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INTRODUCTION
location & Geography
History
Basic information
Founder
Government, Capital
Language ,Population, Curre...
LOCATION &

GEOARAPHY

 LOCATION :-

 TURKEY ISLOCATED AT NORTH
HEMISPHERE.
• IT IS LOCATED ON TWO
CONTINENTS
EUROPE & ...
NEIGHBOURS
 NORTH WEST
o BULGARIA
o GREECE

 NORTH EAST
o GEORGIA

 EAST
o ARMENIA
o AZERBIJAN
o IRAN

 SOUTH
o SYRIA...
GEORAPHY
REGIONS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

MARMARA
AEGEAN
BLACK SEA
CENTERAL
ANATOLIA
EASTERN
ANATOLIA
SOUTHEAST
ANATOLIA
ME...
PROVINCES
o THERE ARE 81
PROVINCES IN
TURKEY.
o THE AREA OF
TURKEY IS
780.580Sq KM
HISTORY
• THE OF TURKY COVER A TIME FRAME OF MORE THAN 4000 BC

 Basic information
• Name:REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
• CAPITAL:A...
FOUNDER
GOVERNMENT
CAPITAL

• ANKARA IS THE CAPITAL CITY OF TURKY.IT IS IN THE CENTERAL
ANTOLIA REGION.IT IS THE HEART OF TURKEY.
•

Language , Currency
LANGUAGE;-,RELIGION
IN TURKEY 90%PEOPLE SPEAK TURKEY AND SPEAKS ARABIC
AND GREEK.

• RELIGION:THER...
POPULATION
• POPULATION OF TURKEY IS
78 MILLION.



FAMOUS PLACES:THERE ARE MANY FAMOUS
WHICH ATTRACTS THE TOURISTS.
DEADSEA
Bosporus Bridge
Turkey came onto world map as a
country from one of successor
states of Ottoman Empire.
Ottoman Empire

•
•
•
•

RISE(1299 - 1453)
First Capital BURSA
Expands to Europe and Anatolia
DECLINE(1683 - 1914)
Anatolia is a Multi-Ethenic state includes
Turks, Armenians , Frenchs and Italians.
After first world war Treaty Of SEVR...
The Parliament formally ends 623 years of
Ottoman rule by destroying the Sultanate.
Turkey was officially proclaimed on ...
TURKISH CULTURE
 TURKISH CULTURE
Festivals

• RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS
Turkey celebrates two important religious festivals.
 Ramadan feast
 ...
National Festivals
turkey celebrates three important national festivals
 Victory Day
Celebrate on 30 august
 Republic d...
Turkey Sports
most popular spots are

•
•
•
•

Football
Basketball
Motorsport
Volleyball (especially women's)
TURKISH DRESSING
in 18 century

• Home dress
• Street dress
HALF OF 18
CENTURY
 Home dress
 Street dress
EARLY 19TH CENTURY
• Home dress
• Street dress

Istanbul, 191
9.
M Tuğrul Acar
•
•
•
•

TURKISH FOOD

Turkish Coffee
Turkish delight
baklava
Kebab
TURKISH MUSIC DANCE
• Folk music, dance
• Sofia dance,music
Customs and Tradition
Customs and traditions
SPORTS

• Camel wrestling
• Bullfighting
• Game of jeered
Customs and traditions
• Beliefs
The howling of dog is considered a sign of approaching
death.
If child constantly cries ...
RELIGION OF TURKEY
INTRODUCTION
Turkey is a secular country per article 24 of the
Turkish constitution .
 Secularism in Turkey originates ...
Freedom of Religion.
 The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the
Government generally respects this righ...
Prominent Religions of Turkey
The Turkish government recognizes three
main religions i.e.
ISLAM
CRISTIANITY
JUDAISM
...
ISLAM
 The presence of Islam in Turkey dates back to the latter half
of the 11th century when the Seljuks started expand...
CRISTIANITY

 Anatolia (Turkey) is the birthplace of numerous
Christian Apostles and Saints, such as Paul of Tarsus and ...
JUDISAM
 For 2,400 years Jews have lived in what is now Turkey.
 Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern-day...
ECONOMY OF TURKEY
A brief description.
INTRODUCTION
The country is among the world's leading producers of
agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ship...
History of Turkey’s
Economy
Major changes in economic policy.
Major Time Periods
i) 1923-1929
when development policy emphasized private accumulation
ii) 1929-1945
when development po...
 iv) 1980 onwards
opening of the Turkish economy to liberal trade in
goods, services and financial market transactions.
...
Turkey’s economy
Basic Information.
Rank:

17th (nominal) / 15th (PPP)

Currency:

Turkish Lira (TRY)

Fiscal year:

Calendar year

Trade:

G-20 Major economi...
Statistics
GDP

$1.358 trillion (PPP, 2012)
$789.257 billion (Nominal, 2012)

GDP per Growth

4.4% (Q2 2013)
5.2% (2002-2...
• Economy:-

conclusion

The economy of Turkey is defined as
an emerging market economy and it is largely
developed, maki...
• $789.257 billion (Nominal GDP, 2012)
GDP GROWTH:5.2% (2002-2011 average)
6.7% (2011-2017 avg. Forecast in OECD)
GDP BY...
• Population below poverty line:IN THIS RANKING
TURKEY IS
AT NO.116 AND
ONLY 16.9 %
PEOPLE ARE
BELOW
THEN POVERTY
LINE .
 EXPORT:$163.40 billion
 EXPORT GOODS:apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metalmanufactures, transport
Germany 8.6%
Iraq 7.1%...
MAJOR COMPANIES:TURKEY HAS A WELL
KNOWN NAME IN PRODUCING TRANSPORT VEHICLES.
REVENUES:$ 209.8 BILLION
EXPENCES:$ 213,3 BILLION
AID:$1.3 BILLION
• FINAL WORDS:TURKEY HAS A GOOD
ECONOMY RATE AND WELL DEVELOPED
COUNTRY AND GROWING G D P .IF
TURKEY MENTAIN THEIR GDP RAT...
THANK YOU
ANY
QUESTIONS
introduction to turkey
introduction to turkey
introduction to turkey
introduction to turkey
introduction to turkey
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  1. 1. INTRODUCTION location & Geography History Basic information Founder Government, Capital Language ,Population, Currency ,Religions Famous places
  2. 2. LOCATION & GEOARAPHY  LOCATION :-  TURKEY ISLOCATED AT NORTH HEMISPHERE. • IT IS LOCATED ON TWO CONTINENTS EUROPE & ASIA • IT IS THE SECOND LARGEST COUNTRY IN EUROPE.
  3. 3. NEIGHBOURS  NORTH WEST o BULGARIA o GREECE  NORTH EAST o GEORGIA  EAST o ARMENIA o AZERBIJAN o IRAN  SOUTH o SYRIA o IRAQ
  4. 4. GEORAPHY REGIONS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. MARMARA AEGEAN BLACK SEA CENTERAL ANATOLIA EASTERN ANATOLIA SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA MEDITERRANEAN
  5. 5. PROVINCES o THERE ARE 81 PROVINCES IN TURKEY. o THE AREA OF TURKEY IS 780.580Sq KM
  6. 6. HISTORY • THE OF TURKY COVER A TIME FRAME OF MORE THAN 4000 BC  Basic information • Name:REPUBLIC OF TURKEY • CAPITAL:ANKARA • INDEPENDENCE DAY:29 OCTOBER 1923
  7. 7. FOUNDER
  8. 8. GOVERNMENT
  9. 9. CAPITAL • ANKARA IS THE CAPITAL CITY OF TURKY.IT IS IN THE CENTERAL ANTOLIA REGION.IT IS THE HEART OF TURKEY.
  10. 10. • Language , Currency LANGUAGE;-,RELIGION IN TURKEY 90%PEOPLE SPEAK TURKEY AND SPEAKS ARABIC AND GREEK. • RELIGION:THERE IS NO MAIN RELIGION OF TURKEY. MANY RELIGIONS ARE FOLLOWED. • CURRENCY;THE CURRENCY OF TURKEY IS LIRA.
  11. 11. POPULATION • POPULATION OF TURKEY IS 78 MILLION.  FAMOUS PLACES:THERE ARE MANY FAMOUS WHICH ATTRACTS THE TOURISTS.
  12. 12. DEADSEA
  13. 13. Bosporus Bridge
  14. 14. Turkey came onto world map as a country from one of successor states of Ottoman Empire.
  15. 15. Ottoman Empire • • • • RISE(1299 - 1453) First Capital BURSA Expands to Europe and Anatolia DECLINE(1683 - 1914)
  16. 16. Anatolia is a Multi-Ethenic state includes Turks, Armenians , Frenchs and Italians. After first world war Treaty Of SEVRES was imposed by Allied powers on Ottoman Empire. Treaty Of Sevres results in breakup of Ottoman Empire. Mustafa Kamal (military commander)  distinguished himself during the Turkish war of Independence. He revoke the terms of the Treaty of Sevres.
  17. 17. The Parliament formally ends 623 years of Ottoman rule by destroying the Sultanate. Turkey was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923 in the new capital of Ankara. Mustafa Kamal beccomes it’s first President.  Introduced many fundamental reforms. Parliament gives him a surname “Attaturk”(father of turks) to honor him.
  18. 18. TURKISH CULTURE
  19. 19.  TURKISH CULTURE Festivals • RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS Turkey celebrates two important religious festivals.  Ramadan feast  Feast of the sacrifice
  20. 20. National Festivals turkey celebrates three important national festivals  Victory Day Celebrate on 30 august  Republic day Celebrate on 20 October  Youth and sport day Celebrate on 9 may
  21. 21. Turkey Sports most popular spots are • • • • Football Basketball Motorsport Volleyball (especially women's)
  22. 22. TURKISH DRESSING in 18 century • Home dress • Street dress HALF OF 18 CENTURY  Home dress  Street dress
  23. 23. EARLY 19TH CENTURY • Home dress • Street dress Istanbul, 191 9. M Tuğrul Acar
  24. 24. • • • • TURKISH FOOD Turkish Coffee Turkish delight baklava Kebab
  25. 25. TURKISH MUSIC DANCE • Folk music, dance • Sofia dance,music
  26. 26. Customs and Tradition
  27. 27. Customs and traditions SPORTS • Camel wrestling • Bullfighting • Game of jeered
  28. 28. Customs and traditions • Beliefs The howling of dog is considered a sign of approaching death. If child constantly cries it is believed that someone will die in that house. A sign of bad luck when a black cat cats passing in front of person  Fortune telling Different kind of fortune teller such as using coffee, tea, tarot cards
  29. 29. RELIGION OF TURKEY
  30. 30. INTRODUCTION Turkey is a secular country per article 24 of the Turkish constitution .  Secularism in Turkey originates from Ataturk's 'Six Arrows’ of Republicanism, Populism, Laïcité, Revolutionism, Nati onalism, and Statism. Turkey has three main prominent religions. The Government imposes some restrictions on Muslim and other religious groups.  and on Muslim religious expression in government offices and state-run institutions, including universities
  31. 31. Freedom of Religion.  The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice; however, the Government imposes some restrictions on all religious expression in government offices and state-run institutions, including universities.  usually for the stated reason of preserving the secular state, and distance of state to all kinds of beliefs.  The Constitution establishes the country as a secular state and provides for freedom of belief, freedom of worship, and the private dissemination of religious ideas.  The secularity, bearing a meaning of a protection of believers, plays an important role to protect the state.
  32. 32. Prominent Religions of Turkey The Turkish government recognizes three main religions i.e. ISLAM CRISTIANITY JUDAISM Although other minority religions such as Yazidi and different types of Christians and various divisions of Islam.
  33. 33. ISLAM  The presence of Islam in Turkey dates back to the latter half of the 11th century when the Seljuks started expanding into eastern Anatolia.  Islam is the main religion of the Turkish people in Turkey.  CIA World fact book states that 99.8% of the country's population are nominally Muslims.  According religiosity polls 97.8% of the population is Muslim.  Most Muslims in Turkey are Sunnis forming about 72%, and the Shia form about 25% of the Muslim population.  There is also a Twelver Shia community which forms about 3% of the Muslim population.
  34. 34. CRISTIANITY  Anatolia (Turkey) is the birthplace of numerous Christian Apostles and Saints, such as Paul of Tarsus and many others.  Turkey is also home to the Seven Churches of Asia.  Upon the breakup of the Ottoman Empire percentage of Christians in Turkey decreased.  Christian population of Turkey includes an estimated 45,000 Armenian Apostolic, 17,000 Assyrian - Syriac Orthodox, 8,000 Assyrians - Chaldean Catholic, 3,000-4,000 Greek Orthodox, and smaller numbers of Bulgarians, Georgians, and Protestants.  There were 349 active churches in Turkey (October 2012). 140 Greek, 58 Assyrian and 52 Armenian.
  35. 35. JUDISAM  For 2,400 years Jews have lived in what is now Turkey.  Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern-day Turkey continues to have a small Jewish population.  The vast majority, approximately 95%, live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2,500 in Izmir and other much smaller groups make up approximately 96% of Turkey's Jewish population.  The city of Antakya is home to ten Jewish families.  The Turkish-Jewish population is experiencing a population decline, reduced from 23,000 to17,000 in a few years.  Currently, the community's death rate is twice that of its birth rate. Between September and April 2011, for example, 129 Turkish Jews died and only 60 were born
  36. 36. ECONOMY OF TURKEY A brief description.
  37. 37. INTRODUCTION The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances. In recent years, Turkey had a rapidly growing private sector, yet the state still plays a major role in industry, banking, transport, and communications The Economy of turkey is defined as an emerging market economy by International Monetary Fund. (IMF). It is largely developed making Turkey one of the world’s newly industrialized countries.
  38. 38. History of Turkey’s Economy Major changes in economic policy.
  39. 39. Major Time Periods i) 1923-1929 when development policy emphasized private accumulation ii) 1929-1945 when development policy emphasized state accumulation in a period of global crises. iii) 1950-1980 when a period of state guided industrialization based on import substituting protectionism.
  40. 40.  iv) 1980 onwards opening of the Turkish economy to liberal trade in goods, services and financial market transactions.  During the first six decades of the republic, between 1923 and 1983, Turkey has mostly adhered to a quasistatist approach with strict government planning of the budget and government-imposed limitations over private sector participation, foreign trade, flow of foreign currency, and foreign direct investment. However, in 1983 Prime Minister Turgut Özal initiated a series of reforms designed to shift the economy from a statist, insulated system to a more private-sector, marketbased model
  41. 41. Turkey’s economy Basic Information.
  42. 42. Rank: 17th (nominal) / 15th (PPP) Currency: Turkish Lira (TRY) Fiscal year: Calendar year Trade: G-20 Major economies, OECD, EU Customs Organizations: Union, WTO, ECO, BSEC
  43. 43. Statistics GDP $1.358 trillion (PPP, 2012) $789.257 billion (Nominal, 2012) GDP per Growth 4.4% (Q2 2013) 5.2% (2002-2011 average) 6.7% (2011-2017 avg. Forecast in OECD) GDP per capita $18,348 (PPP, 2012) $10,666 ( Nominal, 2012) GDP by sector 8.9% Agriculture. 28.1%; Industry 63.0% Services Inflation 6.1% (April 2013) 5.3% (2013 target) 5.0% (2014 target)
  44. 44. • Economy:- conclusion The economy of Turkey is defined as an emerging market economy and it is largely developed, making Turkey is one of the world's newly industrialized countries. GDP:$1.358 trillion (PURCHASING POWER PARITY, 2012)
  45. 45. • $789.257 billion (Nominal GDP, 2012) GDP GROWTH:5.2% (2002-2011 average) 6.7% (2011-2017 avg. Forecast in OECD) GDP BY SECTOR:agriculture:8.9%; industry: 28.1%;services: 63.0% (2012 est.)
  46. 46. • Population below poverty line:IN THIS RANKING TURKEY IS AT NO.116 AND ONLY 16.9 % PEOPLE ARE BELOW THEN POVERTY LINE .
  47. 47.  EXPORT:$163.40 billion  EXPORT GOODS:apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metalmanufactures, transport Germany 8.6% Iraq 7.1% Iran 6.5% United Kingdom 5.7% United Arab Emirates 5.4% Russia 4.4% Italy 4.2% France 4.1% (2012 est.) uipment
  48. 48. MAJOR COMPANIES:TURKEY HAS A WELL KNOWN NAME IN PRODUCING TRANSPORT VEHICLES.
  49. 49. REVENUES:$ 209.8 BILLION EXPENCES:$ 213,3 BILLION AID:$1.3 BILLION
  50. 50. • FINAL WORDS:TURKEY HAS A GOOD ECONOMY RATE AND WELL DEVELOPED COUNTRY AND GROWING G D P .IF TURKEY MENTAIN THEIR GDP RATE THEN IT SHOULD BE CONSIDERD AS MOST DEVELOPED COUNTRY.
  51. 51. THANK YOU
  52. 52. ANY QUESTIONS
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