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• ANKARA IS THE CAPITAL CITY OF TURKY.IT IS IN THE CENTERAL
ANTOLIA REGION.IT IS THE HEART OF TURKEY.
Language , Currency
IN TURKEY 90%PEOPLE SPEAK TURKEY AND SPEAKS ARABIC
• RELIGION:THERE IS NO MAIN RELIGION OF TURKEY. MANY
RELIGIONS ARE FOLLOWED.
• CURRENCY;THE CURRENCY
OF TURKEY IS LIRA.
• POPULATION OF TURKEY IS
FAMOUS PLACES:THERE ARE MANY FAMOUS
WHICH ATTRACTS THE TOURISTS.
Turkey came onto world map as a
country from one of successor
states of Ottoman Empire.
RISE(1299 - 1453)
First Capital BURSA
Expands to Europe and Anatolia
DECLINE(1683 - 1914)
Anatolia is a Multi-Ethenic state includes
Turks, Armenians , Frenchs and Italians.
After first world war Treaty Of SEVRES was
imposed by Allied powers on Ottoman Empire.
Treaty Of Sevres results in breakup of Ottoman
Mustafa Kamal (military commander)
distinguished himself during the Turkish war
He revoke the terms of the Treaty of Sevres.
The Parliament formally ends 623 years of
Ottoman rule by destroying the Sultanate.
Turkey was officially proclaimed on October
29, 1923 in the new capital of Ankara.
Mustafa Kamal beccomes it’s first President.
Introduced many fundamental reforms.
Parliament gives him a surname
“Attaturk”(father of turks) to honor him.
Customs and traditions
• Camel wrestling
• Game of jeered
Customs and traditions
The howling of dog is considered a sign of approaching
If child constantly cries it is believed that someone will die
in that house.
A sign of bad luck when a black cat cats passing in front of
Different kind of fortune teller such as using
coffee, tea, tarot cards
Turkey is a secular country per article 24 of the
Turkish constitution .
Secularism in Turkey originates from Ataturk's 'Six
Republicanism, Populism, Laïcité, Revolutionism, Nati
onalism, and Statism.
Turkey has three main prominent religions.
The Government imposes some restrictions on Muslim
and other religious groups.
and on Muslim religious expression in government
offices and state-run institutions, including universities
Freedom of Religion.
The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the
Government generally respects this right in practice;
however, the Government imposes some restrictions on all
religious expression in government offices and state-run
institutions, including universities.
usually for the stated reason of preserving the secular state, and
distance of state to all kinds of beliefs.
The Constitution establishes the country as a secular state and
provides for freedom of belief, freedom of worship, and the
private dissemination of religious ideas.
The secularity, bearing a meaning of a protection of
believers, plays an important role to protect the state.
Prominent Religions of Turkey
The Turkish government recognizes three
main religions i.e.
Although other minority religions such as
Yazidi and different types of Christians and
various divisions of Islam.
The presence of Islam in Turkey dates back to the latter half
of the 11th century when the Seljuks started expanding
into eastern Anatolia.
Islam is the main religion of the Turkish people in Turkey.
CIA World fact book states that 99.8% of the country's
population are nominally Muslims.
According religiosity polls 97.8% of the population is
Most Muslims in Turkey are Sunnis forming about
72%, and the Shia form about 25% of the Muslim
There is also a Twelver Shia community which forms about
3% of the Muslim population.
Anatolia (Turkey) is the birthplace of numerous
Christian Apostles and Saints, such as Paul of Tarsus and many
Turkey is also home to the Seven Churches of Asia.
Upon the breakup of the Ottoman Empire percentage of
Christians in Turkey decreased.
Christian population of Turkey includes an estimated
45,000 Armenian Apostolic, 17,000 Assyrian - Syriac
Orthodox, 8,000 Assyrians - Chaldean Catholic, 3,000-4,000
Greek Orthodox, and smaller numbers
of Bulgarians, Georgians, and Protestants.
There were 349 active churches in Turkey (October 2012). 140
Greek, 58 Assyrian and 52 Armenian.
For 2,400 years Jews have lived in what is now Turkey.
Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern-day
Turkey continues to have a small Jewish population.
The vast majority, approximately 95%, live in Istanbul, with a
community of about 2,500 in Izmir and other much smaller
groups make up approximately 96% of Turkey's Jewish
The city of Antakya is home to ten Jewish families.
The Turkish-Jewish population is experiencing a population
decline, reduced from 23,000 to17,000 in a few years.
Currently, the community's death rate is twice that of its birth
rate. Between September and April 2011, for example, 129
Turkish Jews died and only 60 were born
The country is among the world's leading producers of
agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other
transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer
electronics and home appliances.
In recent years, Turkey had a rapidly growing private
sector, yet the state still plays a major role in
industry, banking, transport, and communications
The Economy of turkey is defined as an emerging market
economy by International Monetary Fund. (IMF). It is largely
developed making Turkey one of the world’s newly
History of Turkey’s
Major changes in economic policy.
Major Time Periods
when development policy emphasized private accumulation
when development policy emphasized state accumulation in a
period of global crises.
when a period of state guided industrialization based on
import substituting protectionism.
iv) 1980 onwards
opening of the Turkish economy to liberal trade in
goods, services and financial market transactions.
During the first six decades of the republic, between
1923 and 1983, Turkey has mostly adhered to a quasistatist approach with strict government planning of the
budget and government-imposed limitations over private
sector participation, foreign trade, flow of foreign
currency, and foreign direct investment. However, in
1983 Prime Minister Turgut Özal initiated a series of
reforms designed to shift the economy from a
statist, insulated system to a more private-sector, marketbased model
17th (nominal) / 15th (PPP)
Turkish Lira (TRY)
G-20 Major economies, OECD, EU Customs
Union, WTO, ECO, BSEC
$1.358 trillion (PPP, 2012)
$789.257 billion (Nominal, 2012)
GDP per Growth
4.4% (Q2 2013)
5.2% (2002-2011 average)
6.7% (2011-2017 avg. Forecast in OECD)
GDP per capita
$18,348 (PPP, 2012)
$10,666 ( Nominal, 2012)
GDP by sector
6.1% (April 2013)
5.3% (2013 target)
5.0% (2014 target)
The economy of Turkey is defined as
an emerging market economy and it is largely
developed, making Turkey is one of
the world's newly industrialized countries.
GDP:$1.358 trillion (PURCHASING POWER