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Alfred Wainwright:   his contribution to cartography, graphic design and publishing Steve Chilton Learning & Technical Sup...
Wasdale appears through the clouds ……..
Wainwright’s guide to Lakes The cover of Book 1
Published output His biography lists 59 publications by him, including many books of sketches of both the Lakes and of Sco...
Example of map from guide Ascent of Helvellyn from the west
Example of page layout Ascent of Helvellyn from Grasmere
Layout of chapter - Fairfield Chapter title Natural features Ascent
Layout of Fairfield chapter (cont) Summit detail Summit routes View from summit Descents
Method of publishing <ul><li>Layout of end pieces – the credits </li></ul><ul><li>Self-published, then by the Westmorland ...
Geographical division of the Lakes <ul><li>Radial diagram of Lakes – gives natural breakdown of layout of books </li></ul>...
Method of producing maps <ul><li>Wainwright’s tools </li></ul>At work
Corrections <ul><li>Use of snopake, with over-drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Photo of glass fronted original from Kendal Museum...
Method of Portraying <ul><li>Transition from map to perspective in one diagram </li></ul>Bird’s eye view Wainwright’s hybr...
Layout on page <ul><li>Detail of map, text, marginalia </li></ul><ul><li>Start of Scafell from Seatoller </li></ul>
Do they stand the test of time? <ul><li>Re-published by Francis Lincoln in 2003 </li></ul>First Editions can go for up to ...
Is it good to use in field? <ul><li>Comparison with Harveys, OS of same route  (eg Corridor route to Scafell Pike – re-sca...
Is it good to use in field? <ul><li>Better still use the pictorial view (again the Corridor route to Scafell Pike) </li></...
Other examples of hand-drawn maps <ul><li>“ ORIGINAL HAND DRAWN MAPS   We have always drawn these unique, original maps fo...
Stephen Raw <ul><li>“…  was commissioned by HarperCollins to redraw the ‘Part of the Shire’ map for the newly edited publi...
Tim Robinson <ul><li>The Twelve Bens of Connemara,  Folding Landscapes </li></ul>Not hand-lettered, but highly intricate a...
Mark Richards <ul><li>“ Traditional pen and ink sketches and hand drawn maps are included. Mark Richards was one of Wainwr...
Martyn Chilton <ul><li>Inspired by reading Tolkien </li></ul>Section of map showing same area as the Raw map
Liam Chilton <ul><li>Inspired by seeing his brother do it </li></ul>Fictional map to go with story that he was writing
Who was Alfred Wainwright? <ul><li>1907 - born in Blackburn, son of a stonemason, brought up in very poor circumstances  <...
Wainwright Trivia <ul><li>He is used as example in classic textbook on graphic design -  Type and Typography </li></ul><ul...
His legacy <ul><li>Guidebooks still in print – over  50 years after the first one was produced </li></ul><ul><li>Wainwrigh...
Guides updated &quot;The routes of paths have changed, lots of walls have fallen down and when Wainwright was travelling t...
His biography <ul><li>By leading author Hunter Davies </li></ul><ul><li>Other books by Davies include ones on: </li></ul><...
His resting place <ul><li>“ That day will come when there is nothing left but memories. And afterwards, a last long restin...
Sources used <ul><li>Baines, P., 2002,  Type and Typography , London: Laurence King Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Davies, H...
RIP Alfred Wainwright <ul><li>Haystacks from Buttermere Church   </li></ul>Acknowledgements  for this presentation: Franci...
“I saw the view and it changed my life”
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Alfred Wainwright: his contribution to cartography and graphic design

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Steve Chilton's presentation to the British Cartographic Society conference on 9th Sept 2006

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Alfred Wainwright: his contribution to cartography and graphic design

  1. 1. Alfred Wainwright: his contribution to cartography, graphic design and publishing Steve Chilton Learning & Technical Support Unit Manager Middlesex University [Chair of the Society of Cartographers]
  2. 2. Wasdale appears through the clouds ……..
  3. 3. Wainwright’s guide to Lakes The cover of Book 1
  4. 4. Published output His biography lists 59 publications by him, including many books of sketches of both the Lakes and of Scotland
  5. 5. Example of map from guide Ascent of Helvellyn from the west
  6. 6. Example of page layout Ascent of Helvellyn from Grasmere
  7. 7. Layout of chapter - Fairfield Chapter title Natural features Ascent
  8. 8. Layout of Fairfield chapter (cont) Summit detail Summit routes View from summit Descents
  9. 9. Method of publishing <ul><li>Layout of end pieces – the credits </li></ul><ul><li>Self-published, then by the Westmorland Gazette </li></ul>Dedication Frontispiece Publisher “ Feared printers would misspell his work”
  10. 10. Geographical division of the Lakes <ul><li>Radial diagram of Lakes – gives natural breakdown of layout of books </li></ul>Book 1
  11. 11. Method of producing maps <ul><li>Wainwright’s tools </li></ul>At work
  12. 12. Corrections <ul><li>Use of snopake, with over-drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Photo of glass fronted original from Kendal Museum </li></ul>
  13. 13. Method of Portraying <ul><li>Transition from map to perspective in one diagram </li></ul>Bird’s eye view Wainwright’s hybrid view
  14. 14. Layout on page <ul><li>Detail of map, text, marginalia </li></ul><ul><li>Start of Scafell from Seatoller </li></ul>
  15. 15. Do they stand the test of time? <ul><li>Re-published by Francis Lincoln in 2003 </li></ul>First Editions can go for up to £361 (1 st editions of Harry Potter books are going for £500+)
  16. 16. Is it good to use in field? <ul><li>Comparison with Harveys, OS of same route (eg Corridor route to Scafell Pike – re-scaled for comparison) </li></ul>Harveys (published at 1:40,00) Wainwright (Published at 1:25,000 approx) OS (Published at 1:25,000)
  17. 17. Is it good to use in field? <ul><li>Better still use the pictorial view (again the Corridor route to Scafell Pike) </li></ul><ul><li>This is arranged so you follow it (so no map rotation), and it has some excellent supplementary route-finding information. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other examples of hand-drawn maps <ul><li>“ ORIGINAL HAND DRAWN MAPS We have always drawn these unique, original maps for our own websites, and for our clients' sites.” </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity blurb </li></ul>
  19. 19. Stephen Raw <ul><li>“… was commissioned by HarperCollins to redraw the ‘Part of the Shire’ map for the newly edited publication of Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings .” </li></ul><ul><li>Info from www.tolkienmaps.com </li></ul>
  20. 20. Tim Robinson <ul><li>The Twelve Bens of Connemara, Folding Landscapes </li></ul>Not hand-lettered, but highly intricate and surveyed in great detail
  21. 21. Mark Richards <ul><li>“ Traditional pen and ink sketches and hand drawn maps are included. Mark Richards was one of Wainwright's prot é g é s and with Fellranger books he proves he is a worthy successor.” Collins’ publicity burb </li></ul>
  22. 22. Martyn Chilton <ul><li>Inspired by reading Tolkien </li></ul>Section of map showing same area as the Raw map
  23. 23. Liam Chilton <ul><li>Inspired by seeing his brother do it </li></ul>Fictional map to go with story that he was writing
  24. 24. Who was Alfred Wainwright? <ul><li>1907 - born in Blackburn, son of a stonemason, brought up in very poor circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>1930 - left school at 13 to work as office boy in Blackburn Borough Engineer's Dept </li></ul><ul><li>1938 - co-founder of Blackburn Rovers FC Supporters Club </li></ul><ul><li>1941 - appointed to position in the Borough Treasurers Office in Kendal </li></ul><ul><li>1948 to1967 – Kendal Borough Treasurer </li></ul><ul><li>1952 to 1966 - devised, wrote, designed and illustrated his Guides to Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - published Pennine Way Companion </li></ul><ul><li>1972 - devised the Coast to Coast Walk </li></ul><ul><li>1974-79 – produced 6 vols of Scottish Mountain Drawings </li></ul><ul><li>1985-90 – recorded series of BBC programmes </li></ul>Biographical Details
  25. 25. Wainwright Trivia <ul><li>He is used as example in classic textbook on graphic design - Type and Typography </li></ul><ul><li>He illustrated Richard Adams’ Plague Dogs, and several other books </li></ul><ul><li>One of a small band of “autograph book” producers (cf Blake, Carroll, Lear) </li></ul><ul><li>All profits to Animal Rescue Cumbria </li></ul><ul><li>Free pint on him at Border Hotel, Kirk Yetholm on completing the Pennine Way </li></ul>
  26. 26. His legacy <ul><li>Guidebooks still in print – over 50 years after the first one was produced </li></ul><ul><li>Wainwright’s Coast to Coast Walk – 190 miles from St Bees to Robin Hoods Bay (cf Sustrans C2C) </li></ul><ul><li>214 Wainwrights (cf Munros, Corbetts) </li></ul><ul><li>Wainwright Memorial Walk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1930 he devised a walking tour in the English Lake District. For almost 60 years it was one of Lakeland's best kept secrets, yet in its 102 miles and almost 35,000 feet of ascent, it visits every major summit, valley and lake (cf Bob Graham Round). </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Guides updated &quot;The routes of paths have changed, lots of walls have fallen down and when Wainwright was travelling to the fells he used public transport so car parks weren't important to him,&quot; said Mr Jesty, a former taxi driver who trained in cartography with Ordnance Survey.
  28. 28. His biography <ul><li>By leading author Hunter Davies </li></ul><ul><li>Other books by Davies include ones on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Beatles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William Wordsworth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Stephenson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beatrix Potter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tottenham Hotspur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eddie Stobart </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. His resting place <ul><li>“ That day will come when there is nothing left but memories. And afterwards, a last long resting place by the side of Innominate Tarn , on Haystacks, where the water gently laps the gravelly shore and the heather blooms and Pillar and Gable keep unfailing watch. A quiet place, a lonely place. I shall go to it, for the last time, and be carried: someone who knew me in life will take me and empty me out of a little box and leave me alone. </li></ul>And if you, dear reader, should get a bit of grit in your boot as you are crossing Haystacks in the years to come, please treat it with respect. It may be me.” Memoirs of a Fellwanderer, 1993
  30. 30. Sources used <ul><li>Baines, P., 2002, Type and Typography , London: Laurence King Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Davies, H., 1998, Wainwright - The Biography , London: Penguin Books </li></ul><ul><li>Davies, H., 1987, A Walk Around the Lakes, Arrow Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Garland, K., 1991, Lead, kindly light: the design and production of illustrated walkers’ guides , Information Design Journal, 7 (1), 47-66 </li></ul><ul><li>Garland K., 1996, Passionate physiographer: the design and execution of Alfred Wainwright’s Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells , Proceedings of the BCS Conference, 45-53 </li></ul><ul><li>Garland, K., 2002, Autograph books , Baseline 39, 29-36 </li></ul><ul><li>Noble., C, 2001, A man who was passionate about maps : Alfred Wainwright 1907-1991 , Sheetlines 62: 61-63 </li></ul><ul><li>Wainwright. A, 1955-1966, The Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells Vol 1-7, Kendal: Westmorland Gazette (now published by Francis Lincoln) </li></ul><ul><li>Wainwright. A, 1986, A Pennine Journey , Michael Joseph. </li></ul>
  31. 31. RIP Alfred Wainwright <ul><li>Haystacks from Buttermere Church </li></ul>Acknowledgements for this presentation: Francis Lincoln – for permission to use limited material from the books The estate of Alfred Wainwright – for permission to use images The Margaret Duff collection – for permission to use the photo of Wainwright at work Kendal Museum – to Morag Clement for tracing materials via the museum
  32. 32. “I saw the view and it changed my life”

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