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Folk music and folk dance farkas emma 7_a

Hungarian activity - Erasmus - Diversity makes Union

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Folk music and folk dance farkas emma 7_a

  1. 1. Folk music and traditional dance of Hungary, Estonia, Italy, Greece, Romania and Portugal by Emma Farkas (7a)
  2. 2. I.Hungarian Folk Music and Dance • Hungarian folk music is an important part of Hungarian culture and identity. • It includes a wide variety of Central European styles. • Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály, two famous composers started to collect folk music in the first half of the 20th century.
  3. 3. Types of Hungarian folk music There are a lot of ways to categorize folk music. There are regional categories, but you can categorize it where it is used or how it is performed.
  4. 4. Categories of occasion There are three main categories of the occasions when folk music is used: • For important events (weddings, funerals, work songs, recruitment songs, traditional Christmas songs) • Dance melodies • Songs that we sing without occasions (love songs, ballads)
  5. 5. Folk dance and music today Hungarian folk dance is a living tradition. A lot of towns and villages have folk music and folk dance groups where the people keep the tradition alive. There are so called dance houses where everyone can go and professional folk dancers teach the people group dances.
  6. 6. Even the young ones learn folk dance and singing Bokréta Folk dance group – Kalocsa dances
  7. 7. II. Estonian Folk Music and Dance The Estonian folk music tradition is divided into 2 periods. • Runic songs in the poetic metre regivärss (typical in the Baltic-Finnic tradition) • In the 18th century, rhythmic folksongs started to replace runic songs
  8. 8. Runo songs (regilaul) Estonian folk songs which can be work songs, ballads and epic legends. The early studies of runo songs were made by Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald in the 1860s. He used these songs to compose the Estonian national epic, Kalevipoeg.
  9. 9. Estonian folk dance • Mainly Estonian folk dances are calm and dignified • Dances in the Estonian villages connected to occassions such as Midsummer night, weddings • A lot of dances are connected to the sea and portray the life of fishermen • Every year there are several song and dance festival to celebrate Estonian music and dance. Dancers wear their national clothing.
  10. 10. • Estonian folk dances are still popular. There are dance clubs which teach dance patterns to people. It is a way of entertainment and keeps the tradition alive.
  11. 11. III. Italian Folk Music and Dance Italian folk music is very colorful. Italy became unified in the 1860s, before that there were several small countries and monarchies in the area. These had different cultures with different influences: Slavic, Celtic, African, Arabic etc. So Italian folk culture is very complex but very much alive in every region of Italy.
  12. 12. Regional song and dance go hand in hand • Northern and Central regions: trallalero and saltarello • Southern Italy: tarantella, work songs, harvest songs, religious songs (especially in Sicily) • Sardinia: cantu a tenore, gozo Cantu a tenore saltarello trallalero
  13. 13. Typical Italian musical instruments
  14. 14. Tarantella • Tarantella is the most known dance of Italy • It’s very fast and it’s accompanied by tambourines • In the province of Taranto there were poisonous spiders, tarantulas. When they bit the people, they fell into a trance and their dance gave the name of tarantella.
  15. 15. IV. Greek Folk Music and Dance • Greek folk songs (Dimotiko) come from ancient times • There are two main musical movements: akritic and klephtic • Acritic style tells about the of the 9th century frontier guards of the Byzantine Empire • Klephtic style was created by the kleftes, the heroes hiding in the mountains who fought against the Ottoman empire
  16. 16. Some Greek styles • Kantada: this style comes from Kefalonia island. It’s a romantic serenade sung with three male voices, accompanied by a guitar or mandolin • Nissiotika: this song was born in the Greek islands. It’s a bit different on every island. The song is accompanied by violin, lira, clarinet and a guitar
  17. 17. Cretan music (kritika) • Crete is an island of Greece • The lyra is the dominant instrument on the island • Tabachaniotika is an urban song type, and there are rizitika songs
  18. 18. Greek dances • The most well-known Greek dances are syrtos, kalamatianos and hasapiko • Greek dances are loved and performed everywhere • Syrtos is known all over the world – it’s a circle dance with lots of dancers
  19. 19. V. Romanian Folk and Dance Music • Romanian folk music has the same roots as Central European and Balkan traditional music • Romanian songs are very melodic • The most important instruments are the violin, the cimbalom, the cobza and the wooden flute
  20. 20. Doina • The most known musical tune is the doina • It has got free rhythm and musicians improvize the tune in a pattern
  21. 21. Some traditional Romanian dances • Alunelul (from the Oltenie region) • Sarba (Moldavia) – danced in a circle or line • Invirtita (Transylvania) • Hora (circle or line dance)
  22. 22. Hora dance
  23. 23. VI. Portuguese Folk Music and Dance • Portugal has a rich history and the country’s music reflects that • The most well known folk singing style is FADO • It was born on the streets of Lisbon in the early 19th century • It’s mainly sad and the singer sings about heartbreaks or sorrows
  24. 24. Traditional musical instruments of Portugal CHINCALHO BOMBO (DRUM) ACCORDION
  25. 25. Dances • Every region in Portugal has its own style of dance and song • The best examples are vira, chula, corridinho, malhao and fandango CHULA MALHAO FANDANGO CORRIDINHO
  26. 26. Folklore festivals (Portuguese people love to sing and dance)
  27. 27. Thank you for your attention! Thank you for your attention! 

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