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Ppt 41223-criticism-of-maslow-s-theory-and-extension-of-hierarchy

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Ppt 41223-criticism-of-maslow-s-theory-and-extension-of-hierarchy

  1. 1. I22.. .‘
  2. 2. Criticism of Maslow’s theory and extension of hierarchy BV rof Ra'. eev Gupta
  3. 3. Maslow’s theory has often been criticized because we can find exceptions to it, such as the military, police. firefighters. etc. who will risk their safety for the well-being oi others or parents who will sacrifice their basic needs for their children. However, there are very few theories about human nature that are not flawed once we start drilling down to the individualistic level.
  4. 4. Maslow’s theory has often been criticized because we can find exceptions to it, such as the military, police, firefighters, etc. who will risk their safety for the well-being of others or parents who will sacrifice their basic needs for their children. Even Newton's theory of physics, which became laws, fell apart once we were able to drill down to the atomic level.
  5. 5. A recent study discovered that as hypothesized by Maslow, people tend to achieve basic and safety needs before other needs. However, fulfilling the various needs has relatively independent effects on a person’s Subjective Well-Being.
  6. 6. Thus, rather than being a pyramid with the basic human needs arranged in a hierarchical order. it is more like a box with the basic human needs scattered within and depending on the situation and/ or environment. different needs rise to the top to compensate for the deficient needs. Maslow’s theory remains a classic because rather than looking at psychology as strictly the study of the mentally ill. his theory was based upon mentally healthy people.
  7. 7. And being one of the first humanistic ones, it has its share of flaws. Expansion of the Pyramid
  8. 8. And being one of the first ones, it has its share of flaws. ‘ In Maslow’s later years, he become more interested in the higher order or metaneeds and tried to further distinguish them.
  9. 9. Maslow theorized that the ultimate goal of life is sell-actualizalion. which is almost never fully attained but rather is something we try to always strive for. He later theorized that this level does not stop: it goes on to self-transcendence, which carries us to the spiritual level. e. g. Gandhi. Mother Theresa, Dalal Lama, or even poets, such as Robert Frost.
  10. 10. ll. /laslei. ... i’s S3l'. ”-l. '3i”lS3S. llZ:3.'lC3 level ; 'e3e; -.ii2°s the liifman irieed f‘3i: ‘ e'; ;hEcs, 3“ea~'; ivi'iiI, corms? -ssi3;. i 3 id Sl__oi: 'i'*'ii'al‘i; y. G Without this spiritual or transegoic sense, we are simply become machines.
  11. 11. This expans " , . order needs is shown Maslow Hierarchy of Needs in his later years
  12. 12. This expa, nsio’n of the, “ order needs is shown her Note that the four meta needs can be pursued in any order, depending upon a person’s wants or circumstances, as long as the basic needs have all been met:
  13. 13. E. 8. Self-transcef . I.1‘e' - at level that emrih "*'asizes visionaryin _, _ altruism, and unity consciousne' 7. self-actualization - know exactly who you are, where you are going, and what you want to accomplish.
  14. 14. 8. Selt-transcendence - a transegoic level that emphasizes visionary intuition, altruism, and unity consciousness. A state of well-being.
  15. 15. 6. Aesthetic - to do things not simply for the outcome but because it’s the reason you are here on earth - at peace, more curious about the inner workings of all things. 5. Cognitive - to be free of the good opinion of others - learning for learning alone, contribute knowledge.
  16. 16. 4. éES'i. ~33l'i'l. - i'<3ei. 'in: =‘ . ‘u10“l. Il. tC‘ t. 2 ‘.1 ; uo; ‘l: i, rec ; ,niti: .t, ‘few c§: ..‘l.1:: i; 3..3r: :r'; sell 3. Belongingness and love - belong to a group, close friends to confide with.
  17. 17. 4. Esteem - feeling of moving up in world, recognition, few doubts about self. 2. Safety - feel free from immediate danger. 1|
  18. 18. 4. Esteem - feeling of moving up in world, recognition, few doubts about self. 1. Physiological - food, water, shelter, sex.
  19. 19. 4. Esteem -J'<f. g' ' “ ; :l: .l: ' '». world, recognition, few doubs _ self. Note: Transegoic means a higher, psychic, or spiritual state of development.
  20. 20. 4. Esteem —_; hf§el of‘. ;l; t.. {,_:7 1]". world, recognition, few doub s a ‘ self. The trans is related to transcendence, while the ego is based on Freud’s work.
  21. 21. We go from. pr*eE"G0”ic EGOic levels to transEGOi- The EGO in all three terms is used in the Jungian sense of consciousness as opposed to the unconscious.
  22. 22. We go from preEGOic levels to EGOic levels to transEGOic. Ego equates with the personality.
  23. 23. We go from preEGOic Ile; jIj; el, l[s_§tTr; )»’~ EGOic levels to transEGOic. .‘ In addition, just as in his earlier model, we may be in a state of flux - we shift between levels .
  24. 24. For example there may be peak experiences for temporary self-actualization and self-transcendence. These are our spiritual or creative moments.
  25. 25. For example there may be peak experiences for temporary self-actualization and self-transcendence. It you understand and apply Maslow’s theory to your own personal life and evaluate your actions, you will be able to perform better.
  26. 26. Contact us §www. etrainingskill. com
  27. 27. For more information: '49‘: pix . r*. r’>V, P ytvrr, ,5: F? ,: .---~ 1:": <7 e . i . . "“ . . l l» ‘Fl’ F n P r ‘Mt? '41,‘i; %‘. ‘;. ~“ LT? ‘L52 ; .. i N ‘N “Q. N It Fe; r<'j-? . . :4 ax. xv, "Q3.-"-‘>' . . 'q—’)' L. L7

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