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Surah al fatiha(juz 1)

first presentation for our UETian Islamic Forum
Engr.Sumera Khalid
Ms Structural Engineering
UET taxila

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Surah al fatiha(juz 1)

  1. 1. 7/9/2013 1
  2. 2. 7/9/2013 2
  3. 3. NOTE:- 1.Surah titles are not an integral part of the Qur’aan. A distinguishing word in a particular surah or a word defining its subject matter often became a common means of identification among the Prophet’s companions and later scholars. Although some names ,such as Al-fatihah ,were used by the Prophet (PBUH) in reference to particular surah, they were not specifically designated by him as titles . • Al –Fatihah : The opening (of the Qur’aan)*1. 7/9/2013 3
  4. 4. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH ,*2 THE ENTIRELY MERCIFUL ,THE ESPECIALLY MERCIFUL.*3 *2. Allah is a roper name belonging only to the one Almighty God, Creator and sustainer of the Earth and all that is within them, the Eternal and Absolute , to whom alone all worship is due. *3.Ar-Rahman and Ar-raheem are the two names of Allah derived from the word Rahmah (mercy) . In Arabic grammar both are intensive forms of “merciful” (i.e ., extremely merciful ). A complementary and comprehensive meaning is intended by using both together. 7/9/2013 4
  5. 5. • Rahman is used to describe Allah ,while raheem might be used to describe a person as well. • The Prophet (P.B.U.H) was described in the the Qur’aan as raheem. • Rahman is above the human level (i.e., intensively merciful). • Since one usually understands intensity to be something of short duration ,Allah describes himself also as raheem (i.e., continually merciful). • Rahman also carries a wider meaning – merciful to all creation. Justice is a part of this mercy. Raheem includes the concept of specialty –especially and specifically merciful to the believers . • Forgiveness is the part of this mercy. (see al-Qurtubi’s al-Jami’u li Akhamil-Qur’aan,pp.103-107.) 7/9/2013 5
  6. 6. • (All) praise is (due) to Allah ,Lord *4 of the worlds 4. when referring to Allah (Subhanahu wa ta‟aala) ,the Arabic term “rabb” (translated as “LORD”) includes all of the following meanings : “owner, master, ruler, controller, sustainer, provider, guardian and care taker” 7/9/2013 6
  7. 7. Al-fatihah is actually a prayer ,which Allah teaches to all who embark upon the study of this book .its position at the beginning specifies that anyone who wants to be benefit from this book should first offer this prayer to the Lord of the Universe. Supplication (dua) 7/9/2013 7
  8. 8. 2. The word Rabb has three connotations: i. lord and Master ii. Sustainer, provider, supporter, Nourisher and guardian iii. sovereign He who controls and directs , Allah is Rabb of the Universe in all these senses. 7/9/2013 8
  9. 9. The entirely Merciful ,the Especially Merciful (as explained in slide 5) Sovereign of the Day of Recompense *5 5. i.e., repayment and compensation for whatever was earned of good or evil during life on this earth . 7/9/2013 9
  10. 10. You alone do we worship *3 and you alone we turn to for help *3 „ibadah is also used in three senses i. Worship, prayer and adoration ii. Submission and obedience, iii. Bondage and servitude 7/9/2013 10
  11. 11. Roots of Are sad-ra-tay = THE PATH Which is even ,wide enough and can be trodden without difficulty. A road /way/path ,long sword Roots of Are Nun-ayn-miim= to lead an easy life, enjoy the comforts and conveniences of life ,be joyful, comforts/delights, become easy/soft/plentiful/pleasant/good/flourishing, to knead/cook well, In‟aam beneficence, favor to a person , blessing, gifted(with speech/talent/reason etc). 7/9/2013 11
  12. 12. Direct us to the straight way ,the path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have earned(Your) anger or of those who are astray.*4 7/9/2013 12
  13. 13. Roots of Are ghyn-daad-ba= anger/wrath/stern, Displeasure, indignation, hot tempered, passion, intense/deep redness Roots of Are dad-la-lam= erred, strayed, or went astray. Deviated from the right way or the course. Missed or lost the right way. Lost something but doesn't know its place. Confounded or perplexed and unable to see the right course. Become hidden, unperceived , concealed, absent or escaped. Went away. 7/9/2013 13
  14. 14. *4 Al-Fatihah is a prayer from man to God, and the rest of Qur‟aan is Allah‟s response to show him the straight Way . In response to this prayer Allah offers the Qur‟aan as the true guidance ,the “Straight way “ which man has sought and prayed for. 7/9/2013 14