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Train-the-Trainer: OR Community Colleges Open Textbook Workshop

With Dave Ernst, slide from the Open Textbook Network (open.umn.edu) all-day workshop with OR Community Colleges and Open Oregon. Our goal is to help identify and overcome barriers to open textbook adoption, build capacity for open textbooks at individual campuses and across the system, and prepare representatives to give workshops on their own.

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Train-the-Trainer: OR Community Colleges Open Textbook Workshop

  1. 1. Open Textbook Network Training Dave Ernst and Sarah Faye Cohen Open Oregon Workshop March 4, 2016
  2. 2. Thank you.
  3. 3. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Cleveland State University Colorado State University Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University Macalester College Minnesota State College and Universities (34) North Dakota University System (11) The Ohio State University Oregon Community Colleges (17) Oregon State University Portland State University Purdue University Temple University University of Arizona University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Massachusetts Amherst University of Minnesota University of North Carolina - Greensboro University of Northwestern St. Paul University of Oklahoma University of Washington University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee University of Wisconsin – Stout Virginia Tech West Virginia University Open Textbook Network
  4. 4. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Cleveland State University Colorado State University Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University Macalester College Minnesota State College and Universities (34) North Dakota University System (11) The Ohio State University Oregon Community Colleges (17) Oregon State University Portland State University Purdue University Temple University University of Arizona University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Massachusetts Amherst University of Minnesota University of North Carolina - Greensboro University of Northwestern St. Paul University of Oklahoma University of Washington University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee University of Wisconsin – Stout Virginia Tech West Virginia University Open Textbook Network
  5. 5. Our Day 9:00 am Welcome, Introductions, Goals 9:30 – 10:30 Identifying obstacles to open textbook adoptions 10:30 – 10:45 Break 10:45 – 11:45 The Open Textbook Library: past and present 11:45 – 12:15 Lunch 12:15 – 2: 15 Workshop training on affordability, student academic success, open, and Oregon 2:15 – 2:30 Break 2:30 – 3:30 Strategies in dealing with hard questions in open textbooks 3:30 – 4 Local workshop logistics, Closing
  6. 6. Introductions • Name • Institution • Role • What you hope to get out of today (1 sentence)
  7. 7. Open
  8. 8. open = free + permissions
  9. 9. open = free + permissions
  10. 10. open = free + permissions copy mix share keep edit use
  11. 11. Why?
  12. 12. 63.6% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% Take fewer courses 45.1% Not register for a specific course 33.9% Earn a poor grade 26.7% Drop a course 17.0% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  13. 13. Barriers
  14. 14. Barriers to Open Textbook Adoption • Before today we asked you: – Which of the following barriers to open textbook adoption are most common at your institution? – What are the questions you are most frequently asked about open textbooks? – Which questions do you find the most difficult to answer and why?
  15. 15. You responded:
  16. 16. Reflect on the barriers you face at your institution in advancing open textbooks. • Write one barrier per sticky note • Go for quantity • There are no right answers • You’ll share these at your table in 10 minutes.
  17. 17. Table Discussion • Share your barriers • Are there commonalities? – Group them into themes – Name each theme • Are there outliers? • Select someone to report out in 20 minutes.
  18. 18. Share • Themes • Outliers • Are there nuances we want to acknowledge? • Are there concerns we want to acknowledge?
  19. 19. Let’s take a break. See you in 15 minutes.
  20. 20. Barriers to Faculty Adoption • Faculty don’t know where to find open textbooks
  21. 21. open.umn.edu
  22. 22. Adoptions: 0
  23. 23. Barriers to Faculty Adoption • Faculty don’t know where to find open textbooks • Faculty don’t understand the urgency of student financial stress, and how it can impact students academically • Faculty aren’t aware that open textbooks are an option • Faculty don’t know what open textbooks are • Faculty confuse open textbooks with electronic textbooks
  24. 24. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 USHigher Education Funding - $/ FTE StateFunding Tuition Revenuehttp://www.sheeo.org
  25. 25. 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 600% 700% 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 %Increase Increasein Textbook Prices Textbooks CPI Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
  26. 26. 63.6% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% Take fewer courses 45.1% Not register for a specific course 33.9% Earn a poor grade 26.7% Drop a course 17.0% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  27. 27. Adoptions: 0
  28. 28. Barriers to Faculty Adoption • Faculty don’t know where to find open textbooks • Faculty don’t understand the urgency of student financial stress, and how it can impact students academically • Faculty aren’t aware that open textbooks are an option • Faculty don’t know what open textbooks are • Faculty confuse open textbooks with electronic textbooks
  29. 29. Barriers to Faculty Adoption • Faculty don’t know where to find open textbooks • Faculty don’t understand the urgency of student financial stress, and how it can impact students academically • Faculty aren’t aware that open textbooks are an option • Faculty don’t know what open textbooks are • Faculty confuse open textbooks with electronic textbooks • Faculty are skeptical of the quality of open textbooks
  30. 30. Barriers to Faculty Adoption • Faculty don’t know where to find open textbooks • Faculty don’t understand the urgency of student financial stress, and how it can impact students academically • Faculty aren’t aware that open textbooks are an option • Faculty don’t know what open textbooks are • Faculty confuse open textbooks with electronic textbooks • Faculty are skeptical of the quality of open textbooks
  31. 31. + +
  32. 32. Adoptions: 11 (out of 9!)
  33. 33. At University of Minnesota In 3+ years, 15 faculty saved students nearly $500,000.
  34. 34. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Cleveland State University Colorado State University Minnesota State College and Universities (34) North Dakota University System (11) The Ohio State University Oregon Community Colleges Oregon State University Portland State University Purdue University University of Arizona University of Iowa University of Massachusetts Amherst University of Minnesota University of Northwestern St. Paul University of Oklahoma University of Washington University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee University of Wisconsin – Stout Virginia Tech 45% Adoption rate
  35. 35. The Open Textbook Library Today open.umn.edu/opentextbooks
  36. 36. 4 criteria 1. Openly licensed 2. Complete textbook 3. Available in a downloadable format 4. Affiliated with an institution of higher education, scholarly society, or professional association, or, used at multiple institutions.
  37. 37. • 207 books • 378 reviews by over 600 faculty at OTN schools • Books produced by Open Stax, Open SUNY, COERLL, NOBA, UMN Libraries Publishing, Portland State, Grand Valley State, and more.
  38. 38. 0 0 5 2 15 74 152 174 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1.0 - 1.5 1.5 - 2.0 2.0 - 2.5 2.5 - 3.0 3.0 - 3.5 3.5 - 4.0 4.0 - 4.5 4.5 - 5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  39. 39. • On the horizon: – Metadata and MARC records – More books and more reviews – “Adopted By” data • Sign up for notifications on the About Us page at open.umn.edu/opentextbooks
  40. 40. Lunch
  41. 41. The Faculty Workshop
  42. 42. –United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all…”
  43. 43. The cost barrier kept 2.4 million low and moderate-income college-qualified high school graduates from completing college in the previous decade. The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf
  44. 44. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  45. 45. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 Oregon Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  46. 46. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Hours@MinimumWage Hours of Work Required to Afford Tuition (University of Minnesota)
  47. 47. 0 200 400 600 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Year Affording Average Annual In-District Tuition at Oregon Community Colleges Hoursatminimumwage http://www.oregon.gov/ccwd/pages/pub_rpts.aspx#Tuition_and_Fees http://www.oregonlive.com/business/index.ssf/2014/01/oregons_minimum_wage_1968_to_2.html
  48. 48. The average borrower owes more than $28,950 in student loans (class of 2014). http://ticas.org/posd/map-state-data-2015
  49. 49. $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 $Billions US Debt Consumer Revolving Credit Student Loan Debt Federal Reserve http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/Current/
  50. 50. What can we do? • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  51. 51. What can we do? • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  52. 52. 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 600% 700% 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Increase in Textbook Prices Textbooks CPI Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
  53. 53. http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/freshman-year/college-textbook-prices-have-risen-812-percent-1978-n399926
  54. 54. The average student should budget $1,249 - $1,364 for textbooks and course materials in 2015-16. http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate-budgets-2015-16
  55. 55. The average PCC student can expect to pay $1,800 - $3,100 on textbooks for their AAOT degree. TVCC course catalog and bookstore
  56. 56. Earning that much money would take 195 - 335 hours to earn at minimum wage. http://www.oregon.gov/boli/WHD/pages/minimum_wage.aspx
  57. 57. Resident tuition and fees are $96/credit, while textbooks are $19 - $33 per credit. So textbooks cost an additional 195 - 335 hours to earn at minimum wage. http://www.pcc.edu/enroll/paying-for-college/tuition/
  58. 58. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  59. 59. What do you think about the cost of textbooks? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6ll go
  60. 60. Coping with the Cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students
  61. 61. –U of MN Student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  62. 62. 59% of students report that they have had to wait for their financial aid check to purchase textbooks. Unpublished Minnesota State University Student Association survey
  63. 63. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  64. 64. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
  65. 65. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  66. 66. 63.6% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% Take fewer courses 45.1% Not register for a specific course 33.9% Earn a poor grade 26.7% Drop a course 17.0% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  67. 67. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- 4IswNs0WWE
  68. 68. Other models…
  69. 69. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Professional Organizations (CALI)
  70. 70. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  71. 71. Plus…
  72. 72. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  73. 73. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  74. 74. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =E1zAcm0lXn0
  75. 75. open.umn.edu
  76. 76. 0 0 5 2 15 74 152 174 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1.0 - 1.5 1.5 - 2.0 2.0 - 2.5 2.5 - 3.0 3.0 - 3.5 3.5 - 4.0 4.0 - 4.5 4.5 - 5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  77. 77. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies http://openedgroup.org/
  78. 78. 48,623 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  79. 79. 93% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  80. 80. 9 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  81. 81. 4,510 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  82. 82. 50% 35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  83. 83. What can we do? • Take a look! • Write a review! • Adopt if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  84. 84. Writing a Review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? Departmental funding for: 1. attending this workshop, and 2. reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  85. 85. Writing a Review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a concise review by March 25, 2016. 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. Stipend will be paid.
  86. 86. Strategies in dealing with hard questions in open textbooks Role playing
  87. 87. A few words of caution. https://www.flickr.com/photos/pictureperfectpose/76138988
  88. 88. BEWARE of demonizing https://www.flickr.com/photos/post406/242630595
  89. 89. BEWARE of overwhelming Don’t come to me with the entire truth. Don’t bring me the ocean if I feel thirsty, nor heaven if I ask for light. -from Olav Hauge’s “Don’t come to me with the entire truth,” translated by Robert Bly
  90. 90. Respect Academic Freedom https://www.flickr.com/photos/basykes/7131116
  91. 91. Leave Quality Judgment to Faculty
  92. 92. + +
  93. 93. Embrace Uncertainty
  94. 94. Practice tackling tough questions • In small groups of three, take turns pulling out questions from the hat. • Take 3-5 minutes to practice answering each question to your group. • We will come back together a 3:15 pm to review and discuss some of the questions.
  95. 95. Running a College Workshop https://docs.google.com/document/d/1gvVmCd jsVv0C5anXfsrC7PWlpBEF_2DRdzmV5Tbwl24/ed it?usp=sharing
  96. 96. Thank you dernst@umn.edu ; sfcohen@umn.edu @open_textbooks Library: open.umn.edu Network: z.umn.edu/otnetwork

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  • RobinAshford

    May. 15, 2016

With Dave Ernst, slide from the Open Textbook Network (open.umn.edu) all-day workshop with OR Community Colleges and Open Oregon. Our goal is to help identify and overcome barriers to open textbook adoption, build capacity for open textbooks at individual campuses and across the system, and prepare representatives to give workshops on their own.

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