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Spanish American War

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A brief ppt on the Spanish American War that I use in my classroom

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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Spanish American War

  1. 1. “ A splendid little war” Secretary of State John Hay THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR (April-August 1898) The United States Becomes A World Power
  2. 2. CAUSES <ul><li>Monroe Doctrine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep European influences out of our hemisphere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Imperialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance American Empire (Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yellow Journalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensationalized media used specifically to instigate pro-American feelings and stir up support for war </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. BEGINNINGS <ul><li>Cuba </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owned by Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish empire declining </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. trading partner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$100M per year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cubans trying to gain independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1860’s failed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Try again in 1890’s </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. THE CUBAN INSURRECTION <ul><li>Cuba has small army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses guerrilla warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burn sugar fields </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General Valeriano Weyler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets up concentration camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All “non-combatants” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Famine, disease </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>American opinion of Spanish actions is low </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American press sends reporters to Cuba to investigate </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. THINK OUT LOUD <ul><li>Why would the U.S. be concerned with what was happening in Cuba? </li></ul><ul><li>What would the U.S. have to gain? </li></ul>
  6. 6. AMERICA GETS INVOLVED <ul><li>William Randolph Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circulation war between their two competing newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hearst=New York Journal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulitzer=New York World </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEED to sell newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What kind of news sells? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish Oppression of Cubans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Yellow Journalism” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give the public what they want, sensationalize it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money and entertainment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remington (artist) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evangelina Cisneros (niece of a rebel leader) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What is YOUR reaction to the drawing?
  8. 8. “ REMEMBER THE MAINE” <ul><li>Maine sent down as a “goodwill mission” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimidate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchored in Port of Havana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feb. 1898 Maine mysteriously blows up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>260 Americans killed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War doesn’t start immediately </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. THINK OUT LOUD <ul><li>Can you think of another event where the U.S. was attacked and it started a war? </li></ul><ul><li>How ‘should’ the U.S. respond to attacks like this? </li></ul>
  10. 10. WHO DONE IT? <ul><li>Newspapers (“Yellow Journalism”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blame Spanish--”Remember The Maine…To Hell With Spain” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish don’t want war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. makes demands to get rid of Weyler and end concentration camps (March 1898) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish comply with EVERYTHING except independence for Cuba </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Found out later that it was a boiler that exploded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Truth mattered little--most Americans want war </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. THINK OUT LOUD <ul><li>Write your OWN (YELLOW JOURNALISM) headline about the Terror Attack on 9-11-01. </li></ul>
  12. 12. DE’LOME LETTER <ul><li>De’Lome Spanish embassador (D.C.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writes a personal letter to friend in Cuba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letter is intercepted and finds its way to front page of Hearst’s paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Letter blasts McKinley </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizes America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last straw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>War declared April 1898 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teller Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. will not take Cuba </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. WAR BEGINS <ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt= Asst. Sec. Of Navy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TR cables China and tells Admiral Dewey to attack Spanish fleet in Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is where war actually starts (Battle of Manila Bay) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ You may fire when ready, Gridley” Admiral Dewey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish lose 400+ men (we lose 2) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. THINK OUT LOUD <ul><li>Talk to your neighbor and compare the American “body count” during the Battle of Manila and the War in Iraq. </li></ul>
  15. 15. WAR IN CUBA <ul><li>Over in 10 weeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Men form their own regiments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Rough Riders” formed by Teddy Roosevelt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cowboys, a sheriff, Indian fighters, ex-cons, polo players, football players </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have to get to Tampa Bay where boats leave </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land, wander around looking for Spanish </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of San Juan Hill </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American victory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. RESULTS OF THE WAR <ul><li>U.S. acquires Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philippines cost $20 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hawaii </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We don’t get it from the Spanish but it is annexed as a result of the war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Platt Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give Cuba its independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba not allowed to make treaties that would compromise their independence </li></ul></ul></ul>

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