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General PatternsGeneral Patterns
of World Tourismof World Tourism
Name: v.s.NadageriName: v.s.Nadageri
Semester : 3Semeste...
General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World
TourismTourism
Learning objectives :
• Discuss factors influencing tour...
General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World
TourismTourism
• In 1979, famed futurist Herman Kahn
predicted that tou...
General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World
TourismTourism
Defining tourism
1) Movement of people between two or
mo...
General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World
TourismTourism
UN’s divided visitors into two categories :-
1. Tourists...
Factors influencing tourismFactors influencing tourism
• Leisure Time
• Affluence
• Mobility
Historical development of travelHistorical development of travel
and tourismand tourism
Ancient times
• People did not tra...
Historical development of travelHistorical development of travel
and tourismand tourism
Roman era
• Height of early touris...
Early International TourismEarly International Tourism
• Growth of a middle class
• Achievements in art and thought of the...
Early International TourismEarly International Tourism
• Late in the 1800s and early 1900s,
seaside and mountain resorts b...
Current International Patterns ofCurrent International Patterns of
TourismTourism
• Increased steadily since the end of WW...
Character of internationalCharacter of international
tourismtourism
• Interaction between places (tourism)
function of tim...
Character of internationalCharacter of international
tourismtourism
Destination regions :-
a) Primary
b) Secondary
Character of internationalCharacter of international
tourismtourism
Primary Destination (2-35 days) :-
a) Friends and Fami...
Character of internationalCharacter of international
tourismtourism
Secondary Destination (1 – 10 days)
a) Shadow Effect e...
Character of internationalCharacter of international
tourismtourism
c) Path Destinations e.g. located between
popular dest...
Character of internationalCharacter of international
tourismtourism
d) Transit Destinations :- revolves around
point of ch...
Travel PatternsTravel Patterns
• Proximity
• Presence or absence of international
connectivity, including business, politi...
Influence of TourismInfluence of Tourism
A) Economic
B) Social and cultural
C) Environmental
Economic ImpactEconomic Impact
• Providing foreign exchange and tax
revenues needed by many nations
• Raise standard of li...
Economic ImpactEconomic Impact
Tourism income benefits countries in many
ways :-
• Money flows into the economy
• Generate...
Economic ImpactEconomic Impact
Negative economic impacts :-
• Seasonal
• Inflation e.g. too many Singaporeans
visiting JB,...
Social and Cultural impactSocial and Cultural impact
• Development of cultural understanding
• Traditional folk costumes a...
Social and Cultural impactSocial and Cultural impact
Responsibilities of a good visitor :-
• Never compared your home coun...
Environmental impactEnvironmental impact
• Tourists attracted to scenic harbors,
waterfalls, large lakes surrounded by hig...
Environmental impactEnvironmental impact
• Preexisting forms characterize an area’s
human and physical environment before
...
Environmental impactEnvironmental impact
• Location and development can be
controlled carefully by the local and
federal g...
Environmental impactEnvironmental impact
Includes :-
a) Pollution e.g. automobiles, taxis,
buses, and aircraft
b) Vegetati...
Environmental impactEnvironmental impact
c) Wildlife e.g. wildlife changes result
from the killing of animals or birds and...
SummarySummary
• Different impacts of tourism will occur
whenever a country welcomes foreign and
local tourists.
• Those w...
THANK YOU
THANK YOUBY –
V.S.NADAGERI
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General patterns of world tourism ppt Appa college of MASTER OF TOURISM ADMINISTRATION GULBARGA-585302

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General patterns of world tourism ppt Appa college of MASTER OF TOURISM ADMINISTRATION GULBARGA-585302

  1. 1. General PatternsGeneral Patterns of World Tourismof World Tourism Name: v.s.NadageriName: v.s.Nadageri Semester : 3Semester : 3rdrd Reg No: 1660195Reg No: 1660195
  2. 2. General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World TourismTourism Learning objectives : • Discuss factors influencing tourism • Describe the historical development of travel and tourism • Understand the character of international tourism • Identify the different impacts of tourism
  3. 3. General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World TourismTourism • In 1979, famed futurist Herman Kahn predicted that tourism would be the world’s largest industry by the year 2000 • 1986 – exceeded 2 trillion dollars, 64.3 million jobs • 1999 – exceeded 3.6 trillion dollars, employment 200 million
  4. 4. General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World TourismTourism Defining tourism 1) Movement of people between two or more places (origin and destination) 2) Length of time of movement (temporary) 3) Purpose
  5. 5. General Patterns of WorldGeneral Patterns of World TourismTourism UN’s divided visitors into two categories :- 1. Tourists are temporary visitors 2. Excursionists staying less twenty-four hours in the country visited
  6. 6. Factors influencing tourismFactors influencing tourism • Leisure Time • Affluence • Mobility
  7. 7. Historical development of travelHistorical development of travel and tourismand tourism Ancient times • People did not travel in ancient times • 3 elements :- a) money b) ability to communicate c) transportation • Transportation is the most important among the three factors
  8. 8. Historical development of travelHistorical development of travel and tourismand tourism Roman era • Height of early tourism • Factors emerged a) common coinage b) language c) legal system
  9. 9. Early International TourismEarly International Tourism • Growth of a middle class • Achievements in art and thought of the Renaissance • Forerunner of modern tourism – The Grand Tour
  10. 10. Early International TourismEarly International Tourism • Late in the 1800s and early 1900s, seaside and mountain resorts became fashionable places for the wealthy • Coastal areas in France and Britain became havens for the wealthy in terms of spa
  11. 11. Current International Patterns ofCurrent International Patterns of TourismTourism • Increased steadily since the end of WWII • 1960s, number of world tourist arrivals more than doubled • 1970 – 183 million, 2000 – 700 million • Growth in number of arrivals has been greatest in the low-income nations of the world leading to better economy, higher standard of living etc. China
  12. 12. Character of internationalCharacter of international tourismtourism • Interaction between places (tourism) function of time and cost • Distance increases lead to tourism interaction between places decreases • Costs increase tourism interaction decreases
  13. 13. Character of internationalCharacter of international tourismtourism Destination regions :- a) Primary b) Secondary
  14. 14. Character of internationalCharacter of international tourismtourism Primary Destination (2-35 days) :- a) Friends and Family e.g. stay longer and visit frequently b) Exotic e.g. perception of the potential visitor based on historical, environment, culture, mega events and sun-sea-sand varies from person to person
  15. 15. Character of internationalCharacter of international tourismtourism Secondary Destination (1 – 10 days) a) Shadow Effect e.g. near other major destinations b) Grand Tour e.g. Usually shorter in length compared to sixteenth to nineteenth century Europe, Eurail pass leads to multiple country visits in Europe
  16. 16. Character of internationalCharacter of international tourismtourism c) Path Destinations e.g. located between popular destinations on transportation paths, attract tourists that are travelling from an origin to a destination
  17. 17. Character of internationalCharacter of international tourismtourism d) Transit Destinations :- revolves around point of change, type of carrier, major change in route e.g. promoting Singapore as a SE Asia hub
  18. 18. Travel PatternsTravel Patterns • Proximity • Presence or absence of international connectivity, including business, political, military and other ties • Type and degree of service offered • General attractiveness • Cost of travelling
  19. 19. Influence of TourismInfluence of Tourism A) Economic B) Social and cultural C) Environmental
  20. 20. Economic ImpactEconomic Impact • Providing foreign exchange and tax revenues needed by many nations • Raise standard of living of their citizens • Help a country’s balance of payments
  21. 21. Economic ImpactEconomic Impact Tourism income benefits countries in many ways :- • Money flows into the economy • Generated for the governments e.g. taxes • Creates employment e.g. Tourism & Hospitality industry
  22. 22. Economic ImpactEconomic Impact Negative economic impacts :- • Seasonal • Inflation e.g. too many Singaporeans visiting JB, Malaysia • Demand for “hard currency” is so high
  23. 23. Social and Cultural impactSocial and Cultural impact • Development of cultural understanding • Traditional folk costumes and customs are reestablished to benefit tourists • Return of immigrants or their descendants that bring them closer to ancestral homeland • Patterns of food consumption
  24. 24. Social and Cultural impactSocial and Cultural impact Responsibilities of a good visitor :- • Never compared your home country with the host country • Make efforts to understand its local culture • Appreciate what the local culture can offer • Be patient and tolerance
  25. 25. Environmental impactEnvironmental impact • Tourists attracted to scenic harbors, waterfalls, large lakes surrounded by high mountains or volcanoes • May threaten the natural beauty • Increased visits may lead to damaging the environment e.g. Great Barrier • Ensured effective plans to balance tourism and the environment
  26. 26. Environmental impactEnvironmental impact • Preexisting forms characterize an area’s human and physical environment before being “discovered” as a major tourist destination area e.g. development of coastal resorts and cities • Concerned with pollution of surrounding areas e.g. East Coast Park, Singapore
  27. 27. Environmental impactEnvironmental impact • Location and development can be controlled carefully by the local and federal governments • Carrying capacity :- level of tourism development that can occur in the destination • Ecotourism is environmentally responsible travel to natural areas that helps to preserve the area being visited
  28. 28. Environmental impactEnvironmental impact Includes :- a) Pollution e.g. automobiles, taxis, buses, and aircraft b) Vegetation e.g. large number of visitors that overwhelm an area and physical abuse to the vegetation
  29. 29. Environmental impactEnvironmental impact c) Wildlife e.g. wildlife changes result from the killing of animals or birds and the disruption d) Natural Landscapes e.g. construction results in the encroachment of facilities or buildings
  30. 30. SummarySummary • Different impacts of tourism will occur whenever a country welcomes foreign and local tourists. • Those who work in the industry will understand the various factors in influencing tourism better. • We will understand how travel and tourism evolves over time during western civilization
  31. 31. THANK YOU THANK YOUBY – V.S.NADAGERI

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