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Algeria

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Algeria

  1. 1. Algeria
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Borders are Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya, and Tunisia. </li></ul><ul><li>Located in North Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Borders Mediterranean coastline- 998 kilometers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography <ul><li>Area: 2,381,740 square kilometers. </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Algiers, Algeria </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd largest country in North Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular cities are Oran and Annaba. </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 2,381,740 people (as of 2010). </li></ul>Oran Annaba
  4. 4. Sports <ul><li>Sports played are: Soccer, Badminton, Basketball, Chess, Volleyball, Wrestling, Rugby, Table Tennis, Fencing, Swimming, Track and Field. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Foods <ul><li>Eclectic Cuisine: Made from many different origins of food. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional cuisines come from Berber, Turkish, French, and Arab cuisines. </li></ul><ul><li>Couscous is the national dish in Algeria. Consists of spherical granules made by rolling out wheat flour. </li></ul><ul><li>Common beverages consist of coffee, tea, and fruit drinks. </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat and barley are typically used. </li></ul><ul><li>Olives are very popular in Algeria. They are used in foods such as salad, olive oil, sandwiches and many other Algerian dishes. </li></ul><ul><li>Spices commonly used are saffron, nutmeg, ginger, cloves and cinnamon. </li></ul><ul><li>Other commonly used foods are tomatoes, potatoes, zucchini and chilies. </li></ul><ul><li> Saffron </li></ul>
  6. 6. Literacy Rate <ul><li>Male: 79.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Female: 60.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Total Population: 69.9% </li></ul>
  7. 7. Religion <ul><li>Islam is the main religion </li></ul><ul><li>There is a small amount of Christian and Jews in Algeria. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Employment <ul><li>1/3 of Algerian workers are employed in industrial jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Most women that work outside of the house are nurses, technicians, secretaries, or teachers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Language <ul><li>Main language is Arabic. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic is also the national language. </li></ul><ul><li>Other languages spoken are Berber and French. </li></ul><ul><li>Hello in Arabic is مرحبا </li></ul><ul><li>Goodbye in Arabic is وداعا </li></ul>
  10. 10. Names <ul><li>Traditional female names: Nafisa, Aysha, and Farida. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional male names: Abd al- Haq, Hamid, and Abd al- Latif. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Major Holidays <ul><li>Algerians celebrate both secular (non-religious) and Muslim holidays. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important Muslim holidays are Eid al- Fitr and Eid al- Adha. </li></ul><ul><li>Eid al- Fitr is a 3 day celebration that takes place after Ramadan. </li></ul><ul><li>Eid al- Adha commemorates the willingness of Abraham to obey God’s command and sacrifice his son, Isaac. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important secular holidays are New Year’s, Independence Day and Labor Day. </li></ul><ul><li>New Year’s day takes place on January 1 st . </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Day takes place on May 1 st . </li></ul><ul><li>Independence Day takes place on July 5 th . Businesses, Banks, and even government offices are closed down to celebrate. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rites of Passage <ul><li>Important rites of passage in Algeria are births, baby- naming, male circumcisions, and weddings. A big party or family celebration is held to celebrate the upcoming event. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Weddings <ul><li>Groom’s pay </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration lasts several days </li></ul><ul><li>After days of singing and eating, </li></ul><ul><li>the bride and the groom are untied </li></ul><ul><li>in marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>After the couple is married, a </li></ul><ul><li>following week of activities </li></ul><ul><li>occur. </li></ul>A traditional Algerian wedding dress
  14. 14. Clothing <ul><li>The traditional male clothing is a burnous </li></ul><ul><li>(a long, hooded robe). </li></ul><ul><li>The traditional clothing for a female </li></ul><ul><li>is a haik (a long piece of cloth draped over </li></ul><ul><li>the entire body and head) or a hijab (a long, </li></ul><ul><li>loose dress and hair covering). </li></ul>Haik Burnous Hijab
  15. 15. Education <ul><li>Kids 5-15 must attend school, by law </li></ul><ul><li>After elementary school, </li></ul><ul><li>children have a choice of taking secondary school. They take </li></ul><ul><li>exams to pass secondary school </li></ul><ul><li>to see if they can be enrolled </li></ul><ul><li>into a college or university. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Crafts <ul><li>Crafters of Algeria make rugs, pottery, embroidery, jewelry, brass objects, and hand-woven baskets. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Algeria - Location and Size, Population, Fisheries, Industry, Mining, Manufacturing, Services.&quot; Encyclopedia of the Nations - Information about Countries of the World, United Nations, and World Leaders . Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Africa/Algeria.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Population of Algeria 2010 - True Knowledge.&quot; True Knowledge - the Internet Answer Engine . Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.trueknowledge.com/q/population_of_algeria_2010>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;African Cuisine - Algeria | Foodspring.com.&quot; Foodspring: Gateway to Food Adventure . Web. 24 Feb. 2011. <http://foodspring.com/content/Algeria/?gclid=CKHK64ydoacCFYLd4AodFW5CxQ>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google images </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Define:couscous - Google Search.&quot; Google . Web. 24 Feb. 2011. <http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&safe=active&biw=1276&bih=823&defl=en&q=define:couscous&sa=X&ei=H49mTc8Gg4KUB_DEof8B&ved=0CCsQkAE>. </li></ul><ul><li>Channel, Algeria. &quot;Religion in Algeria | By Algeria Channel.&quot; Algeria Hotel and Travel Guide | By Algeria Channel . Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.algeria.com/religion/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Channel, Algeria. &quot;Religion in Algeria | By Algeria Channel.&quot; Algeria Hotel and Travel Guide | By Algeria Channel . Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.algeria.com/religion/>. </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Religion in Algeria - Index.&quot; Agnosticism / Atheism - Skepticism & Atheism for Atheists & Agnostics . Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/islam/countries/bl_AlgeriaIndex.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>google images </li></ul>

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