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EDEN seminar introduction to Community of Inquiry Model

A 12 minute overview of features and problems with the COI model for online learning

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EDEN seminar introduction to Community of Inquiry Model

  1. 1. Introduction to Community of Inquiry Model and Learning Interactions Terry Anderson, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Athabasca University EDEN NAP Webinar, 13th January 2021 Title: Social presence and interaction in e-learning
  2. 2. The COI is a Model ◦ A model is a simplified description of complex interactions ◦ Graphically Shows critical components ◦ Shows relationships amongst these components ◦ Leads to elaboration, explication and application
  3. 3. • “has became a robust guideline for researchers …. to explore tracings and evidence of interaction and learning in online courses” • A guide for instructors to make informed educational decisions • Most cited research model in online and blended education • Seminal articles cited over 14,000 times by other researchers (Google Scholar Dec. 2020) COI Model: Castellanos-Reyes, D. (2020) 20 Years of the Community of Inquiry Framework. TechTrends 64
  4. 4. Motivation for developing the model ◦ Need to show that online learning CAN be a social experience ◦ Need to measure components of the online experience to provide empirical validity to teaching and learning claims ◦ Need to be able to distinguish between a good and a poor online course ◦ A mental model for developing quality online teaching
  5. 5. Value of Community • Generates commitment and belonging • Building block for future friendships and social capital • Builds inclusiveness, cultural awareness and appreciation • Diverse viewpoints enrich problem solving • Reduces trauma of social isolation in Covid times • Motivating
  6. 6. Community of Inquiry Model Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2 (2-3), 87- 105
  7. 7. CohesiveBehaviours Vocatives Addresses orrefers to the group using inclusive pronouns Phatics, salutations Interactive Behaviours Continuing a thread Quoting from others’ messages. Referring explicitly to others’ messages. Asking questions Complimenting, expressing appreciation Expressing agreement Affective Behaviours Expression of emotions Useof humor Self-disclosure Social Presence Indicators
  8. 8. Assessing the COI 36 Likert scale Items Swan, K., Shea, P., Richardson, J., Ice, P., Garrison, D. R., Cleveland- Innes, M., & Arbaugh, J. B. (2008). Validating a measurement tool of presence in online communities of inquiry.
  9. 9. BUT the COI and other Constructivist Educational Models do not Scale!
  10. 10. Many proposed additions to to the COI Model.
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Conclusions • COI most widely quoted heuristic and research theory in online learning • Simple model capable of guiding, but not restraining teaching and curriculum development • Developed for an online context from a constructivist educational pedagogy • Does it speak to learning in your course contexts? • Is it a useful tool for education development and research? Terry Anderson Blog: