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Models of Instructional Design


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An overview of a few models used in instructional design

Published in: Education
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Models of Instructional Design

  1. 1. Instructional Design Models
  2. 2. <ul><li>Instructional Design Models help curriculum developers to “visualize the problem, to break it down into discrete, manageable units” (About e-Learning, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>They “typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to the recipient” (Culata, 2010) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There are over 100 different types of design models including (but not limited to): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ADDIE Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iterative Design Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kemp Design Model </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Most generic model </li></ul><ul><li>Named for the five phases of design it incorporates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The analysis phase clarifies the project requirements (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The analysis phase clarifies the project requirements (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The design phase is the planning phase that incorporates strategies, objectives, content, subject matter analysis and lesson planning (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulls together the information from the design phase (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulls together the information from the design phase (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies the curriculum (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulls together the information from the design phase (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies the curriculum (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for review of the curriculum based on assessments set in place including examinations and user feedback (Culata, 2010) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Based on incremental feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Several other models use the Iterative model as a base for their design, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid Prototyping - continual evaluation cycle including 7 steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiral Model – incorporates 10 steps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from (Culata, 2010) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Based on Nine (9) Steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify instructional problems, and specify goals for designing an instructional program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine learner characteristics that should receive attention during planning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify subject content, and analyze task components related to stated goals and purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State instructional objectives for the learner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence content within each instructional unit for logical learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design instructional strategies so that each learner can master the objectives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan the instructional message and delivery. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop evaluation instruments to assess objectives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select resources to support instruction and learning activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from (Culata, 2010) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Author and theorist George Siemens states that: </li></ul><ul><li>“ the work of instructional designers has changed considerably in the past decade. … The more instructional designers know about the cognitive processes involved in learning and motivation, the more competent and confident they are in designing effective learning resources” (Elearnspace, 2005) </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>About e-Learning. (2007). Instructional design principles. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Culata, R. (2010). Instructional design. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>Elearnspace. (2005, May 24). Five instructional design principles worth revisiting. Retrieved from </li></ul>