• It a religious culture around 1500-2000 B.C
• Their literature is Vedas,the bodies of knowledge.
• Hold the universe to be all one, Brahman.
• Everything has same soul in all living being.
• The purpose of life is to find enlightenment
• The cycle of birth and death goes on
• Karma- chain of causes. All of our actions will
eventually have consequences
• Desire is the root of all evil.
• A philosophical tradition, founded by Gautama
Siddhartha Buddha in the 5th
• Buddhism attempts to conquer the suffering
through the elimination of desire and ego and
attainment of the state of nirvana.
• Nirvana- permanent liberation from life, become
one with the universe.
• Four Noble Truths
(4) enlightened living
• Lao tzu was the founder of Taoism,
• Taoism is based on the idea that all the change in
the world lies one fundamental, universal principle:
the Way or Tao.
• Something and Nothing produce each other
• Contractive and expansive forces in the universe
• Two principles which oppose one another in their
actions, yin and yang. All the opposites one
perceives in the universe can be reduced to one of
the opposite forces.
• passivity, calm, humility ,develop intuition and build
up personal power
• Confucius was a founder of this Chinese thought.
• It is concerned with morality ,social ethics.
• His teaching treat other as you would like to be treated.
• What you don’t desire for yourself, don’t do to others.
• Deal with the great while it is yet small.
• Family is metaphor for society to develop.
• Ethics concerned with humanness .
• No need for physical punishment and law
• Build the character of individual.
• All human beings are alike at birth.
• Represents a mystical, theosophical, and ascetic
• Becoming one with absolute pure
• Secret experience of something spiritual.
• Intuitive understanding of reality
• All sort of esoteric traditions and practice unite.
• Purification of heart turning it away all except God.
• Divine love is the essence of mysticism.
• Attainment f ultimate universal one truth.
• (Self) transformation by practices and actions.