Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

School Start Screening Tool

Masterthesis TU Graz, April 2021

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

School Start Screening Tool

  1. 1. S C I E N C E P A S S I O N T E C H N O L O G Y www.tugraz.at Master’s Thesis - School Start Screening Tool Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  2. 2. 2 Motivation Motivation Introduction of a new screening method in Austrian schools in the future Announced by the Federal Ministry of Education in January of 2020 [2] Used to assess children before entering school as well as in first and second grade Available as paper-pencil and digital screening Mobile app for iOS and Android tablets Goal of this thesis: development of the application’s design and structure as well as its implementation Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  3. 3. 3 Motivation School Start Screening Tool Completely new screening method Automatic evaluation of results at the end of each screening Cooperation with University of Graz and University of Vienna Designed assignments’ underlying structure Developed calculations for evaluation Further requirements: Offline functionality Different screenings for different schools Downloadable Excel file containing all collected screening results Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  4. 4. 4 Analysis of Existing Screenings Analysis of Existing Screenings Literature Review Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  5. 5. 5 Analysis of Existing Screenings Analysis of Existing Screenings Today: multiple screenings to choose from Most screenings only available as paper-pencil screening Some also provide digital versions Analysis of existing screenings should show: Similarities Best practices Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  6. 6. 6 Analysis of Existing Screenings ELFE 1-6 [4] Available as paper-pencil or digital screening(!) Makes use of a child-friendly graphical character Motivates children Gives verbal instructions and feedback Uses audio files for instructions and feedback Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  7. 7. 7 Analysis of Existing Screenings ELFE 1-6 – Reading Speed Subtest Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  8. 8. 8 How to Develop an App for Children at Preschool Age? How to Develop an App for Children at Preschool Age? Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  9. 9. 9 How to Develop an App for Children at Preschool Age? Design and Structure of App Children at preschool age do not have necessary skills in reading and writing How to communicate assignment’s task to children? → Make use of a visual language How to enable children to perform input? → Make input options as intuitive as possible Children should stay motivated for several minutes → Wrap screening into a, for the child interesting, frame-story → Make use of a child-friendly graphical character Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  10. 10. 10 School Start Screening App School Start Screening App Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  11. 11. 11 School Start Screening App School Start Screening App Software was implemented during employment at University of Graz Continuous feedback from psychologists App makes use of local SQL database Solves offline functionality requirement Central web application and API Possible to assign different screenings to different schools Possible to download Excel File containing results Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  12. 12. 12 School Start Screening App Screening Assignments Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  13. 13. 13 School Start Screening App The App’s Frame Story Poldi, the elf, is looking for a treasure Child helps Poldi by solving assignments Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  14. 14. 14 School Start Screening App Single Choice Assignments Phonological Awareness Knowledge of Letters & Number Recognition Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  15. 15. 15 School Start Screening App Comparison Assignments Comparison of Numbers Quantity Comparison Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  16. 16. 16 School Start Screening App Supervisor Assisted Assignments Screening supervisor is in charge of the whole screening process Usually one the school’s teachers Input performed by screening supervisor Start with warning prompting to place tablet in front of child After alert view is confirmed, assignment starts At end of assignment, another warning asks to place tablet again in front of child Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  17. 17. 17 School Start Screening App Quantity Knowledge Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  18. 18. 18 School Start Screening App Arithmetic Problems Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  19. 19. 19 School Start Screening App Repeat Numbers Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  20. 20. 20 School Start Screening App RAN and Sorting Assignment Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  21. 21. 21 School Start Screening App Automatic Evaluation Considers all results of current screening run Calculates level of development in 7 different educational subjects Calculations given by developmental psychologists Make use of specified cut-off values 3 different levels of development: Slight special educational needs Obvious special educational needs A checkmark representing no educational needs Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  22. 22. 22 School Start Screening App Automatic Evaluation Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  23. 23. 23 Web Application & API Web Application & API Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  24. 24. 24 Web Application & API Web Application Only accessible to authenticated admins (University of Graz, University of Vienna) Features to: Create and edit schools Create, edit and assign screenings Download Excel file with uploaded results Developed using Zend Framework (PHP) [6] MySQL as database Doctrine ORM (Object–relational mapping) [1] Deployed on Linux Server Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  25. 25. 25 Web Application & API API Part of the web application Also developed using Zend Framework (PHP) [6] Processes HTTP requests to: Authenticate schools to login to the mobile app Download assigned screenings Upload collected screening results HTTP-body in JSON JSON Web Tokens (JWT [3]) for authentication Automated API testing using Postman [5] Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  26. 26. 26 Evaluation & Conclusion Evaluation & Conclusion Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  27. 27. 27 Evaluation & Conclusion Evaluation Evaluation happened through: Interviewing the developmental psychologists who were in continuous contact with schools Report of the Austrian Ministry of Education Based on survey with involved schools First screenings with final app in September 2019 More than 800 children were assessed In 25 Austrian schools Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  28. 28. 28 Evaluation & Conclusion Evaluation Evaluation basically very positive Assignments were implemented as required and were very intuitive Teachers would choose app over paper-pencil screening Children did get along very well with the app and had fun using it Things that could have been done better: Some technical problems with the prototype Web application had set some restrictions Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  29. 29. 29 Evaluation & Conclusion Conclusion Better educational support for child due to new screening Step to more digitized education in Austria App saves paper-work and is more attractive than paper-pencil If more time available, more automated tests Instead used bug reporting software in mobile apps More functionality in central web application Test screenings, central file manager and more Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  30. 30. 30 Evaluation & Conclusion Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021
  31. 31. 31 Evaluation & Conclusion [1] Doctrine. Doctrine: PHP Open Source Project. URL: https://www.doctrine-project.org (visited on 01/06/2021). [2] Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research. Das Pädagogik-Paket. Second, updated edition. Jan. 2020. [3] Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). RFC 7519 - JSON Web Token (JWT). URL: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7519 (visited on 01/24/2021). [4] Wolfgang Lenhard and Wolfgang Schneider. “ELFE 1-6”. In: Ein Leseverständnistest für Erst-bis Sechstklässler. Göttingen: Hogrefe (2006). [5] Postman, Inc. Postman — The Collaboration Platform for API Development. URL: https://www.postman.com (visited on 01/24/2021). [6] Zend by Perforce. Home - Zend Framework. URL: https://framework.zend.com (visited on 01/05/2021). Paul Krassnig, BSc April 15, 2021

×