasksTasksCommunicationKnowledge
  29. 29. Unemployment rates (2007-2012)
  30. 30. Youth population 16-20 NEET(NINIs 2009)
  31. 31. European programmesRef: http://www.eesc.europa.eu/resources/toolip/img/2011/04/12/seven_pix.jpg
  32. 32. Language: evolving conceptsSubject at schoolLinguisticsLearning strategy andcommunication toolPsychologySociocultural contextand participation spaceSociology
  33. 33. Culture, adaptating the environment...Biodiversity, adaptating to environment...http://boscovstravel.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/vietnamfarm-copyright1.jphttp://static.hdw.eweb4.com/media/thumbs/1/56/550747.jpghttp://imgc.artprintimages.com/images/art-print/hellier-gavin-colourful-sailboats-on-jolly-beach-antigua-leeward-islands-west-indies-caribbean_i-G-38-3830-XJ6YF00Z.jpg
  34. 34. There are 5500/6000 languages in the worldOnly 20% have a state = policy suportSource: « Halte à la mort des langues » Claude HagègeWhen a language disappears,a whole culture vanishes, with its unique,collective, unrepeateble view of reality.80 % are minority languages75% are threatened or extinguishingIn 100 years more than 2500may vanish and disappear
  35. 35. TWITTER MESSAGESLANGUAGE USAGE IN TWITTER Ref: Eric Fischer http://bigthink.com/ideas/41004Europa is multilingual…Are European citizens plurilingual?
  36. 36. Learning several languagesdevelops more competent citizensPlurilingualKnowledgeCommunicationskillsInterculturalDialogueCompetencies for a shared future- team working- networking- bridging cultural gaps- flexibility, plural criteria- critical thinking- innovation and entrepreneurship- personal learning autonomy- language learning ability,- mass media competences- creativity, artistic sensitivity- ... … …KnowledgeAttitudesProcedures
  37. 37. School results in Catalonia:PISA indicators 2006-2009reading maths scienceBut the Spanish average is still far from the European goals
  38. 38. Why?Where?What? How?
  39. 39. Changing focusSpeakingListeningReadingWritingInteractingSpellingPhoneticsVocabularyGrammar… ... …Content tasksProject workNetworking (ICT)Active LearningNegotiating, participatingLiving together … … …Learning(CLIL, ICT)Teaching
  40. 40. Language and communicative skillsSuperficial abilitiesL1SuperficialabilitiesL2CommunicationevidenceShared andtransversalcompetenciesPlurilingualskillsLanguage learninginterdependenciesTransversallanguage learningand culturaldevelopmentAdapted from Cummings, 1986 and Vicent Pascual 2007Language LearningNew learning consolidates previous learningand improves personal learning autonomySuperficial abilitiesL3
  41. 41. New education for new needs• Prioritizing reading• Basic learning skills• European programs• PISA exams• Strong ICT policy• Teacher trainning• School autonomy• Social networking
  42. 42. School should open to the worldRef: "Cours de philosophie a Paris", sXIV. Grandes chroniques de Francehttp://media-cache-ec5.pinterest.com/upload/218354281904946381_NqHDO6j4_c.jpgSocial dimension is out there!....Social dimension is out there!....
  43. 43. Augmented reality in expanding schools200620042001
  44. 44. know how & resources? sensitivity & complicitiesLooking for balance and sustainability
  45. 45. Maybe we are living uncertain times,but future is there: Let’s build it!
  46. 46. Moltes gràcies!
  47. 47. Learning languages to live together

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