What is a descriptive paragraph?What is a descriptive paragraph?• Describes how something or someone looks orfeels• Includes how the writer feels, i.e., the writer’sown impressions and thoughts.• ‘Creates a sensory image on the reader’s mind.That is, it paints a picture with words.• Descriptive paragraphs let the reader touch, taste,see, hear and smell what you are describing.• A successful description uses vivid vocabulary,including colorful adjectives and a lot ofdescriptive details.
Descriptive Paragraphs can be divided into 3 types:
Imagery: Mental PictureImagery is the use ofwords to create images,or mental pictures.Imagery helps youpicture how something* looks* sounds* smells* tastes* feels
dark friendly music softdry green relaxed spicyexciting humid sharp sweetfragrant loud quiet warmLook Sound Smell Feel
Relaxing at the BeachThe beach is the perfect place for me. Theair is hot, but the water is cool and fresh. Ienjoy swimming and surfing in the ocean.When I am tired, I come out and lie on thebeach. The sand is soft and white. The beachis noisy with seagulls and children laughing,but it is a pleasant noise. I even like the beachsmells. The air smells salty from the sea. I feelrelaxed and peaceful. When I want to relax insummer, I go to the beach.
Adding Specific DetailsGeneral Language1.I bought a car.2.We heard a noise3.Suddenly, I smelled food.4.I bought some furnitureSpecific Language1.I bought a 2005 JapaneseToyota.2.We heard the sound ofbreaking glass.3.Suddenly, I smelled steakand fried onion.4.I bought a wooden chairand a set of utensils.
Activity 1: Adding Specific Details to the Following:1. Maria found some jewelry in the backyard.2. My friend bought me a book for my birthday.3. My father enjoyed making things.4. We always have vegetables with dinner.5. In the picture, the person is holdingsomething.6. Our room looked out over some nice views.
Activity 2: Underline five words or phrases that could be made more specific,then replace them with more specific details.My Lost Treasure BoxWhen I left my hometown, my relativegave me a special box. She said I could use thebox to keep my special treasures. The box wasmade of a special material, and it was painted abright color. When I opened it, it played apretty song. I kept this box on my dresser and Iused it to store my things. Unfortunately, I lostmy beautiful box when I moved to a differentcity, but I will always remember it and myrelative who gave it to me.
A Horrible Hotel____________________________________________________________. First, the rooms aresmall, dark and dirty. There is no airconditioning in summer, so the rooms are veryhot. Because there is no heating, the rooms arecold, especially in winter. Second,_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. That is why I wantto warn you not to stay in that hotel.
Spatial order shows how people and objects arearranged in a space or a scene. A description can beorganized spatially in several ways: From top to bottom, Outside to inside, Left to right, Near to far, or the reverse of any of theseSpace Order
ExampleIn Mr. Adam’s classroom we see alot of interesting things. To the left ofthe class, we see 10 posters in the colorsof the rainbow. To the right of theroom is a black radio on top of thesilver file cabinets. In the back, there isa huge blue curtain hanging on the wall.In front of the class is a green,rectangular chalkboard. Indeed Mr.Adam’s classroom is very interesting.
My Favorite CaféMy favorite place to relax is a small café down thestreet from where I live. This café is on a small side streetand as soon as you see it, you feel like going in. There arethree windows on either side of the door, and eachwindow has a small window box with brightly coloredflowers. There is a small wooden door that opens into thecafé, and as soon as you go in, you can see a dozen smalltables all around the room. I always like to sit at a smalltable in the corner near the front windows. From here, Ican look at the artwork on the walls and at the prettygreen plants hanging from the ceiling. With a strong cupof coffee and a good book, I feel very happy and relaxedin my favorite place.
Prepositions for Descriptive Writing• in front of / in back of/ behind• on top of / on the bottom of /next to• Above / below / underneath• to the right / to the left• in the middle of• around• between
My Mother’s KitchenMy mother’s kitchen is not very big, but itis warm and comfortable.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. Now I livefar away, but I often think about my mother’skitchen.
My Mother’s KitchenMy mother’s kitchen is not very big, but it iswarm and comfortable. On the left side, there isa nice, small fridge with some family picturesplaced on fridge’s door. To the right, there is asmall, round table with four wooden chairs. Inthe left corner of the kitchen stands the foodcabinet which has my mother’s favourite spicesand utensils. Sometimes my brother and I sat onthe chairs around the table watching my mothercooking. We liked learning new things, workingtogether, and making delicious foods. Now I livefar away, but I often think about my mother’skitchen.
Activity: Write a description of a place by answering some of thesequestions:1. Where is the place?2. How big is it?3. How warm or cold is the place?4. How does the place make you feel?5. What things can you see in the place?6. What colors do you see?7. What sounds do you hear?8. What smell do you find in this place?
The Beach in HawaiiA beach in Hawaii is like a paradise. To start with, thebeach smells fresh like a new ocean air freshener. Thesand is so hot that when you walk on it after the sea,you feel like you walk on a burning grill. Not far fromthe shore, you can see the palm trees. They sway in theair from the strong wind. In a distance, there is abeautiful house by the water, so you can see the navyblue ocean every day. People are laughing and playingon the burning sand, and others are relaxing on thebeach sunbathing. From a far distance the ocean is adeep navy blue. At nights, you can only hear the wavesof the ocean and the light wind which comes from thehuge palm trees. To sum up, this beach is an amazingplace for a perfect summer holiday.
The Beach in HawaiiA beach in Hawaii is like a paradise. To start with, thebeach smells fresh like a new ocean air freshener. Thesand is so hot that when you walk on it after the sea,you feel like you walk on a burning grill. Not far fromthe shore, you can see the palm trees. They sway in theair from the strong wind. In a distance, there is abeautiful house by the water, so you can see the navyblue ocean every day. People are laughing and playingon the burning sand, and others are relaxing on thebeach sunbathing. From a far distance the ocean is adeep navy blue. At nights, you can only hear thewaves of the ocean and the light wind which comesfrom the huge palm trees. To sum up, this beach is anamazing place for a perfect summer holiday.
Describing People1. Age: twenty-one, a young woman, elderly, old, middle-aged,in his mid fifties, in her late thirties, in his early twenties.2. Hair: a- color: dark, blonde, grayb- length: straight, short, long, curly, bald, wavy3. Eyes: Color : blue, dark, brown, green.Shape: large, round, almond-shape4. Height: tall: 180 cm, short 155 cm tall, average5. Facial features: Face: smooth, wrinkled, thineyebrows: bushy6. body: thin, fat, chubby, well-built7. Personality: optimistic, kind, angry, considerate, happy,cheerful, annoying, helpful, scary
Describing People1. Complete the missing parts of the following paragraph from the list:[ fair, straight, green, wrinkled, thin, old, bushy,round, twenties, 170 cm, sixties, short ]Khalil is an ___________ man in his mid____________. His face is ___________ and___________. His hair is ___________ andhis eyebrows are ____________. Nora, on theother hand, is in her late ____________. Shehas ______________ hair, and ___________,_____________ eyes. She is approximately______________ tall.
Jack CollinsJack Collins is the most amazing person Ihave ever met. He came to my school and talkedabout his difficult life in prison. He was in prison for15 years. He made a lot of mistakes when he wasyoung, but now he has changed his life. He saw a lotof violence in prison, so he uses his experience tohelp high school students. Jack is tall and strong andlooks a little scary. The thing I remember mostabout him is his sensitive personality. He reallywants to help young people. In a word, I’ve nevermet anyone like Jack before.
My Best friend’s GrandfatherMy best friend’s grandfather tells greatstories about the difficult life he had when hewas young. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. I can learn many thingsfrom his stories.
My Best friend’s GrandfatherMy best friend’s grandfather tells great storiesabout the difficult life he had when he was young.He is 94 years old, but his voice is stillstrong and clear. He speaks quietly andslowly when he tells stories. His life wasdifficult when he was young. His familydidn’t have much money, so he workedhard to support them. Even though his lifewas not easy, he is still positive andoptimistic. I can learn many things from hisstories.
Using AdjectivesAdjectives are words that describe nouns. Writers use adjectives to give readers amore complete picture of the people, places and things they want to describe.Identify the adjectives in the following sentences:1. I take care of my expensive old bicycle.2. I am fond of my house plants.3. It has broad green leaves and delicate white flowers.4. I bought a straw hat at a music festival.5. It was not expensive, but I liked it because it waspractical and attractive.6. I bought my mug at a small, tourist shop at theairport.7. I took a three-week holiday last year.8. My friend bought a used car.
Adding two or three adjectives to the followingsentences:1.My umbrella is like a friend.2.No one understands why I still wear my jeans.3.If I could save one thing from the fire, it would bemy chair.4.My mother gave me a ring.5.My brother owned a car.
Ordering AdjectivesSometimes we use two or more adjectives together:• My parents live in a nice new house• A dirty old black cat is wandering the streets1. OPINION AdjectivesAdjectives like nice and dirty are opinion adjectives. They tell uswhat you think about somebody or something. Opinionadjectives usually go before fact adjectives2. FACT AdjectivesAdjectives like new, old, black are fact adjectives. They give usfactual information about age, shape, colour, make, etc.
Ordering Adjectives2. FACT Adjectives: Very often, we put fact adjectives in this order:1- Articles, demonstratives, pronouns, possessives: a, an, those, her, Mary’s2- Quantity: two, fifty, some, many, a few3- Opinion: happy, beautiful, exciting, silly, cheerful4- SIZE : How big? large, small, tiny, huge, little5- AGE : How old? new, young, old, ancient6- SHAPE : What shape? square, round, rectangular, flat7- COLOUR : What colour? blue, pink, yellow, crimson8- ORIGIN : Where from? English, American, Chinese9- MATERIAL: What it is made of ? plastic, wooden, glass, woolen10- PURPOSE : What it is used for? racing car, frying pan, rocking chairExamples:A. An (1) interesting (3) old (5) bookB. An (1) ugly (3) pink (7 ) plastic (9) necklaceC. A (1) nice (3) small (4) African (8) drumD. A (1) delicious (3) round (6) chocolate (8) cakeE. A pair of smart(3) brown (7) leather (9) bootsF. A (1) beautiful (3) small (4) white (7) Chinese (8 ) computer
Ordering AdjectivesExercise:1. At home there is (a wooden beautiful square ) table in thedining room.2. I was offered (gold unusual an) ring by my husband.3. My grandmother has knitted ( a new woolen nice) pullover forme.4. I saw (an American interesting old) movie with friends athome.5. It may rain ! There are (black big ) clouds floating in the air.6. Last week, I visited (a small old lovely ) village in a remotearea.7. It started to rain so I opened (red yellow huge a) umbrella8. John was given (an black little adorable) cat by his sister.9. A (shiny new sports Italian) car was parked opposite my house.10. It was such (a sunny lovely ) day that we decided to go out for awalk.