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Eastern philosophy

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highlights the aims of eastern philosophy

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Eastern philosophy

  1. 1. EASTERN PHILOSOPHY sna.syednomanali@gmail.com
  2. 2. AIMS OF PHILOSOPHY • Cosmological unity • Behavioral ethics • Relationship with religion • Social integration • Intuition over intellect • Collectivism • Self improvement • Find inner self • Find balance in human life • Spiritual approach
  3. 3. EASTERN PHILOSOPHY • Hinduism • Buddhism • Taoism • Confucianism • Persian • Arabic
  4. 4. HINDUISM • It a religious culture around 1500-2000 B.C • Their literature is Vedas,the bodies of knowledge. • Hold the universe to be all one, Brahman. • Everything has same soul in all living being. • The purpose of life is to find enlightenment • The cycle of birth and death goes on • Karma- chain of causes. All of our actions will eventually have consequences • Desire is the root of all evil.
  5. 5. BUDDHISM • A philosophical tradition, founded by Gautama Siddhartha Buddha in the 5th century B.C • Buddhism attempts to conquer the suffering through the elimination of desire and ego and attainment of the state of nirvana. • Nirvana- permanent liberation from life, become one with the universe. • Four Noble Truths (1) suffering (2) causes (3) elimination (4) enlightened living
  6. 6. TAOISM • Lao tzu was the founder of Taoism, • Taoism is based on the idea that all the change in the world lies one fundamental, universal principle: the Way or Tao. • Something and Nothing produce each other • Contractive and expansive forces in the universe • Two principles which oppose one another in their actions, yin and yang. All the opposites one perceives in the universe can be reduced to one of the opposite forces. • passivity, calm, humility ,develop intuition and build up personal power
  7. 7. CONFUCIANISM • Confucius was a founder of this Chinese thought. • It is concerned with morality ,social ethics. • His teaching treat other as you would like to be treated. • What you don’t desire for yourself, don’t do to others. • Deal with the great while it is yet small. • Family is metaphor for society to develop. • Ethics concerned with humanness . • No need for physical punishment and law • Build the character of individual. • All human beings are alike at birth.
  8. 8. MYSTICISM • Represents a mystical, theosophical, and ascetic • Becoming one with absolute pure • Secret experience of something spiritual. • Intuitive understanding of reality • All sort of esoteric traditions and practice unite. • Purification of heart turning it away all except God. • Divine love is the essence of mysticism. • Attainment f ultimate universal one truth. • (Self) transformation by practices and actions.

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