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Samoan library, Australian librarian: connecting people and libraries through international volunteering <br />Presented b...
Samoa: Paradise lost? <br />Two weeks ago a tsunami caused major  damage along the south coast of Upolu, Samoa’s main isla...
Samoa: Paradise lost? <br />The tsunami is a setback for this developing country and a blow to tourism and development<br ...
Lalomanu before:<br />
Lalomanu after: <br />
Libraries in Samoa<br />
Libraries in Samoa<br />One public library with two branches serves a population of 180,000<br />Many Samoans have never a...
Reading in Samoa<br />Less than fivebookshops serve the entire population<br />Books are expensive! $NZ40 for one book whe...
Challenges in Samoan Libraries<br />Lack of money – Libraries rely heavily on donated material <br />Lack of Samoan langua...
Challenges in Samoan Libraries <br />Vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters <br />Very little material digi...
Challenges in Samoan libraries<br />Irrelevant or aged collections<br />
How I ended up in Samoa <br />I am spending one year in Samoa through the Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development pro...
My role <br />I am a librarian at the National University of Samoa (NUS) library, serving a student population of 2000. <b...
Without skilled library workers...<br />
Without skilled library workers...<br />Insects breed<br />Books collect dust<br />Collections are unused and unorganised<...
School Library Assistant Course<br />Now in its third cohort, approximately 80 students have completed a four month course...
Library Association of Samoa<br />
Library Association of Samoa<br />
Library Week Samoa<br />A huge success! An incredible response to Library Week from a country that ‘doesn’t read’<br />Sec...
‘Learn to read, read to learn’<br />
Pacific Law Library Twinning Program<br />An Australian Law Library is twinned with a Pacific Law Library to provide resou...
Samoan libraries need: <br />More up to date and relevant resources <br />More IT infrastructure and access<br />More trai...
How you can help <br />Donate  to the tsunami relief fund<br />Consider donating your weeded material that is in good cond...
Contact <br />Susanne Newton<br />Australian Youth Ambassador for Development <br />National University of Samoa Library<b...
	Any questions?<br />
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Samoan library, Australian librarian: connecting people and libraries through international volunteering

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Samoan library, Australian librarian: connecting people and libraries through international volunteering

  1. 1. Samoan library, Australian librarian: connecting people and libraries through international volunteering <br />Presented by Susanne Newton<br />Australian Youth Ambassador for Development<br />National University of Samoa Library<br />
  2. 2. Samoa: Paradise lost? <br />Two weeks ago a tsunami caused major damage along the south coast of Upolu, Samoa’s main island, taking away the lives, homes and livelihoods of many Samoans. <br />All the main libraries are in Apia on the north coast and are unaffected by the tsunami<br />Five primary schools destroyed on the south coast that may have had small library collections. <br />
  3. 3. Samoa: Paradise lost? <br />The tsunami is a setback for this developing country and a blow to tourism and development<br />The recovery process is in full swing. The Samoan community have come together to support those affected <br />It is more important than ever to support Samoa<br />Improving library services and training more Samoan library staff is crucial to education, literacy and equal access to information for the Samoan people<br />
  4. 4. Lalomanu before:<br />
  5. 5. Lalomanu after: <br />
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  7. 7.
  8. 8. Libraries in Samoa<br />
  9. 9. Libraries in Samoa<br />One public library with two branches serves a population of 180,000<br />Many Samoans have never accessed a library<br />Two university libraries, one environmental library, one medical library, and a few dozen small school libraries = approximately 50 libraries in country <br />Approximately 10 qualified librarians in country <br />No free public internet access available <br />No public internet at the public library at all <br />
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  11. 11. Reading in Samoa<br />Less than fivebookshops serve the entire population<br />Books are expensive! $NZ40 for one book when a weekly wage may be less than $NZ80 a week <br />Main sources of reading material are the newspapers, published in English and Samoan, and the Samoan bible<br />Samoa has a strong oral tradition of songs and stories for passing on knowledge – how can libraries tap into this? <br />
  12. 12. Challenges in Samoan Libraries<br />Lack of money – Libraries rely heavily on donated material <br />Lack of Samoan language material <br />No dedicated National Library or legal deposit of all Samoan material <br />Lack of skilled library workers – studying is expensive! <br />Humidity / insects<br />Slow / no internet access = Web 0.0! <br />1950s attitude of libraries as silent and for study only <br />
  13. 13. Challenges in Samoan Libraries <br />Vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters <br />Very little material digitised<br />Most libraries still rely on a card catalogue system<br />Samoans have less access to current books and information then developed nations<br />Lack of internet access = less opportunity to access information<br />A reading culture needs to be more developed <br />
  14. 14. Challenges in Samoan libraries<br />Irrelevant or aged collections<br />
  15. 15. How I ended up in Samoa <br />I am spending one year in Samoa through the Australian Youth Ambassadors for Development program, which sends 400 skilled young volunteers to developing countries each year, funded by AusAid. <br />I feel incredibly lucky be spending a year in Samoa and experience Samoan culture and hospitality first hand <br />I am devastated by the recent tsunami, which has affected each and every one of us living on the islands. <br />
  16. 16. My role <br />I am a librarian at the National University of Samoa (NUS) library, serving a student population of 2000. <br />I coordinate the Pacific Law Library twinning program between NUS and an Australian law library <br />I lecture on a certificate course teaching 40 students to be school library assistants<br />I serve on the Library Association of Samoa executive committee, which this year has run a Library Week, storytelling sessions and a short story competition <br />
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  20. 20. Without skilled library workers...<br />
  21. 21. Without skilled library workers...<br />Insects breed<br />Books collect dust<br />Collections are unused and unorganised<br />Irrelevant collections<br />Little understanding of how a library is used, e.g. a school principal not wanting to let students into the school library, let alone borrow as the resources are seen as precious <br />
  22. 22. School Library Assistant Course<br />Now in its third cohort, approximately 80 students have completed a four month course to work as a school library assistant<br />In practice, these students run school libraries single-handedly – a tough job!<br />It’s important to have training for library workers in country. To go further than certificate level, however, Samoans must study by distance, which can be prohibitively expensive <br />
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  32. 32. Library Association of Samoa<br />
  33. 33. Library Association of Samoa<br />
  34. 34. Library Week Samoa<br />A huge success! An incredible response to Library Week from a country that ‘doesn’t read’<br />Second Library Week ever; first was held in 1986<br />Storytelling sessions at the public library<br />Short story competition attracted 150 original poems and stories about Samoan life<br />500+ Samoan children paraded through town dressed as their favourite book character accompanied by the US Navy Band and the Samoan Police Band <br />
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  42. 42. ‘Learn to read, read to learn’<br />
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  47. 47. Pacific Law Library Twinning Program<br />An Australian Law Library is twinned with a Pacific Law Library to provide resources, support and training<br />NUS Library is twinned with the Australian Attorney General’s Department Library <br />The Pacific Islands Law Library Community provides support for librarians working across the Pacific <br />Australian Law Libraries are twinned with libraries in Samoa, Tonga, Fiji, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, Nauru, Cook Islands and the Solomon Islands <br />Many library staff in these countries are running libraries with little or no training <br />
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  50. 50. Samoan libraries need: <br />More up to date and relevant resources <br />More IT infrastructure and access<br />More training for library staff <br />More Samoan language material <br />To develop a stronger culture of library use, particularly amongst children and students <br />Better buildings to house materials, e.g. Air conditioning<br />More digitisation to make important material less vulnerable to the elements <br />Professional development for Samoan library staff<br />
  51. 51. How you can help <br />Donate to the tsunami relief fund<br />Consider donating your weeded material that is in good condition to Samoa<br />Consider twinning your library with a Samoan library<br />Scholarships for Samoan/Pacific library students<br />Exchange programs between Samoan and NZ libraries<br />Send library specialists to Samoa for training regularly <br />Allow Samoan libraries free or discounted access to information your library holds e.g. theses relating to Samoa <br />
  52. 52. Contact <br />Susanne Newton<br />Australian Youth Ambassador for Development <br />National University of Samoa Library<br />PO Box 2133 Apia, Samoa<br />susannenewton@hotmail.com<br />libraryassociationofsamoa@gmail.com<br />
  53. 53. Any questions?<br />

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